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Syngrapha Hübner, [1821]
Syngrapha Hübner, [1821]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (16): 250, TS: Noctua devergens Hübner
Caloplusia Smith, 1884; Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc., 7: 68, TS: Phalaena hochenwarthi Hochenwarth
Palaeographa Klyuchko, 1983; Zoologicheski Zhurnal 62 (2): 354, TS: Phalaena interrogationis Linnaeus
Diasyngrapha Beck, 1991; Atalanta 22 (2/4): 224, TS: Plusia diasema Boisduval
Microsyngrapha Beck, 1991; Atalanta 22 (2/4): 224, TS: Noctua microgamma Hübner
Parsyngrapha Beck, 1991; Atalanta 22 (2/4): 224, TS: Noctua parilis Hübner
Aingrapha Beck, 1991; Atalanta 22 (2/4): 225, TS: Phalaena ain Hochenwarth
Syngrapha (Plusiini) ; [NACL, 130]
Syngrapha (Plusiina) ; [MNA25.1, 96]; [NE10, 160, 235]; Ronkay, Ronkay & Behounek, 2008, Witt Catalogue 1: 100
Misidentified/misapplied:
Autographa; Dyar, 1903, (part)
Plusia; Forbes, 1954, (part)

Syngrapha abstrusa Eichlin & Cunningham, 1978
Newfoundland - New Jersey, S.Canada, Montana, N.New Mexico. See [About maps] Syngrapha abstrusa Eichlin & Cunningham, 1978; U.S. Dept. Agric. Tech. Bull. 1567: 46, TL: Lake Katherine, Oneida Co., Wisconsin
Syngrapha abstrusa, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Syngrapha abstrusa, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Syngrapha abstrusa, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Syngrapha abstrusa ; [NACL, #8940]; [MNA25.1: 114, f. 55, pl. 3, f. 31-33, pl. 4, f. 16, pl. G, f. 6, pl. P, f. 6]; [NE10, 160]

Larva on Picea engelmannii, Pinus banksiana, Picea glauca [MNA25.1, 114]


fiSyngrapha ain (Hochenwarth, 1785)
Alps, S.Urals, S.Siberia, Korea, Japan. See [About maps] Phalaena ain Hochenwarth, 1785; Beitr. ins Berl. 6: 337, pl. 7, f. 8
Syngrapha ain, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Syngrapha ain ; [NE10: 243, pl. 16, f. 46-50, gen. 264, 329]
Syngrapha ain ain ; Ronkay, Ronkay & Behounek, 2008, Witt Catalogue 1: 107
S. a. persibirica Ronkay, Ronkay, Behounek & Mikkola, 2008
Mongolia Syngrapha ain persibirica Ronkay, Ronkay, Behounek & Mikkola, 2008; in Ronkay, Ronkay & Behounek, Witt Catalogue 1: 107, pl. 36, f. 7-8, TL: Mongolia
Syngrapha ain persibirica ; [NE12, 246]

Syngrapha alias (Ottolengui, 1902)
Newfoundland, N.Quebec - Alaska, New Jersey, N.North Carolina, New Mexico, Idaho, N.California. See [About maps] Autographa alias Ottolengui, 1902; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 10 : 69, pl. 8, f. 7, 13, TL: Jefferson, New Hampshire
Syngrapha alias, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Syngrapha alias, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Syngrapha alias, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Syngrapha alias, Noctuid Search (record) [NOCTS]
Syngrapha alias ; [NACL, #8939]; [MNA25.1: 115, f. 56, pl. 3, f. 34-36, pl. G, f. 7, pl. P, f. 7]; [NE10, 160]
S. a. interalia (Ottolengui, 1919)
Autographa interalia Ottolengui, 1919; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 27 : 122, pl. 15, f. 5, TL: Nordegg, Alberta
= Syngrapha alias (Ottolengui, 1902); [MNA25.1, 115]
Syngrapha alias interalia ; [NACL, #8939a]

Larva on Picea glauca, P. mariana [MNA25.1, 115]


Syngrapha altera (Ottolengui, 1902)
Newfoundland - Manitoba, N.Michigan. See [About maps] Autographa altera Ottolengui, 1902; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 10 : 69, pl. 8, f. 9, TL: Lake Nipigon, Ontario
Syngrapha altera, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Syngrapha altera ; [NACL, #8925]; [MNA25.1: 101, f. 43, pl. 3, f. 1-2, pl. F, f. 2, pl. N, f. 8]; [NE10, 160]
S. a. variana (Ottolengui, 1902)
Maine - Newfoundland Syngrapha variana Ottolengui, 1902; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 10 : 70, pl. 6, f. 10, TL: New Brunswick, Canada
= Syngrapha altera (Ottolengui, 1902); [MNA25.1, 101]
Syngrapha altera variana ; [NACL, #8925a]

Syngrapha alticola (Walker, [1858])
Newfoundland, Labrador, N.Manitoba, Northwest Territory, W.Alaska, Rocky Mountains, Washington. See [About maps] Plusia alticola Walker, [1858]; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 12: 912, TL: "Rocky Mountains"
Syngrapha alticola, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Syngrapha alticola, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Syngrapha alticola, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Syngrapha devergens alticola ; [NACL, #8947a]
Syngrapha alticola ; [MNA25.1: 121, f. 63, pl. 3, f. 54-55, pl. H, f. 4, pl. Q, f. 6]; [NE10, 160]

Syngrapha angulidens (Smith, 1891)
S.Alaska - British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, Rocky Mountains, E.Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico. See [About maps] Plusia angulidens Smith, 1891; Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 18 : 111, TL: Colorado
Syngrapha angulidens ab. plusioides Strand, 1917; Archiv Naturg. 82 A (2) : 47, TL: United States
= ; [NACL, #8943]
Syngrapha angulidens, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Syngrapha angulidens, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Syngrapha angulidens, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Syngrapha angulidens, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Syngrapha angulidens ; [NACL, #8943]; [MNA25.1: 117, f. 59, pl. 3, f. 42-44, pl. G, f. 10, pl. Q, f. 2]; [NE10, 160]

Larva on Abies?, Pseudotsuga? Stevens, Carolin & Stein, 1983, J. Lep. Soc. 37 (2): 134

