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Orthosia Ochsenheimer, 1816
Orthosia Ochsenheimer, 1816; Schmett. Eur. 4 : 79, TS: Noctua instabilis Denis & Schiffermüller
Orthoa Billberg, 1820; Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb. : 85, TS: Noctua instabilis Denis & Schiffermüller
= ; [POOLE]
Monima Hübner, [1821]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (15): 229, TS: Noctua miniosa Denis & Schiffermüller
= ; [NACL, 150]; [POOLE]
Cuphanoa Hübner, [1821]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (15): 230, TS: Noctua stabilis Denis & Schiffermüller
= ; [NACL, 150]; [POOLE]
Semiophora Stephens, 1829; Ill. Br. Ent. (Haustellata) 2 (2): 138, TS: Phalaena gothica Linnaeus
= ; [NACL, 150]; [POOLE]
Taeniocampa Guenée, 1839; Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 8 : 477, TS: Noctua stabilis Denis & Schiffermüller
= ; [POOLE]
Cyphonoa Agassiz, [1847]; Nom. zool. (Index univ.) : 108 (unj. emend. Cuphanoa Hübner, [1821])
= ; [POOLE]
Euchoristea Warren, 1910; in Seitz, Grosschmett. Erde 3 : 93, TS: Apamea limbata Butler
= ; [POOLE]
Ancata Capuse, 1958; Polskie Pismo ent. 28: 167, TS: Phalaena gothica Linnaeus
= ; [POOLE]
Anacta Kristensen, 1966; (missp.)
Cororthosia Berio, 1980; Ann. Mus. nat. Giacomo Doria 83: 8, 17, TS: Noctua gracilis [Schiffermüller]
= ; [POOLE]
Microrthosia Berio, 1980; Ann. Mus. nat. Giacomo Doria 83: 8, 17, TS: Noctua cruda [Schiffermüller]
= ; [POOLE]
Cyphona ; [POOLE, 741 (missp.)]
Euchorista ; [POOLE, 741 (missp.)]
Taeniocampa ; Godman & Salvin, 1889, Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 288
Orthosia (Hadenini) ; [NACL, 150]
Orthosia (Hadeninae) ; [POOLE]
Orthosia (Orthosiini) ; [NE5, 23]


[sp-1.jpg] 901x431 (~90Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 11.4.2008, Photo © D. Smirnov

The exact identification of this species is still unknown, but tentatively assumed to belong into this group.


The incerta species-group
incerta ; [NE5, 24]

fiOrthosia incerta (Hufnagel, 1766)
EU. See [About maps] Muunteleva raitayökkönen Clouded Drab Variable Kätzcheneule
Phalaena incerta Hufnagel, 1766; Berlin. Magazin, 3 (3) : 298, TL: Berlin region
Noctua instabilis [Schiffermüller], 1775; Ankündung eines systematischen Werkes von den Schmetterlingen der Wienergegend: 76, TL: Vienna region
= ; [POOLE]
Phalaena (Noctua) collinita Esper, 1790; Die Schmett., Th. IV, Bd. 1 (41): pl. 152, f. 6 (Noct. 73), TL: Tyrol
= ; [POOLE]
Phalaena (Noctua) collinita Esper, 1804; Die Schmett., Th. IV, Bd. 2 (Abs. 1) (52): 505
Phalaena (Noctua) contracta Esper, 1790; Die Schmett., Th. IV, Bd. 1 (40): pl. 151, f. 2
= ; [POOLE]
Phalaena (Noctua) trigutta Esper, 1790; Die Schmett., Th. IV, Bd. 1 (40): pl. 147, f. 4 (Noct. 68)
= ; [POOLE]
Phalaena (Noctua) trigutta Esper, [1803]; Die Schmett., Th. IV, Bd. 2 (Abs. 1) (51): 474
= Phalaena instabilis ; Esper, [1803], Die Schmett., Th. IV, Bd. 2 (Abs. 1) (51): 474
Bombyx angustus Haworth, 1803; Lepid. Britannica (1): 122, TL: England
= ; [POOLE]
Bombyx fuscatus Haworth, 1803; Lepid. Britannica (1): 122, TL: Great Britain
= ; [POOLE]
Bombyx nebulosus Haworth, 1803; Lepid. Britannica (1): 120, TL: England
= ; [POOLE]
Bombyx subsetaceous Haworth, 1803; Lepid. Britannica (1): 120, TL: Great Britain
= ; [POOLE]
Monima incerta f. subcarnea Warren, 1909; 91, pl. 22, row i
= ; [POOLE]
Monima incerta f. olivacea Warren, 1909; 92, pl. 22, row i, TL: Hautes Pyrenees, Cedre
= ; [POOLE]
Orthosia incerta, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Orthosia incerta, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Orthosia incerta, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Orthosia incerta ; [POOLE]; [NE5, 24]
[incerta-1.jpg] 500x486 (~36Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 671:53, m 22-28.4.1995, f 19-24.5.1985, Markku Savela leg. [incerta-2.jpg] 500x478 (~37Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 671:53, m 23-3.5.1973, f 22-28.4.1995, Markku Savela leg. [incerta-3.jpg] 483x552 (~86Kb) Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Schönenberg, Röhricht (8°49'E, 48°57'N, 230m), 22.03.2000, Photo © Karl Hofsäß
[incerta-4.jpg] 645x729 (~91Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 12.4.2008, Photo © D. Smirnov [incerta-5.jpg] 921x537 (~96Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 12.4.2008, Photo © D. Smirnov [incerta-6.jpg] 938x476 (~100Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 26.4.2008, Photo © D. Smirnov
[incerta-7a.jpg] 596x751 (~113Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 4.4.2010 (36°25'E, 56°23'N), Photo © D. Smirnov [incerta-7b.jpg] 554x734 (~103Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 17.4.2010 (36°25'E, 56°23'N), Photo © D. Smirnov