S. a. excelsa (Ottolengui, 1902)
Autographa excelsa Ottolengui, 1902; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 10 : 71, TL: New Hampshire [= error?]
= Syngrapha angulidens (Smith, 1891); [MNA25.1, 117]
Syngrapha excelsa ab. excelsana Strand, 1917; Archiv Naturg. 82 A (2) : 47, TL: North America
= ; [NACL, #8943a]
Autographa alta Ottolengui, 1919; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 27 : 125 (unnec. repl. Autographa excelsa Ottolengui, 1902)
Syngrapha angulidens excelsa ; [NACL, #8943a]

Syngrapha borea (Aurivillius, 1890)
W.Greenland, Alaska, Yukon - Alberta, SE.British Columbia. See [About maps] Plusia diasema var. borea Aurivillius, 1890; Bihang K. svenska VetensAkad. Handl. 15 (4) (1) : 17, pl. 1, f. 8, TL: Greenland, Ivigtut
Syngrapha snovi ab. 1 Hampson, 1913; Cat. Lepid. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 13 : 419
Syngrapha snowi ab. lula Strand, 1917; Archiv Naturg. 82 A (2) : 47 ("ab. 1" Hampson, 1913), TL: Canada
= ; [NE10, 161]
Autographa diversigna Ottolengui, 1919; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 27 : 121, pl. 15, f. 2, TL: Nordegg, Alberta
= Syngrapha lula Strand, 1917; [NACL, #8933]
= ; [MNA25.1, 111]; [NE10, 161]
Autographa lula Barnes & Benjamin, 1923; Can. Ent. 55: 212
= ; [MNA25.1, 111]
Syngrapha borea, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Syngrapha borea, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Syngrapha borea, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Syngrapha lula ; [NACL, #8933]
Syngrapha borea ; [NACL, #8934]; [MNA25.1: 111, f. 51, pl. 3, f. 23-24, pl. G, f. 2, pl. P, f. 2]; [NE10, 161]

Syngrapha celsa (H. Edwards, 1881)
British Columbia - California, Idaho, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico. See [About maps] Plusia celsa H. Edwards, 1881; Papilio 1 (6) : 101, TL: Mt. Hood, Oregon
Syngrapha octoscripta ab. beta Strand, 1917; Archiv Naturg. 82 A (2) : 47, TL: North America
Syngrapha altera ab. alterana Strand, 1917; Archiv Naturg. 82 A (2) : 47, TL: United States
= ; [NACL, #8944]
Syngrapha celsa, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Syngrapha celsa, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Syngrapha celsa, Noctuid Search (record) [NOCTS]
Syngrapha celsa ; [NACL, #8944]; [MNA25.1: 118, f. 60, pl. 3, f. 45-47, pl. H, f. 1, pl. Q, f. 3]; [NE10, 161]
Misidentified/misapplied:
altera Ottolengui, 1902; Hampson, 1913

Larva on Abies lasiocarpa, A. grandis, A. concolor, Picea egelmannii, P. glauca, Pinus monticola, Tsuga heterophylla [MNA25.1, 119]

S. c. sierra (Ottolengui, 1919)
Autographa celsa r. sierrae Ottolengui, 1919; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 27 : 123, TL: Lake Tahoe, Sierra Nevada, California
Syngrapha celsa sierra ; [NACL, #8944a (missp.)]
Syngrapha celsa sierrae ; [NE10, 161]

Syngrapha composita (Warren, 1913)
Caloplusia composita Warren, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 3 : 345, pl. 64 a, TL: Thian Shan Mts., Turgan Aksu
Syngrapha composita ; [NE10, 161]

Syngrapha cryptica Eichlin & Cunningham, 1978
Nova Scotia, Prince Edwards I., N.Maine, Michigan, Wisconsin. See [About maps] Syngrapha cryptica Eichlin & Cunningham, 1978; U.S. Dept. Agric. Tech. Bull. 1567: 47, TL: Lake Katherine, Oneida Co., Wisconsin
Syngrapha cryptica, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Syngrapha cryptica ; [NACL, #8941]; [MNA25.1: 115, f. 57, pl. 3, f. 37-38, pl. G, f. 8, pl. P, f. 8]; [NE10, 161]

Syngrapha devergens (Hübner, [1813])
Alps, Tien-Shan, Alai Mts., Ili Region. See [About maps] Noctua devergens Hübner, [1813]; Samml. eur. Schmett. [4] : pl. 107, f. 500-510, TL: Europe
Syngrapha devergens ; [NACL, #8947 (extralim.)]; [NE10: 237, pl. 16, f. 9-13, gen. 258, 323]; Ronkay, Ronkay & Behounek, 2008, Witt Catalogue 1: 101

Larva on Silene, Viola, Plantago, Geum [NE10, 237]


fiSyngrapha diasema (Boisduval, 1829)
N.Scandinavia, N.European Russia, N.Siberia, Altai, Tien Shan, N.Mongolia, Labrador - Alaska, N.Quebec. See [About maps] Isohopeayökkönen
Plusia diasema Boisduval, 1829; Eur. Lepid. Index Meth.: 93, TL: "Lapponia"
Syngrapha diasema ab. connexa Warren, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 3 : 346
Syngrapha diasema, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Syngrapha diasema, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Syngrapha diasema, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Syngrapha diasema, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Syngrapha diasema, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Syngrapha diasema ; [NACL, #8935]; [MNA25.1: 110, f. 51, pl. 3, f. 21-22, pl. G, f. 1, pl. P, f. 1]; [NE10: 240, pl. 16, f. 41-45, gen. 263a-b, 328]; Ronkay, Ronkay & Behounek, 2008, Witt Catalogue 1: 106
[diasema.jpg] 500x540 (~42Kb) FINLAND: Lk: Muonio, 753:38, m 15.7.1984, f 14.7.1984, Markku Savela leg.