Larva on Betula spp., Quercus robur, Trifolium pratense, Vaccinium myrtillus, V. uliginosum, (killer larva) [SPRK]


O. i. incognita Sugi, 1955
Japan, ... Orthosia incerta incognita Sugi, 1955; 91, pl. 8, f. 2, TL: Kushiro, Shibecha
= Orthosia incerta ; [POOLE]
Orthosia incerta incognita ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia manfredi Hreblay, 1994
Orthosia manfredi ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia picata (Bang-Haas, 1912)
Taeniocampa incerta f. picata Bang-Haas, 1912; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 26 (3): 156, TL: Karagai-tau
Taeniocampa incerta var. pallida Staudinger, 1888; 32 (preocc. Noctua pallida Haworth, 1809), TL: Kuldja; Alexander Mountains; Margelan
= Orthosia incerta ; [POOLE]
Taeniocampa incerta var. pallidior Staudinger, 1901; 201 (preocc. Taeniocapma gracilis var. pallidior Staudinger, 1888), TL: Iberia; Fergana south; Issyk-kul
= Orthosia incerta ; [POOLE]
Orthosia picata ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia faqiri Hreblay & Plante, 1994
Orthosia faqiri ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia feda Hreblay & Plante, 1994
Orthosia feda ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia ariuna Hreblay, 1991
Orthosia ariuna ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia reshoefti Hreblay, 1994
Orthosia reshoefti ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia evanida (Butler, 1879)
Japan, .... See [About maps] Taeniocampa evanida Butler, 1879; 362, TL: Near Yokohama
instabilis (Leech, 1889)
Orthosia evanida ; [POOLE]; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia perfusca Sugi, 1986
Orthosia perfusca ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia aoyamensis (Matsumura, 1926)
Japan, .... See [About maps] Monima aoyamensis Matsumura, 1926; 13, pl. 1, f. 34, TL: Near Kutchn, Aoyama; Hokkaido, Sapporo
Orthosia aoyamensis ; [POOLE]; [NE5, 24]

The gracilis species-group
gracilis ; [NE5, 24]

fiOrthosia gracilis ([Schiffermüller], 1775)
EU. See [About maps] Kalpea raitayökkönen Powdered Quaker
Noctua gracilis [Schiffermüller], 1775; Ankündung eines systematischen Werkes von den Schmetterlingen der Wienergegend: 76, TL: Vienna region
Phalaena (Noctua) lepida Brahm, 1791; 270 (preocc. Phalaena lepida Esper, 1790)
= ; [POOLE]
Bombyx sparsus Haworth, 1803; Lepid. Britannica (1): 122, TL: Great Britain
= ; [POOLE]
Orthosia gracilis, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Orthosia gracilis, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Orthosia gracilis, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Orthosia gracilis ; [POOLE]; [NE5, 24]
[gracilis.jpg] 500x465 (~32Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 671:53, m 29-5.1995, f 13-19.5.1995, Markku Savela leg.

Larva on Myrica gale, Salix spp., S. repens, S. caprea, Thalictrum flavum, T. aquilegiifolium, Ribes nigrum, R. rubrum, Rubus idaeus, Filipendula ulmaria, Malus domestica, Cotoneaster sp., Prunus cerasus, P. padus, Trifolium pratense, Lysimachia vulgaris, Chrysanthemum vulgare, Artemisia absinthium, A. vulgaris, Cirsium arvense, Taraxacum vulgare [SPRK]


O. g. pallidior (Staudinger, 1888)
Xinjiang, ... Taeniocampa gracilis var. pallidior Staudinger, 1888; 32, TL: Kuldja [Xingjiang]
= Orthosia gracilis ; [POOLE]
Orthosia gracilis pallidior ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia ella (Butler, 1878)
Taeniocampa ella Butler, 1878; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 1 (2): 167, TL: Japan, Yokohama
Orthosia ella ; [POOLE]; [NE5, 24]
Orthosia (Cororthosia) ella ; [NE12, 183, pl. 14, f. 3-5]

fiOrthosia opima (Hübner, [1809])
EU. See [About maps] Sinertävä raitayökkönen
Noctua opima Hübner, [1809]; Samml. eur. Schmett. [4] : pl. 90, f. 424, TL: Europe
Noctua firma Hübner, [1822]; Samml. eur. Schmett. [4] : pl. 147, f. 676-677, TL: Europe
= ; [POOLE]
Orthosia opima, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Orthosia opima, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Orthosia opima, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Orthosia opima ; [POOLE]; [NE5, 24]
[opima.jpg] 500x480 (~36Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 671:53, m 13-19.5.1995; N: Helsinki, f 8.5.1969, Markku Savela leg.