Larva on Betula sp., B. nana, Vaccinium, Populus, Trollius europaeus [NE10, 241]



Syngrapha epigaea (Grote, 1874)
W.Canada, S.Canada, Pennsylvania, N.Ohio, N.Wisconsin, British Columbia - to (Oregon, Colorado). See [About maps] Plusia epigaea Grote, 1874; Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1874 : 208, TL: New York
Syngrapha epigaea ab. epigaella Strand, 1917; Archiv Naturg. 82 A (2) : 47, TL: United States
= ; [NACL, #8927]
Syngrapha epigaea, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Syngrapha epigaea, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Syngrapha epigaea, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Syngrapha epigaea ; [NACL, #8927]; [MNA25.1: 105, f. 47, pl. 3, f. 13, pl. 4, f. 14, pl. F, f. 7, pl. O, f. 5]; [NE10, 161]

Larva on Vaccinium spp., Vaccinium angustifolium, Kalmia angustifolia [MNA25.1, 105]


Syngrapha hochenwarthi (Hochenwarth, 1785)
-. See [About maps] Kupariyökkönen
Phalaena hochenwarthi Hochenwarth, 1785; Beitr. ins Berl. 6: 335, pl. 7, f. 2
Noctua divergens Fabricius, 1787; Mantissa Insectorum 2: 162, TL: Austria
Plusia hochenwarthi var. insignata Reuter, 1893; , TL: Enontekiö
Catoplusia hochenvarthi Hampson, 1913; Cat. Lepid. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 13 : 408 (unj. emend.)
Syngrapha hochenwarthi, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Syngrapha hochenwarthi, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Syngrapha hochenwarthi, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Syngrapha hochenwarthi ; [NE10, 161, 239]
[hochenwarthi.jpg] 500x531 (~47Kb) FINLAND: Li: Utsjoki, 775:50, m+f 9.7.1983, Markku Savela leg.

Larva on Astragalus alpinus, Solidago virgaurea, Plantago [NE10, 240]


Alps Syngrapha hochenwarthi hochenwarthi ; [NE10: 239, pl. 16, f. 21-23, gen. 260, 325]; Ronkay, Ronkay & Behounek, 2008, Witt Catalogue 1: 103
S. h. cuprina (Warren, 1913)
Caloplusia hochenwarthi cuprina Warren, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 3 : 34, pl. 64 a, TL: "Tura"
Syngrapha hochenwarthi cuprina ; [NE10, 161]; Ronkay, Ronkay & Behounek, 2008, Witt Catalogue 1: 104
fiS. h. lapponaris (Schulte, 1952)
N.Scandinavia Catoplusia hochenwarthi lapponaris Schulte, 1952; Ent. Zeitschr. 62: 121, TL: Sweden, Torne-Lappmark
Syngrapha hochenwarthi lapponaris ; [NE10: 240, pl. 16, f. 19, 20]; Ronkay, Ronkay & Behounek, 2008, Witt Catalogue 1: 104

Syngrapha ignea (Grote, 1864)
Alaska - Rocky Mountains, Cascades (Washingon, Oregon), California (Sierra Nevada). See [About maps] Plusia ignea Grote, 1864; Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. 2 : 274, TL: Pikes Peak, Colorado
Syngrapha ignea, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Syngrapha ignea, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Syngrapha ignea, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Syngrapha ignea ; [NACL, #8949]; [MNA25.1: 113, f. 2d-f, 54, pl. 3, f. 28-30, pl. 4, f. 15, pl. G, 5, pl. P, f. 5]; [NE10, 161]

Larva on (reared) Vaccinium sp., Salix [MNA25.1, 114]

S. i. simulans (McDunnough, 1944)
Labrador, N.Quebec Caloplusia ignea var. simulans McDunnough, 1944; Mem. So. Calif. Acad. Sci., 2: 179, TL: Rocky Bay, Labrador
= Syngrapha ignea (Grote, 1864); [MNA25.1, 113]
Syngrapha ignea simulans ; [NACL, #8949a]
Misidentified/misapplied:
hochenwarthi Hochenwarth, 1785; auth.

Syngrapha alaica (Galvagni, 1906)
Plusia hochenworthi[sic] var. alaica Galvagni, 1906; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 56 : 82, TL: Alai Mts.
Syngrapha hochenwarthi alaina[sic] ; [NE10, 161 (missp.?)]
Syngrapha alaica alaica ; Ronkay, Ronkay & Behounek, 2008, Witt Catalogue 1: 104
S. a. kardongi Ronkay, Ronkay & Behounek, 2008
Syngrapha alaica kardongi Ronkay, Ronkay & Behounek, 2008; Witt Catalogue 1: 105