Larva on Alnus incana, Salix spp., Rumex longifolius, R. crispus, Hypericum maculatum, Filipendula ulmaria, Trifolium pratense [SPRK]


The populeti species-group
populeti ; [NE5, 24]

fiOrthosia populeti (Fabricius, 1781)
EU. See [About maps] Haavan raitayökkönen Lead-coloured Drab
Bombyx populeti Fabricius, 1781; Spec. Ins. 2 : 201, TL: Norway
Phalaena Noctua populi Ström, 1783; 76 (preocc. Linnaeus, 1758), TL: Norway
= ; [POOLE]
Bombyx subplumbeus Haworth, 1803; Lepid. Britannica (1): 121, TL: Great Britain
= ; [POOLE]
Orthosia intermedia Stephens, 1829; 140, TL: [England] Richmond Park
= ; [POOLE]
Orthosia ocularis Freyer, 1833; 168, pl. 95, f. 2
= ; [POOLE]
Taeniocampa populeti var. tremuleti Tetens, 1876; 161, TL: Hamburg
= ; [POOLE]
Orthosia populeti, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Orthosia populeti, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Orthosia populeti, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Orthosia populeti ; [POOLE]; [NE5, 24]
[populeti-1a.jpg] 651x751 (~97Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 12.4.2008, Photo © D. Smirnov [populeti-1b.jpg] 873x478 (~87Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 12.4.2008, Photo © D. Smirnov [populeti-2.jpg] 673x836 (~101Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 18.4.2010 (36°25'E, 56°23'N), Photo © D. Smirnov
[populeti.jpg] 500x497 (~35Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 671:53, m 22-28.4.1995, f 6-13.5.1975, Markku Savela leg.

Larva on Populus, P. tremula [SPRK]


The miniosa species-group
miniosa ; [NE5, 24]

fiOrthosia miniosa ([Schiffermüller], 1775)
EU. See [About maps] Rusoraitayökkönen Blossom Underwing Rötliche Kätzcheneule
Noctua miniosa [Schiffermüller], 1775; Ankündung eines systematischen Werkes von den Schmetterlingen der Wienergegend: 88, TL: Vienna region
Bombyx rubricosa Esper, 1786; Die. Schmett., Th. III (28): 381, (27): pl. 75, f. 3-4, TL: Leipzig region
= ; [POOLE]
Orthosia miniosa, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Orthosia miniosa, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Orthosia miniosa, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Orthosia miniosa ; [POOLE]; [NE5, 24]
[miniosa-1.jpg] 475x545 (~72Kb) Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Ötisheim, Scharrkessel (8°49'E, 48°58'N, 310m), 01.04.2000, Photo © Karl Hofsäß [miniosa-2l.jpg] 456x428 (~59Kb) larva Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Mühlhausen, Galgenberg (8°53'E, 48°56'N, 260m), 24.05.1998, Photo © Karl Hofsäß

Larva on Quercus



Orthosia paromoea (Hampson, 1905)
Japan, .... See [About maps] Monima paromoea Hampson, 1905; Cat. Lepid. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 5: 429, pl. 90, f. 26, TL: Japan, Yokohama, Yesso
Orthosia paromoea ; [POOLE]; [NE5, 24]

The cerasi species-group
cerasi ; [NE5, 24]

fiOrthosia cerasi (Fabricius, 1775)
EU. See [About maps] Tammiraitayökkönen Common Quaker Rundflügel-Kätzcheneule Gemeine Kätzcheneule
Noctua cerasi Fabricius, 1775; Syst. Ent.: 600, TL: England and Germany
= Orthosia stabilis ; [POOLE]
Noctua stabilis [Schiffermüller], 1775; Ankündung eines systematischen Werkes von den Schmetterlingen der Wienergegend: 76, TL: Vienna region
Phalaena Bombyx obliqua Villers, 1798; 189, TL: Europ
= Orthosia stabilis ; [POOLE]
Bombyx junctus Haworth, 1809; Lepid. Britannica (1): 123, TL: Great Britain
= Orthosia stabilis ; [POOLE]
Noctua pallida Haworth, 1809; Lepid. Britannica (2): 242, TL: Great Britain
= Orthosia stabilis ; [POOLE]
Noctua rufannulata Haworth, 1809; Lepid. Britannica (2): 243, TL: Great Britain
= Orthosia stabilis ; [POOLE]
Orthosia cerasi, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Orthosia cerasi, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Orthosia cerasi, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Orthosia stabilis ; [POOLE]
Orthosia cerasi ; [NE5, 24]
[cerasi-1.jpg] 492x539 (~76Kb) Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Schönenberg, Siedlungsbereich (8°49'E, 48°57'N, 245m), 22.03.2000, Photo © Karl Hofsäß [cerasi-2.jpg] 607x653 (~82Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 11.4.2008, Photo © D. Smirnov [cerasi-3.jpg] 665x741 (~96Kb) Russia: Moscow area (36°25'E, 56°00'N), 25.4.2009, Photo © D. Smirnov
[cerasi.jpg] 500x292 (~20Kb) FINLAND: Al: Lemland, Flaka, 7.5.1954, Lingonblad leg.

Larva on Quercus robur, Hippophae rhamnoides [SPRK]



Orthosia cypriaca Hacker, [1997]
Orthosia cypriaca ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia dalmatica (Wagner, 1909)
SEEU. See [About maps] Taeniocampa stabilis var. dalmatica Wagner, 1909; Ent. Zeitschr. 23 : 18, TL: Dalmatia, around Zaras
= Orthosia stabilis ; [POOLE]
Orthosia dalmatica ; [NE5, 24]
O. d. ivani Gyulai, 1993
Orthosia dalmatica ivani ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia boursini Rungs, 1972
Morocco, .... See [About maps] Orthosia boursini Rungs, 1972; 676, pl. 1, f. 12, TL: Morocco, Moyen Atlas, Ifrane
Orthosia boursini ; [POOLE]; [NE5, 24]
O. b. rifana (Rungs, 1973)
Orthosia boursini rifana ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia imitabilis Hreblay, 1993
Orthosia imitabilis ; [NE5, 24]

The cruda species-group
cruda ; [NE5, 24]

fiOrthosia cruda ([Schiffermüller], 1775)
EU. See [About maps] Pikkuraitayökkönen Small Quaker Kleine Kätzcheneule
Noctua cruda [Schiffermüller], 1775; Ankündung eines systematischen Werkes von den Schmetterlingen der Wienergegend: 77, TL: Vienna region
Bombyx pulverulenta Esper, 1786; Die. Schmett., Th. III (28): 386, (27): pl. 76, f. 5-6, TL: Leipzig region
= ; [POOLE]
Bombyx nanus Haworth, 1803; Lepid. Britannica (1): 123, TL: Great Britain
= ; [POOLE]
Orthosia cruda, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Orthosia cruda, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Orthosia cruda, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Orthosia cruda ; [POOLE]; [NE5, 24]
[cruda-1.jpg] 561x681 (~100Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 13.4.2008, Photo © D. Smirnov [cruda-2U.jpg] identification uncertain 570x747 (~86Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 12.4.2008, Photo © D. Smirnov [cruda-3.jpg] 628x716 (~93Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 16.4.2010 (36°25'E, 56°23'N), Photo © D. Smirnov
[cruda.jpg] 500x501 (~32Kb) FINLAND: Al: Lemland, m 26.4.1968, M. Landtman leg.; Al: Lemland, f 3-5.5.1970, Sakari Kerppola leg.

Larva on Quercus robur, Lonicera xylosteum, (killer larva) [SPRK]


O. c. illustris Hreblay, 1993
Orthosia cruda illustris ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia sordescens Hreblay, 1993
Orthosia sordescens ; [NE5, 24]

The castanea species-group
castanea ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia castanea Sugi, 1986
Orthosia castanea ; [NE5, 24]

The fausta species-group
fausta ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia fausta Leech, 1889
Japan, .... See [About maps] Orthosia fausta Leech, 1889; 513, pl. 50, f. 2, TL: Japan, Yesso; Yokohama
Orthosia fausta ; [POOLE]; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia ijimai Sugi, 1955
Japan, .... See [About maps] Orthosia ijimai Sugi, 1955; 97, pl. 10, f. 18, TL: Iwate Pref., Morioka
Orthosia ijimai ; [POOLE]; [NE5, 24]

Larva on Prunus jedoensis ;Sugi, 1955, [POOLE]


The singularis species-group
singularis ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia singularis Hreblay & Ronkay, 1998
Orthosia singularis ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia grisescens Hreblay & Ronkay, 1998
Orthosia grisescens ; [NE5, 24]

The lizetta species-group
lizetta ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia lizetta Butler, 1878
Japan, .... See [About maps] Orthosia lizetta Butler, 1878; 167, TL: Yokohama
Monima stabilis japonica Warren, 1909; 91, pl. 22, row f
= ; [POOLE]
Monima constabilis Wileman, 1911; 394, TL: Japan
= ; [POOLE]
Monima nigrolinea Matsumura, 1926; 11, pl. 1, f. 22, TL: Hokkaido, Sapporo
= ; [POOLE]
Orthosia lizetta ; [POOLE]

Orthosia mediofusca Hreblay & Ronkay, 1999
Orthosia mediofusca ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia yoshizakii Sugi & Ohtsuka, 1984
Japan, .... See [About maps] Orthosia yoshizakii Sugi & Ohtsuka, 1984; 77, TL: Japan, Kyushu, Kumamoto Pref., Yabe-machi, Memaru
Orthosia yoshizakii ; [POOLE]; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia ussuriana Kononenko, 1988
Orthosia ussuriana ; [NE5, 24]

The alishana species-group
alishana ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia alishana Sugi, 1986
Orthosia alishana ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia huberti Hreblay & Ronkay, 1999
Orthosia huberti ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia coniortota (Filipjev, 1927)
Ussuri, .... See [About maps] Monima coniortota Filipjev, 1927; 251, TL: Ussuri region, Sutshan
Orthosia coniortota ; [POOLE]; [NE5, 24]

The lushana species-group
lushana ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia lushana Sugi, 1986
Orthosia lushana ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia nepalensis Yoshimoto, 1993
Orthosia nepalensis ; [NE5, 24]

The conspecta species-group
conspecta ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia conspecta (Wileman, 1914)
Taiwan Eriopyga conspecta Wileman, 1914; 163, TL: Formosa, Arizan
Cerapteryx conspecta ; [POOLE]
Orthosia conspecta ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia poecila (Draudt, 1950)
Yunnan, .... See [About maps] Cerapteryx poecila Draudt, 1950; Mitt. Münch. ent. Ges. 40 : 46, pl. 3, f. 20, TL: [Yunnan], Li-kiang
Cerapteryx poecila ; [POOLE]
Orthosia poecila ; [NE5, 24]
O. p. fumosa (Draudt, 1950)
Yunnan, ... Cerapteryx fumosa Draudt, 1950; Mitt. Münch. ent. Ges. 40 : 46, pl. 3, f. 21, TL: [Yunnan] A-tun-tse, Talsohle
Cerapteryx fumosa ; [POOLE]
Orthosia poecila fumosa ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia nigromaculata (Höne, 1917)
Japan, .... See [About maps] Monima nigromaculata Höne, 1917; 47, f. 2, TL: Japan, Kobe
Monima pfenningschmidti Püngeler, 1925; 232, TL: Japan, Jocohama
= ; [POOLE]
Orthosia nigromaculata ; [POOLE]; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia atriluna Ronkay & Ronkay, 2000
Orthosia atriluna ; [NE5, 24]