fiSyngrapha interrogationis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Iceland, EU, Siberia, Alaska, Canada. See [About maps] Kysymysmerkkiyökkönen Scarce Silver Y
Phalaena interrogationis Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 513, TL: Europe
Noctua aemula Fabricius, 1787; Mantissa Insectorum 2: 162 (preocc. Noctua aemula Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775), TL: Austria
= ; [NACL, #8937]
Phalaena conscripta Hübner, 1790; Beitr. Ges. Schmett. 2 (2): 52 (repl. Noctua aemula Fabricius, 1787), TL: Austria
Noctua subpurpurina Haworth, 1802; Prodr. Lep. Brit.: 16 (nom.nud.), TL: Great Britain
Phalaena aurosignata Donovan, 1808; Nat. Hist. Br. Ins.: 43, 13: pl. 453, f. 1, TL: Great Britain
= ; [NACL, #8937]
Plusia interrogationis var. gamma-argentina Stephens, 1850; List. Spec. Br. Anim. Colln Br. Mus. 5 (Lepidoptera): 144 (nom.nud.), TL: Great Britain
Plusia interrogationis var. rosea Tutt, 1892; Brit. Noctuae Var. 4: 36, TL: Great Britain
Plusia borealis Reuter, 1893; Acta Soc. F. F. Fenn. 9 (6): 57, TL: Finland, Tetrina
= ; [NACL, #8937]
Plusia epsilon Ottolengui, 1900; in Dyar, Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 2 : 494, TL: Kodiak, Alaska
= ; [MNA25.1, 106]
Plusia interrogationis ab. flammifera Hoyningen-Huene, 1901; Berl. Ent. Zs. 46 : 313, TL: Estonia
Autographa zeta Ottolengui, 1902; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 10 : 70, pl. 6, f. 1, TL: Calgary, Northwest Territory [now Alberta]
= ; [MNA25.1, 106]
Plusia interrogationis ab. aureomaculata Vorbrodt, 1912; Die Schmett. Schweiz 1 : 426, TL: Switzerland
Syngrapha interrogationis ab. orbata Warren, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 3 : 346
Syngrapha interrogationis ab. ignifera Warren, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 3 : 346, TL: Livonia [Estonia/Latvia]
Syngrapha interrogationis ab. cinerea Warren, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 3 : 346, TL: Pyrenees
Syngrapha interrogationis ab. gammifera Warren, 1913; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 3 : 346, TL: Europe
Syngrapha pyrenaica Hampson, 1913; Cat. Lepid. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 13 : 428, pl. 236, f. 21, TL: Gavarnie, Pyrenees
Syngrapha interrogationis ab. annulata Strand, 1917; Archiv Naturg. 82 A (2) : 47
Syngrapha interrogationis ab. conflues Strand, 1917; Archiv Naturg. 82 A (2) : 48
Syngrapha interrogationis ab. simplex Strand, 1917; Archiv Naturg. 82 A (2) : 48, TL: Europe; East Siberia
Plusia interrogationis ab. aureoviridis Wagner, 1926; Z. Öst. Ent.-Ver. Wien 11: 26, TL: Tyrol [Australia]
Syngrapha interrogationis f. magnifica Rangnow, 1935; Ent. Rdsch. 53 (2): 21, TL: "Lappland"
Syngrapha interrogationis norrlandica Schulte, 1956; Ent. Zeitschr. 66: 145, TL: Sweden[?], Rovaniemi[?]
Syngrapha flammifera Chou & Lu, 1979; Entomotaxonomia 1: 18, TL: Estonia
= ; [MNA25.1, 106]
Syngrapha interrogationis, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Syngrapha interrogationis, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Syngrapha interrogationis, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Syngrapha interrogationis, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Syngrapha interrogationis, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Syngrapha interrogationis, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Syngrapha interrogationis, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Syngrapha octoscripta epsilon ; [NACL, #8926d]
Syngrapha octoscripta zeta ; [NACL, #8926b]
Syngrapha interrogationis ; [NACL, #8937]; [MNA25.1: 106, f. 48, pl. 3, f. 14-16, pl. F, f. 8, pl. ), f. 6]; [NE10: 244, pl. 16, f. 28-34, gen. 265, 330]
[interrogationis-1.jpg] 1175x881 (~191Kb) Finland: Vaala, Oulujärvi, Manamansalo, Pantioniemi, 18.8.2006, Photo © Harri Arkkio [interrogationis.jpg] 500x593 (~51Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 671:53, m 2.7.1983, f 6.7.1970, Markku Savela leg.

Larva on Betula sp., B. nana, Calluna vulgaris, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. uliginosum, Andromeda polifolia


Syngrapha interrogationis interrogationis ; Ronkay, Ronkay & Behounek, 2008, Witt Catalogue 1: 109
S. i. transbaikalensis (Staudinger, 1892)
Plusia interrogationis var. transbaikalensis Staudinger, 1892; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 5 (2) : 371, TL: Kentei Mts.
Syngrapha interrogationis ab. transbaicalensis Hampson, 1913; Cat. Lepid. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 13 : 431 (unj. emend.)
Syngrapha gilarovi Klyuchko, 1983; Zoologicheski Zhurnal 62 (2): 354, f. a-b, TL: W.Kamchatck, Bostonchnaya Kamchatka
= ; Ronkay, Ronkay & Behounek, 2008, Witt Catalogue 1: 110
Syngrapha gilarovi ; [NE10, 161]
Syngrapha interrogationis transbaikalensis ; Ronkay, Ronkay & Behounek, 2008, Witt Catalogue 1: 110
S. i. herschelensis (Benjamin, 1933)
Autographa interrogationis herschelensis Benjamin, 1933; Pan-Pacif. Ent. 9: 61, TL: Herschel Island, Yukon
Syngrapha interrogationis herschelensis ; [NACL, #8937a]
Misidentified/misapplied:
altera Ottolengui, 1902; Gibson, 1920

fiSyngrapha microgamma (Hübner, [1823])
Fennoscandia, Baltia, Poland, N.European Russia, C.Asia (mountains), Kamchatka. See [About maps] Keltahopeayökkönen Moorgoldeule
Noctua microgamma Hübner, [1823]; Samml. eur. Schmett. [4] : pl. 151, f. 698-699, TL: Europe
Plusia microgamma var. incompleta Reuter, 1893; Acta Soc. F. F. Fenn. 9 (6): 59, TL: Finland, Sammatti
Syngrapha microgamma ab. v-notata Strand, 1917; Archiv Naturg. 82 A (2) : 47, TL: Europe
Syngrapha microgamma arctica Rangnow, 1935; Ent. Rdsch. 53 (2): 21 (preocc. Plusia interrogationis var. arctica Möschler, 1884), TL: "Lappland"
Syngrapha microgamma f. nigroviolacea Rangnow, 1935; , TL: "Lappland"
Syngrapha microgamma, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Syngrapha microgamma, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Syngrapha microgamma, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Syngrapha microgamma, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Syngrapha microgamma, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Syngrapha microgamma ; [NACL, #8946 (extralim.)]; [MNA25.1: 119, f. 61, pl. 3, f. 48-49, pl. 4, f. 17, pl. H, f. 2, pl. Q, f. 4]; [NE10: 242, pl. 16, f. 35-40, gen. 262, 327]; Ronkay, Ronkay & Behounek, 2008, Witt Catalogue 1: 108
[microgamma.jpg] 500x575 (~45Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, m+f 27.6.1970, Markku Savela leg.