The nigrorenalis species-group
nigrorenalis ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia nigrorenalis (Hampson, 1894)
Sikkim, .... See [About maps] Leucania nigrorenalis Hampson, 1894; 277, TL: Sikkim
Orthosia nigrorenalis ; [POOLE]; [NE5, 24]

The albiceps species-group
albiceps ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia albiceps (Hampson, 1894)
Sikkim. See [About maps] Hadena albiceps Hampson, 1894; 203, TL: Sikkim
Cerapteryx albiceps ; [POOLE]
Orthosia albiceps ; [NE5, 24]

The carnipennis species-group
carnipennis ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia carnipennis (Butler, 1878)
Japan, .... See [About maps] Taeniocampa carnipennis Butler, 1878; 167, TL: Yokohama
Orthosia carnipennis ; [POOLE]; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia subcarnipennis (Haruta, 1992)
Orthosia subcarnipennis ; [NE5, 24]

The harutai species-group
harutai ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia harutai (Yoshimoto, 1993)
Orthosia harutai ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia macilenta Hreblay & Ronkay, 1998
Orthosia macilenta ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia malickyi (Hacker, 1993)
Orthosia malickyi ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia peregovitsi Hreblay & Ronkay, 1999
Orthosia peregovitsi ; [NE5, 24]

The odiosa species-group
odiosa ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia odiosa (Butler, 1878)
Japan, .... See [About maps] Agrotis odiosa Butler, 1878; 162, TL: Yokohama
Orthosia odiosa ; [POOLE]; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia kurosawai Sugi, 1986
Orthosia kurosawai ; [NE5, 24]

The gothica species-group
gothica ; [NE5, 24]

fiOrthosia gothica (Linnaeus, 1758)
EU. See [About maps] Tunnusraitayökkönen Hebrew Character
Phalaena gothica Linnaeus, 1758
Phalaena Noctua gothica Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 516, TL: Europe
Noctua nunatrum [Schiffermüller], 1775; Ankündung eines systematischen Werkes von den Schmetterlingen der Wienergegend: 78, TL: Vienna region
= ; [POOLE]
Orthosia gothicina Herrich-Schäffer, [1849]; Syst. Bearb. Schmett. Europ. 2 (37): 196, (15): (ix) pl. 26, f. 125-126, TL: [Germany]
= ; [POOLE]
Monima gothica yeterufica Bryk, 1942; 42, TL: Kurile Islands, Yeterofu, Shana
= ; [POOLE]
Orthosia gothica, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Orthosia gothica, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Orthosia gothica, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Orthosia gothica ; [POOLE]; [NE5, 24]
Orthosia (Semiophora) gothica ; [NE12, 183, pl. 14, f. 1-2]
[gothica-1.jpg] 500x522 (~40Kb) FINLAND: N: Helsinki, 667:39, m 30-1.5.1972; Ka: Virolahti, 671:53, f 10-15.5.1981, Markku Savela leg. [gothica-2.jpg] 500x497 (~40Kb) FINLAND: Ka: Virolahti, 671:53, m 6-12.5.1995, f 10-15.5.1981, Markku Savela leg. [gothica-3.jpg] 576x722 (~83Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 20.05.2007, Photo © D. Smirnov
[gothica-4m.jpg] 525x657 (~87Kb) male Russia, Moscow area, 11.4.2008, Photo © D. Smirnov [gothica-5m.jpg] 562x754 (~118Kb) male Russia, Moscow area, 16.4.2010 (36°25'E, 56°23'N), Photo © D. Smirnov

Larva on Polygonatum odoratum, Betula spp., alnus incana, Corylus avellana, Quercus robur, Salix sp., S. caprea, S. phylicifolia, Populus tremula, Humulus lupulus, Polygonum spp., P. aviculare, Rumex spp., R. crispus, Ranunculus auricomus, Saxifraga granulata, Ribes alpinum, R. nigrum, Rubus idaeus, Filipendula ulmaria, Sorbus aucuparia, Prunus padus, P. domestica, Lythrum salicaria, Chamaenerion angustifolium, Tilia platyphylla, Rhamnus frangula, Vaccinium myrtillus, Centaurea phrygia, Hieracium sp. [SPRK]


[gothica-stats.gif]
O. g. jezoensis (Matsumura, 1926)
Monima jezoensis Matsumura, 1926; 11, pl. 1, f. 21, TL: Hokkaido, Sapporo
= Orthosia gothica ; [POOLE]
Orthosia gothica jezoensis ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia askoldensis (Staudinger, 1892)
Askold I. Taeniocampa gothica var. askoldensis Staudinger, 1892; 496, TL: Askold
= Orthosia gothica ; [POOLE]
Orthosia askoldensis ; [NE5, 24]
O. a. turpika Hreblay, 1991
Orthosia askoldensis turpika ; [NE5, 24]

The limbata species-group
limbata ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia limbata (Butler, 1879)
Japan, .... See [About maps] Apamea limbata Butler, 1879; 360, TL: Near Yokohama
Orthosia limbata ; [POOLE]; [NE5, 24]
O. l. himalaya Hreblay & Ronkay, 1998
Orthosia limbata himalaya ; [NE5, 24]
O. l. atrata Hreblay & Ronkay, 1998
Orthosia limbata atrata ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia reticulata Yoshimoto, 1994
Orthosia reticulata ; [NE5, 24]
O. r. fuscovestita Hreblay & Ronkay, 1998
Orthosia reticulata fuscovestita ; [NE5, 24]

The cedermarki species-group
cedermarki ; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia cedermarki (Bryk, 1949)
Korea, .... See [About maps] Erythrotis cedermarki Bryk, 1949; 78, TL: Korea, Shuotsu
Orthosia cedermarki ; [POOLE]; [NE5, 24]

Orthosia satoi Sugi, 1960
Japan, .... See [About maps] Orthosia satoi Sugi, 1960; 328, f. 1-2, TL: Japan, near Tokyo, Chofu
Orthosia satoi ; [POOLE]; [NE5, 24]

The "NA" species-group

Orthosia erythrolita (Grote, 1879)
California, .... See [About maps] Graphiphora erythrolita Grote, 1879; 208, TL: California, Yosemite; Big Trees
Stretchia apicata Smith, 1911; 147, TL: California, San Diego
= ; [POOLE]; [NACL, #10477]
Stretchia acutangula Smith, 1911; J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 19 (3) : 147, TL: California, San Diego
= ; [POOLE]; [NACL, #10477]
erythrolitoides (Strand, 1917)
= ; [NACL, #10477]
Orthosia erythrolita, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Orthosia erythrolita, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Orthosia erythrolita, Noctuid Search (record) [NOCTS]
Orthosia erythrolita, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
acutuangula ; [POOLE, 741 (missp.)]
Orthosia erythrolita ; [NACL, #10477]; [POOLE]

Orthosia pulchella (Harvey, 1876)
California, ..... See [About maps] Graphiphora pulchella Harvey, 1876; 54, TL: California
Taeniocampa addenda Smith, 1890; 122, TL: California
= ; [NACL, #10478]; [POOLE]
orbiculata (Smith, 1911); (form)
= ; [NACL, #10478]
Perographa[sic] palomarensis Hill, 1924; 186, pl. 3, f. 16, TL: California, San Diego Co., Nellie
= ; [NACL, #10478]; [POOLE]
Orthosia pulchella, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Orthosia pulchella, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Orthosia pulchella, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Orthosia pulchella, Noctuid Search (record) [NOCTS]
Orthosia pulchella ; [NACL, #10478]; [POOLE]
O. p. achsha (Dyar, 1904)
British Columbia, ... Perigrapha achsha Dyar, 1904; 32, TL: British Columbia, Kaslo
= Orthosia pulchella ; [POOLE]
Stretchia algula Smith, 1911; British Columbia, Arrowhead Lake
= Orthosia pulchella ; [POOLE]
= ; [NACL, #10478a]
Orthosia pulchella achsha ; [NACL, #10478a]
O. p. hepatica (Barnes & McDunnough, 1911)
Arizona, ... Monima hepatica Barnes & McDunnough, 1911; 156, TL: Arizona, Redington
= Orthosia pulchella ; [POOLE]
Orthosia pulchella hepatica, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Orthosia pulchella hepatica ; [NACL, #10478b]

Orthosia transparens (Grote, 1882)
California, ..., Washington, .... See [About maps] Perigrapha transparens Grote, 1882; 582, TL: Washington Territory
Orthosia hamifera Grote, 1888; 130, TL: California
= ; [NACL, #10479]; [POOLE]
Taeniocampa fringata Smith, 1908; 104, TL: California, Monterey Co.
= ; [POOLE]; [NACL, #10479]
Orthosia transparens, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Orthosia transparens, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Orthosia transparens, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Orthosia transparens, Noctuid Search (record) [NOCTS]
Orthosia transparens ; [NACL, #10479]; [POOLE]

Orthosia praeses (Grote, 1879)
California, ..., British Columbia. See [About maps] Perigrapha praeses Grote, 1879; 202, TL: [California] Sauzalito
Taeniocampa saleppa Smith, 1907; 132, TL: British Columbia, Wellington
= ; [NACL, #10480]; [POOLE]
Perigrapha praeses f. stigmata Barnes & Benjamin, 1924; 129, TL: Vancouver Island, Duncans
= ; [NACL, #10480]; [POOLE]
Orthosia praeses, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Orthosia praeses, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Orthosia praeses, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Orthosia praeses, Noctuid Search (record) [NOCTS]
Orthosia praeses ; [NACL, #10480]; [POOLE]

Larva on Spiraea douglasi, Holodiscus discolor, Sambucus, Photinia arbutifolia ;Godfrey, 1972, [POOLE]


Orthosia mys (Dyar, 1903)
California, .... See [About maps] Stretchia mys Dyar, 1903; 294, TL: California, Sonoma Co.
Orthosia mys, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Orthosia mys, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Orthosia mys, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Orthosia mys, Noctuid Search (record) [NOCTS]
Orthosia mys ; [NACL, #10481]; [POOLE]
O. m. caloramica (Barnes & McDunnough, 1911)
Arizona, ... Monima caloramica Barnes & McDunnough, 1911; 156, TL: Arizona, Redington
= Orthosia mys ; [POOLE]
Monima agravens Barnes & McDunnough, 1911; 157, TL: Arizona, Prescott
= ; [NACL, #10481a]
= Orthosia mys ; [POOLE]
Orthosia mys caloramica, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Orthosia mys caloramica ; [NACL, #10481a]