Larva on Betula nana, Salix repens, Vaccinium uliginosum, Ledum palustre


S. m. nearctica Ferguson, 1955
Labrador, Quebec - Yukon, Michigan, Wisconsin, Alberta, British Columbia, Colorado Syngrapha microgamma r. nearctica Ferguson, 1955; Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 50: 25, TL: Prospect Road, Goodwood, Halifax Co., Nova Scotia
Syngrapha microgamma nearctica ; [NACL, #8946a]

Larva on Ledum groenlandicum, Cassandra calyculata, Vaccinium spp. [MNA25.1, 120]


Syngrapha montana (Packard, 1869)
Labrador, Nova Scotia, maine, New Hampshire, N.Michigan, Quebec - Saskatchewan, Alaska. See [About maps] Plusia montana Packard, 1869; Guide to the study of insects (?9th edn.): 313, TL: Mt. Washington, New Hampshire
Syngrapha montana, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Syngrapha montana ; [NACL, #8945]; [MNA25.1: 120, f. 62, pl. 3, f. 50-51, pl. 4, f. 18, pl. H, f. 3, pl. Q, f. 5]; [NE10, 161]

Larva on Ledum groenlandicum [MNA25.1, 121]


Syngrapha octoscripta (Grote, 1874)
Alaska, W.Canada, S.Canada - to (Wisconin, N.Ohio, E.Pennsylvania, New Jersey). See [About maps] Plusia 8-scripta Grote, 1874; Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 2 : 31, TL: Anticosti Island, Quebec
Autographa magnifica Ottolengui, 1919; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 27 : 124, TL: Uncluelet, Vancouver Island, British Columbia
= ; [MNA25.1, 103]
Syngrapha octoscripta, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Syngrapha octoscripta, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Syngrapha octoscripta, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Syngrapha octoscripta magnifica ; [NACL, #8926c]
Syngrapha octoscripta ; [NACL, #8926]; [MNA25.1: 102, f. 2g, 44, pl. 3, f. 6-8, pl. 4, f. 13, pl. F, f. 4, pl. O, f. 2]; [NE10, 161]

Larva on Vaccinium spp. [MNA25.1, 103]


Syngrapha orophila (Hampson, 1908)
British Columbia, NW.Wyoming, Washington, Idaho, Oregon. See [About maps] Plusia orophila Hampson, 1908; Can. Ent. 40 (3) : 104, TL: Brobokton Creek, Alberta
Syngrapha orophila, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Syngrapha orophila, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Syngrapha orophila, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Syngrapha orophila ; [NACL, #8930]; [MNA25.1: 112, f. 52, pl. 3, f. 25, pl. G, f. 3, pl. P, f. 3]; [NE10, 161]

Larva on Vaccinium sp. [MNA25.1, 112]


Syngrapha ottolenguii (Dyar, 1903)
Aleutians (Attu), Japan, NE.China - Magadan, Kamchatka. See [About maps] Autographa ottolenguii Dyar, 1903; Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 201 (repl. Autographa arctica Ottolenguii, 1902)
Autographa arctica Ottolengui, 1902; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 10 : 66, pl. 6, f. 11 (preocc. Plusia interrogationis var. arctica Möschler, 1884), TL: Alter [Attu] Islands, Alaska
Syngrapha sachalinensis Matsumura, 1925; J. Coll. Agric. Hokkaido imp. Univ. 15 : 148, pl. 8, f. 8, TL: Ichinosawa, South Sakhalin
= ; [MNA25.1, 102]
Syngrapha alpina Ichinose, 1963; Tinea, 6: 59, pl. 9, f. 1, TL: Shirouma-Oike, Japan
= ; [MNA25.1, 102]
Syngrapha ottolenguii, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Autographa ottolenguii ; [NACL, #8922]
Syngrapha ottolenguii ; Lafontaine, 1986, J. Lep. Soc. 40 (3): 158-162; [MNA25.1: 102, f. 43, pl. 3, f. 3-5, pl. F, f. 3, pl. O, f. 1]; [NE10, 161]
S. o. nyiwonis Matsumura, 1925
Sakhalin Syngrapha nyiwonis Matsumura, 1925; J. Coll. Agric. Hokkaido imp. Univ. 15 : 149, pl. 8, f. 22, TL: Nyiwo, North Sakhalin
= Syngrapha ottolenguii ; [MNA25.1, 102]
Syngrapha ottolenguii nyiwonis ; Ronkay, Ronkay & Behounek, 2008, Witt Catalogue 1: 111

fiSyngrapha parilis (Hübner, [1809])
Arctic Europe, Iceland, N.Siberia, coast (S.Greenland), Arctic America. See [About maps] Valkohopeayökkönen
Noctua parilis Hübner, [1809]; Samml. eur. Schmett. [4] : pl. 90, f. 422, TL: Europe
Plusia quadriplaga Walker, [1858]; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 12: 911, TL: Fraw Islands, Arctic North America
= ; [NACL, #8948]
Syngrapha parilis, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Syngrapha parilis, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Syngrapha parilis, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Syngrapha parilis, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Syngrapha parilis, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Syngrapha parilis ; [NACL, #8948]; [MNA25.1: 122, f. 64, pl. 3, f. 52-53, pl. H, f. 5, pl. Q, f. 7]; [NE10: 238, pl. 16, f. 24-27, gen. 261, 326]; Ronkay, Ronkay & Behounek, 2008, Witt Catalogue 1: 102
[parilis.jpg] 600x406 (~39Kb) FINLAND: Lk: Muonio, 754:36, m 7.7.1984, Markku Savela leg.

Larva on Betula, B. tortuosa, B. nana



Syngrapha rectangula (Kirby, 1837)
Newfoundland, Quebec, N.Ontario - Manitoba, New Jersey, N.Pennsylvania, S.Michigan, N.Wisconsin, North Carolina, Virginia, British Columbia, Alberta, Montana, N.Idaho, Cascades (Washington, Oregon). See [About maps] Plusia rectangula Kirby, 1837; in Richardson, Fauna Boreal Amer.: 306, TL: Canada
Plusia mortuorum Guenée, 1852; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 6 (Noct. 2) : 353, TL: New York
= ; [NACL, #8942]
Syngrapha rectangulata ab. demaculata Strand, 1917; Archiv Naturg. 82 A (2) : 47, TL: North America
Syngrapha rectangula, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Syngrapha rectangula, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Syngrapha rectangula, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Syngrapha rectangula, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Syngrapha rectangula ; [NACL, #8942]; [MNA25.1: 116, f. 58, pl. 3, f. 39-41, pl. G, f. 9, pl. Q, f. 1]; [NE10, 161]