Orthosia ferrigera (Smith, 1894)
British Columbia, ..., California, .... See [About maps] Taeniocampa ferrigera Smith, 1894; 78, pl. 5, f. 6, TL: [British Columbia] Vancouver
Perigrapha puncticostata strigatteria Hill, 1923; 17, pl. f., TL: California, San Diego
= ; [NACL, #10482]; [POOLE]
Perigrapha puncticostata Dyar, 1921; 138, TL: California, San Diego
= ; [NACL, #10482]; [POOLE]
Orthosia ferrigera, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Orthosia ferrigera, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Orthosia ferrigera, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Orthosia ferrigera, Noctuid Search (record) [NOCTS]
Orthosia ferrigera ; [NACL, #10482]; [POOLE]

Larva on Quercus garryana ;Godfrey, 1972, [POOLE]


Orthosia johnstoni McDunnough, 1943
California, .... See [About maps] Orthosia johnstoni McDunnough, 1943; 55, TL: California, Napa Co., Mt. St. Helena
Orthosia johnstoni ; [POOLE]; [NACL, #10483]

Orthosia terminata (Smith, 1888)
California, .... See [About maps] Taeniocampa terminata Smith, 1888; 475, TL: Southern California
Orthosia terminata, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Orthosia terminata, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Orthosia terminata, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Orthosia terminata, Noctuid Search (record) [NOCTS]
Orthosia terminata, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Orthosia terminata ; [NACL, #10484]; [POOLE]

Orthosia behrensiana (Grote, 1875)
California, .... See [About maps] Graphiphora behrensiana Grote, 1875; 71, TL: [California] Sauzalito
Orthosia behrensiana, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Orthosia behrensiana, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Orthosia behrensiana, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Orthosia behrensiana, Noctuid Search (record) [NOCTS]
Orthosia behrensiana ; [NACL, #10485]; [POOLE]

Orthosia macona (Smith, 1908)
California, .... See [About maps] Taeniocampa macona Smith, 1908; 102, TL: California, Witch Creek
= Orthosia behrensiana ; [POOLE]
Orthosia macona ; [NACL, #10486]

Orthosia rubescens (Walker, 1865)
New York, .... See [About maps] Apamea rubescens Walker, 1865; 671, TL: W. Canada
Taeniocampa venata Smith, 1890; 123, TL: New York
= ; [POOLE]; [NACL, #10487]
Orthosia rubescens, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Orthosia rubescens, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Orthosia rubescens, Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images [Lynn Scott]
Orthosia rubescens, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Orthosia rubrescens ; auth., (missp.)
Orthosia rubescens ; [NACL, #10487]; [POOLE]

Orthosia garmani (Grote, 1879)
Illinois, .... See [About maps] Graphiphora garmani Grote, 1879; 28, TL: Northern Illinois
Orthosia garmani, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Orthosia garmani, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
O. garmani, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Orthosia garmani ; [NACL, #10488]; [POOLE]

Orthosia arthrolita (Harvey, 1875)
California, .... See [About maps] Graphiphora arthrolita Harvey, 1875; 275, TL: California
Orthosia arthrolita, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Orthosia arthrolita, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Orthosia arthrolita, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Orthosia arthrolita, Noctuid Search (record) [NOCTS]
Orthosia arthrolita ; [NACL, #10489]; [POOLE]

Orthosia revicta (Morrison, 1876)
Illinois, ..., New York, .... See [About maps] Taeniocampa revicta Morrison, 1876; 241, TL: Illinois, Galena
Taeniocampa subterminata Smith, 1888; 476, TL: New York
= ; [NACL, #10490]; [POOLE]
Orthosia revicta, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Orthosia revicta, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Orthosia revicta, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Orthosia revicta, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Orthosia revicta, Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images [Lynn Scott]
O. revicta, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Orthosia subterminalis ; Smith, 1890, (missp.)
Orthosia revicta ; [NACL, #10490]; [POOLE]

Orthosia alurina (Smith, 1902)
Illinois, .... See [About maps] Taeniocampa alurina Smith, 1902; 47, TL: Illinois, near Chicago
Orthosia alurina, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Orthosia alurina, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Orthosia alurina, Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images [Lynn Scott]
O. alurina, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Orthosia alurina ; [NACL, #10491]; [POOLE]

Larva on Prunus virginiana, P. serotina ;Godfrey, 1972, [POOLE]


Orthosia desperata (Smith, 1891)
California, .... See [About maps] Mamestra desperata Smith, 1891; 221, pl. 8, f. 22, TL: California, Nevada Co.
Orthosia desperata ; [NACL, #10492]; [POOLE]

Orthosia segregata (Smith, 1891)
British Columbia, Alberta, .... See [About maps] Mamestra segregata Smith, 1891; 100, pl. 6, f. 11, TL: British Columbia, Laggan
Mamestra segregata Smith, 1894; 56, TL: British Columbia, Laggan
Mamestra gussata Smith, 1895; 337, pl. 15, f. 9, TL: Alberta, Calgary
= ; [NACL, #10493]; [POOLE]
Mamestra negussa Smith, 1900; 219, pl. 5, f. 2, TL: Alberta, Calgary, Fish Creek
= ; [NACL, #10493]; [POOLE]
Orthosia segregata, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Orthosia segregata, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Orthosia segregata, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Orthosia segregata, Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images [Lynn Scott]
Orthosia segregata ; [NACL, #10493]; [POOLE]