Larva on Abies balsamea, Tsuga heterophylla, Picea glauca, Pseudotsuga menziesii [MNA25.1, 117]

S. r. nargenta (Ottolengui, 1919)
Autographa rectangula r. nargenta Ottolengui, 1919; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 27 : 122, TL: Kaslo, British Columbia
= Syngrapha rectangula (Kirby, 1837); [MNA25.1, 116]
Syngrapha rectangula nargenta ; [NACL, #8942a]

Syngrapha rilaecacuminum Varga & Ronkay, 1982
Bulgaria (Rila Mts.). See [About maps] Syngrapha devergens rilaecacuminum Varga & Ronkay, 1982; Acta zool. Hung. 2: 150, TL: Bulgaria, Rila Mts.
Syngrapha rilaecacuminum ; [NE10: 238, pl. 16, f. 14-18, gen. 259, 324]; Ronkay, Ronkay & Behounek, 2008, Witt Catalogue 1: 102

Syngrapha sackenii (Grote, 1877)
SW.Montana - NE.Utah, New Mexico, Colorado. See [About maps] Plusia sackenii Grote, 1877; Can. Ent. 9 (7) : 135, TL: Idaho Springs, Colorado
Plusia sackenii Grote, 1877; Bull. U.S. Geol. Surv. 3 (App.): 800, TL: Idaho Springs, Colorado
Plusia sackeni Smith, 1893; Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus. 44 : 257 (unj. emend.)
Syngrapha sacceni Hampson, 1913; Cat. Lepid. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 13 : 417 (unj. emend.)
Plusia snowii H. Edwards, 1884; Papilio 4 (3) : 44
= ; [MNA25.1, 112]
Plusia snowi Smith, 1893; : 257 (unj. emend.)
Syngrapha snovi Hampson, 1913; Cat. Lepid. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 13 : 418 (unj. emend.)
Syngrapha sackenii, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Syngrapha snowii ; [NACL, #8931]
Syngrapha sackenii ; [NACL, #8932]; [MNA25.1: 112, f. 53, pl. 3, f. 26-27, pl. G, f. 4, pl. P, f. 4]
Syngrapha sackeni ; [NE10, 161]

Syngrapha selecta (Walker, [1858])
Nova Scotia, Newfoundland - Alberta - NW.Canada, N.Michigan, Maine?, Minnesota?. See [About maps] Plusia selecta Walker, [1858]; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 12: 912, TL: St. Martin's Falls, Albany River, Hudson Bay, Ontario
Syngrapha selecta, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Syngrapha selecta, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Syngrapha selecta ; [NACL, #8928]; [MNA25.1: 104, f. 46, pl. 3, f. 11-12, pl. F, f. 6, pl. O, f. 4]; [NE10, 161]
Misidentified/misapplied:
viridisigma Grote, 1874; Smith, 1893

Syngrapha surena (Grote, 1882)
Newfoundland, Labrador, N.Saskatchewan, Alberta, Maine. See [About maps] Plusia surena Grote, 1882; Bull. U.S. Geol. Surv. 6 (3) : 585, TL: Orono, Maine
Syngrapha surena, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Syngrapha surena, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Syngrapha surena ; [NACL, #8938]; [MNA25.1: 109, f. 50, pl. 3, f. 19-20, pl. F, f. 10, pl. O, f. 8]; [NE10, 161]

Larva on Vaccinium spp. [MNA25.1, 109]


Syngrapha tibetana (Staudinger, 1895)
Plusia hochenwarthi var. tibetana Staudinger, 1895; Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 8 (2) : 329, TL: betwen Lob Noor and Kuku Noor
Syngrapha tibetana ; [NE10, 161]; Ronkay, Ronkay & Behounek, 2008, Witt Catalogue 1: 106

Syngrapha u-aureum (Guenée, 1852)
E.Manitoba - Quebec, Labrador, S.Greenland, Newfoundland, N.Maine, N.New Hampshire, N.New York. See [About maps] Plusia u-aureum Guenée, 1852; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 6 (Noct. 2) : 354, TL: "Dalecarlie [Sweden] [= error, Labrador?]
Plusia interrogationis var. grönlandica Staudinger, 1857; Stettin ent. Ztg 18 (7-9) : 306, TL: Greenland
= ; [NACL, #8936]
Plusia interrogationis var. arctica Möschler, 1884; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 34 : 296, TL: Labrador
= ; [NACL, #8936]
Autographa pallida Ottolengui, 1902; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 10 : 71, pl. 6, f. 7, TL: Newfoundland, Canada
= ; [MNA25.1, 109]
Syngrapha u-aureum, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Plusia interrogationis var. groenlandica ;
Syngrapha octoscripta pallida ; [NACL, #8926a]
Syngrapha u-aureum ; [NACL, #8936]; [MNA25.1: 108, f. 49, pl. 3, f. 17-18, pl. F, f. 9, pl. O, f. 7]; [NE10, 161]

Larva on Vaccinium spp. [MNA25.1, 109]

S. u. vaccinii (H. Edwards, 1886)
Plusia vaccinii H. Edwards, 1886; Ent. Amer. 2 : 170, TL: Mt. Washington, New Hampshire
= Syngrapha u-aureum ; [MNA25.1, 108]
Syngrapha u-aureum vaccinii ; [NACL, #8936a]

Syngrapha viridisigma (Grote, 1874)
Canada - to (Massachusetts, N.New York, Michigan, N.Washington), Rocky Mountains, Cascades (Oregon). See [About maps] Plusia viridisigma Grote, 1874; Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 2 : 73, TL: Quebec, Canada
Plusia viridisignata Grote, 1875; Can. Ent. 7 (11) : 205 (unn. emend.)
Syngrapha viridisigma, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Syngrapha viridisigma, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Syngrapha viridisigma, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Syngrapha viridisigma ; [NACL, #8929]; [MNA25.1: 103, f. 45, pl. 3, f. 9-10, pl. F, f. 5, pl. O, f. 3]; [NE10, 161]
Misidentified/misapplied:
selecta Walker, 1858; auth.

Larva on Picea glauca, Abies balsamea, Pseudotsuga menziesii [MNA25.1, 104]



2.6.2013 (31)

References:
[ALBERTA]
University of Alberta, E.H. Strickland Entomological Museum; Browse Entomology Collection
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[Bruce Walsh]
Bruce Walsh; e-mail: Bruce Walsh; The Moths of Southeastern Arizona; Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona
[GALEPS]
Moths and Butterflies of Georgia and the Southeastern United States; James K. Adams; Dept. of Natural Science, Dalton State College, Dalton, GA ; http://www.daltonstate.edu/galeps/index.htm
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[Harri Arkkio]
Finland; For the time being these pictures are only for this site. Other usage not allowed.
[Ian Kimber]
http://www.ukmoths.force9.co.uk/
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[MNA25.1]
Lafontaine & Poole; The Moths of America North of Mexico, 25.1; NOCTUOIDEA; Noctuidae, Plusiinae
[MPG]
North American Moth Photographers Group
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NE10]
Goater, Ronkay & Fibiger, 2003; Noctuidae Europaeae 10: 252pp; Catocalinae & Plusiinae
[NE12]
Fibiger, Ronkay, Yela & Zilli, 2010; Noctuidae Europeaea 12; Rivulinae - Euteliinae, and Micronoctuidae and Supplement to Volume 1-11
[NOCTS]
Noctuid Search; An Interactive Key to Identify the Noctuidae of North America; e-mail: Thomas D. Eichlin; e-mail: Scott A. Kinnee; Dennis E. Mayhew; Ronald E. Somerby; Charles S. Papp
[NORLEP]
Norges Sommerfugler
[PNWM]
Pacific Northwest Moths
[SVF]
Svenska fjärilar; Naturhistoriska riksmuseet; (Sweden)


Some related literature:
Aurivillius, 1890
Gölands Insektfauna. I. Lepidoptera. Hymenoptera Bihang K. svenska VetensAkad. Handl. 15 (4) (1) : 1-33, pl. 1-3
Barnes & Benjamin, 1923
Notes on aberrational names omitted from the Barnes and McDunnough Check List (Lepid.) Can. Ent. 55: 211-213
Beck, 1991
Taxonomische Änderungen bei den Noctuinae, Cuculliinae und Plusiinae Atalanta 22 (2/4): 175-232
Benjamin, 1933
Notes on Phalaenidae from Arctic America supplemented with material from high altitudes Pan-Pacif. Ent. 9: 53-62
Boisduval, 1829
Europaeorum Lepidopterorum Index Methodicus Eur. Lepid. Index Meth.: 103pp
Guenée in Boisduval & Guenée, 1852
Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Species Général des Lépidoptéres. Tome Sixiéme. Noctuélites. Tome 2 Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 6 (Noct. 2) : 1-443, Atlas (Noctuelites): pl. 1-24 (1858)
Chou & Lu, 1979
Two new genera and four new species of Plusiinae and revision of some of its known species (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Entomotaxonomia 1: 15-22
Donovan, 1808
The natural history of British insects; explaining them in their several states ... with the history of such minute insects as require investigation by the microscope Nat. Hist. Br. Ins. 1: 100pp, pl. 1-36 (1792), 2: 102pp, pl. 37-72 (1793), 3: 100pp, pl. 73-108 (1794), 4: 102pp, pl. 109-144 (1795), 5: 116pp, pl. 145-180 (1796), 6: 92pp, pl. 181-216 (1797), 7: 102pp, pl. 217-252 (1798), 8: 92pp, pl. 253-288 (1799), 9: 82pp, pl. 289-324 (1800), 10: 102pp, pl. 325-360 (1801), 11: 107pp, pl. 361-396 (1804), 12: 107pp, pl. 397-432 (1807), 13: 78pp, pl. 433-468 (1808), 14: 95pp, pl. 469-504 (1810), 15: 88pp, pl. 505-540 (1811), 16: 101pp, pl. 541-576 (1813)
Ottolengui in Dyar, 1900
Papers from the Harriman Alask Expedition. XII. Entomological Results (6): Lepidoptera Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci. 2 : 487-501
Dyar, 1903
A List of North American Lepidoptera and Key to the Literature of this Order of Insects Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 1-723
Eichlin & Cunningham, 1978
The Plusiinae (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) of America North of Mexico, emphasizing genitalic and larval morphology U.S. Dept. Agric. Tech. Bull. 1567: 1-222, fgs 1-227
H. Edwards, 1881
Description of some new species of North American moths Papilio 1 (6) : 100-101, pl. 2-3
H. Edwards, 1884
Some new forms of N. American moths Papilio 4 (3) : 43-48
H. Edwards, 1886
Apparently new forms of N. American Heterocera Ent. Amer. 2 : 165-171
Ferguson, 1955
A nearctic race of Syngrapha microgamma Hübner with remarks on the status of montana Packard (Lepidoptera: Phalaenidae) Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 50: 23-27
Galvagni, 1906
[Mitteilungen] Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 56 : 81-85
Grote, 1864
Additions to the catalogue of U.S. Lepidoptera, No. 3-5 Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. 2 : 30-32 (1863), : 64-68 (1863), : 273-276 (1863)
Grote, 1874
List of the Noctuidae of North America Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 2 : 1-77, 1pl
Grote, 1874
New species of North American Noctuidae Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1874 : 197-214
Grote, 1875
On North American species of Plusia Can. Ent. 7 (11) : 202-205
Grote, 1877
In Uhler, P.R. Report upon the insects collected by P.R. Uhler during the explorations of 1875, including monographs of the families Cydnidae and Saldae, and the Hemiptera collected by A.S. Packard, Jr., M.D.. Bull. U.S. Geol. Surv. 3 (App.)
Grote, 1877
A new Plusia allied to Hochenwarthi Can. Ent. 9 (7) : 135-136
Grote, 1882
New moths, principally collected by Mr. Roland Thaxter in Maine, with notes on noxious species and remarks on classification Bull. U.S. Geol. Surv. 6 (3) : 579-591
Hampson, 1908
Notes on Noctuidae Can. Ent. 40 (3) : 102-107
Hampson, 1913
Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the British Museum Cat. Lepid. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 13 : 1-609, pl. 222-239
Hoyningen-Huene, 1901
Aberrationen einiger estlandischere Eulen und Spanner Berl. Ent. Zs. 46 : 309-319, pl. 6
Hübner, 1790
Beiträge zur Geschichte der Schmetterlinge, Band 2 (1789) Theil 1-4 Beitr. Ges. Schmett. 2 (1): [1-6], 7-31, [32], 4pls, (2): [33-35], 36-56, 4pls, (3): [57-59], 60-79, [80], 4pls, (4): [81-83], 84-100, 4pls, : [101-103], 104-128 (Nachtrag and suppl.), : [129-134] (index)
Hübner, [1809]; Hübner, [1813]; Hübner, [1823]
Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge. IV. Noctuae - Eulen ("Dritte Band") Samml. eur. Schmett. [4] : 155-194, : pl. 1-74, f. 1-345 (1800-1803), : pl. 75-86, f. 346-405 (1803-1808), : pl. 87-96, f. 406-455 (1808-1809), : pl. 97-134, f. 456-615 (1809-1813), : pl. 135-139, f. 616-638 (1814-1817), : pl. 140-141, f. 639-647 (1818-1819), : pl. 142-150, f. 648-697 (1819-1822), : pl. 151, f. 698-703 (1823), : pl. 152-156, f. 704-732 (1823-1824), : pl. 157, f. 733-736 (1825-1826), : pl. 158-160, f. 737-752 (1827-1828), : pl. 161-162, f. 753-765 (1828-1830), : pl. 163-169, f. 766-802 (1828-1832), : pl. 170-171, f. 803-812 (1832-1833), : pl. 172-176, f. 813-839 (1834), : pl. 177-179, f. 840-853 (1834-1835), : pl. 180, f. 854-858 (1834-1835), : pl. 181, f. 859-863 (1836), : pl. 182, f. 864-868 (1836-1838), : pl. 183, f. 869-873 (1837-1838), : pl. 184-185, f. 874-882 (1838), : [7], 8-24 (1834?)
Hübner, [1821]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Ichinose, 1963
A new species belonging to the genus Syngrapha from Japan (Noctuidae, Plusiinae) Tinea, 6: 59-62, 1pl
Kirby, 1837
Fauna Boreali-Americana or the Zoology of the northern parts of British America in Richardson, Fauna Boreal Amer.: 325pp, 8pls
Klyuchko, 1983
New data on taxonomy of he genus Syngrapha (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) Zoologicheski Zhurnal 62 (2): 354-360 (in Russian)
Lafontaine, 1986
Identity of "Autographa" ottolenguii Dyar and occurrence of Autographa buraetica (Staudinger) in North America J. Lep. Soc. 40 (3): 158-163
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Matsumura, 1925
An ennumeration of the butterflies and moths from Saghalien, with descriptions of new species and subspecies J. Coll. Agric. Hokkaido imp. Univ. 15 : 83-196, pl. 8-11
McDunnough, 1944
Revision of the North American genera and species of the Phalaenid subfamily Plusiinae Mem. So. Calif. Acad. Sci., 2: 175-232, 6pls
Möschler, 1884
Die Nordamerika und Europa gemeinsam angehörenden Lepidopteren Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 34 : 273-320
Ottolengui, 1902
Plusia and allied genera with descriptions of new species J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 10 : 57-77, pl. 6-9
Ottolengui, 1919
Notes on the Plusiinae, with description of new species and races J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 27 : 117-126
Rangnow, 1935
Neue Lepidopteren aus Lappland Ent. Rdsch. 53 (2): 21-22
Reuter, 1893
Förteckning öfver Macrolepidoptera fauna i Finland Acta Soc. F. F. Fenn. 9 (6): 85pp
Ronkay, Ronkay & Behounek, 2008; Ronkay, Ronkay, Behounek & Mikkola in Ronkay, Ronkay & Behounek, 2008
A Taxonomic Atlas of the Eurasian and North African Noctuoidea. Plusiinae I Witt Catalogue 1: -
Schulte, 1952
Caloplusia hochenwarthi Hochenw. ssp. lapponaris M. ssp. n. Ent. Zeitschr. 62: 121-133, 1pl
Schulte, 1956
Syngrapha (= Plusia) interrogationis norrlandica m. ssp. nov. Ent. Zeitschr. 66: 145-146
Warren in Seitz, 1913
Die Gross-Schmetterlinge des Palaearktischen Faunengebietes. 3. Die eulenartigen Nacthfalter Gross-Schmett. Erde 3 : 1-511, pl. 1-75
Smith, 1891
Notes on some Noctuidae, with descriptions of new genera and species Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 18 : 103-135, 1pl
Smith, 1893
A Catalogue Bibliographical and Synonymical of the Species of Moths of the Lepidopterous Superfamily Noctuidae found in Boreal America Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus. 44 : 1-424
Staudinger, 1857
Beitrag zur Lepidopteren-Faun Grönland's Stettin ent. Ztg 18 (7-9) : 299-308
Staudinger, 1892
Lepidopteren des Kentei-Gebirges Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 5 (2) : 300-393
Staudinger, 1895
Beschreibungen neuer Lepidopteren aus Tibet Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 8 (2) : 300-343 (1896)
Stevens, Carolin & Stein, 1983
Lepidoptera associated with western spruce budworm in the southwestern United States J. Lep. Soc. 37 (2): 129-139
Strand, 1917
Neue Aberrationen der Noctuiden-Subfamilien Hadeninae, Erastriinae, Catocalinae, Mominae und Phytometrinae Archiv Naturg. 82 A (2) : 28-50
Varga & Ronkay, 1982
Syngrapha devergens rilaecacuminum ssp. nova -- eine neue Unterart aus bulgarisches Hochgebirgen (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Acta zool. Hung. 2: 127-131
Vorbrodt, 1912
Die Schmetterlinge der Schweiz. I. Band Die Schmett. Schweiz 1 : 1-489
Walker, [1858]
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 9: 1-252 (1856), 10: 253-492 ([1857]), 11: 493-764 (1857), 12: 765-982 ([1858]), 13: 983-1236 ([1858]), 14: 1237-1520 (1858), 15: 1521-1888 (1858)


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.