Larva on Eleagnus, Shepardia ;Godfrey, 1972, [POOLE]

O. s. plicata (Smith, 1898)
Colorado, ... Mamestra plicata Smith, 1898; 243, TL: Colorado, Glenwood Springs
= Orthosia segregata ; [POOLE]
Orthosia segregata plicata ; [NACL, #10493a]

Orthosia pacifica (Harvey, 1874)
Taeniocampa pacifica Harvey, 1874; 120, TL: California, Sauzalito
infrapicta (Strand, 1917)
= ; [NACL, #10494]
Orthosia pacifica, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Orthosia pacifica, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Orthosia pacifica, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Orthosia pacifica, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Orthosia pacifica ; [POOLE]; [NACL, #10494]

Larva on Quercus ;Godfrey, 1972, [POOLE]


Orthosia hibisci (Guenée, 1852)
Missouri, .... See [About maps] Taeniocampa hibisci Guenée, 1852; 355, TL: North America
Taeniocampa confluens Morrison, 1875; 159, TL: Missouri, St. Louis
= ; [POOLE]; [NACL, #10495]
Orthosia insciens Walker, 1857; 746, TL: United States
= ; [POOLE]; [NACL, #10495]
Orthosia hibisci, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Orthosia hibisci, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Orthosia hibisci, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Orthosia hibisci, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Orthosia hibisci, Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images [Lynn Scott]
O. hibisci, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Orthosia hibisci ; [POOLE]; [NACL, #10495]
Misidentified/misapplied:
alia Guenée, 1852; auth.
O. h. brucei (Smith, 1910)
Colorado, ..., Alberta, ... Taeniocampa brucei Smith, 1910; 319, pl. 8, f. 2, TL: Colorado, Denver
= Orthosia hibisci ; [POOLE]
Taeniocampa malora Smith, 1910; 320, pl. 8, f. 3, TL: Alberta, Calgary
= ; [NACL, #10495a]
= Orthosia hibisci ; [POOLE]
Orthosia hibisci brucei ; [NACL, #10495a]
O. h. nubilata (Smith, 1910)
Colorado, ... Taeniocampa nubilata Smith, 1910; 320, pl. 8, f. 4, TL: Colorado, Glenwood Springs
= Orthosia hibisci ; [POOLE]
Orthosia hibisci nubilata ; [NACL, #10495b]
O. h. quinquefasciata (Smith, 1909)
British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, California, ... Taeniocampa quinquefasciata Smith, 1909; 65, TL: British Columbia, Vancouver
= Orthosia hibisci ; [POOLE]
Taeniocampa hibisci r. latirena Dod, 1910; 192, TL: British Columbia
= ; [NACL, #10495c]
= Orthosia hibisci ; [POOLE]
Taeniocampa proba Smith, 1910; 322, TL: California, Alameda Co.
= ; [NACL, #10495c]
= Orthosia hibisci ; [POOLE]
Taeniocampa inherita Smith, 1910; 321, pl. 8, f. 6, TL: Oregon, Corvallis
= ; [NACL, #10495c]
= Orthosia hibisci ; [POOLE]
Taeniocampa inflava Smith, 1910; 321, pl. 8, f. 5, TL: Washington, Pullman
= ; [NACL, #10495c]
= Orthosia hibisci ; [POOLE]
Orthosia hibisci quinquefasciata ; [NACL, #10495c]

Orthosia flaviannula (Smith, 1899)
Colorado, .... See [About maps] Taeniocampa flaviannula Smith, 1899; 225, TL: Colorado, Glenwood Springs
Orthosia flaviannula, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Orthosia flaviannula, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Orthosia flaviannula, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Orthosia flaviannula ; [NACL, #10496]; [POOLE]

Orthosia annulimacula (Smith, 1891)
Texas, .... See [About maps] Taeniocampa annulimacula Smith, 1891; 117, pl. 2, f. 6, TL: Texas
Orthosia annulimacula, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Orthosia annulimacula, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Orthosia annulimacula ; [NACL, #10497]; [POOLE]

Orthosia tenuimacula (Barnes & McDunnough, 1913)
Texas, .... See [About maps] Monima tenuimacula Barnes & McDunnough, 1913; 109, pl. 5, f. 2, TL: Texas, Kerrville
Orthosia tenuimacula, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Orthosia tenuimacula, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Orthosia tenuimacula ; [POOLE]; [NACL, #10498]

Orthosia mediomacula Barnes & Benjamin, 1924
Arizona, .... See [About maps] Orthosia mediomacula Barnes & Benjamin, 1924; 130, TL: Arizona, Cochise Co., Paradise
Orthosia mediomacula, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Orthosia mediomacula, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Orthosia mediomacula, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Orthosia mediomacula ; [NACL, #10499]; [POOLE]

Orthosia nongenerica Barnes & Benjamin, 1924
New Mexico, .... See [About maps] Orthosea[sic] nongenerica Barnes & Benjamin, 1924; 131, TL: New Mexico, High Rolls
Orthosia nongenerica, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Orthosea nongenerica, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Orthosia nongenerica ; [NACL, #10500]; [POOLE]

Orthosia disticha Grote, 1875
Texas, .... See [About maps] Orthosia disticha Grote, 1875; 114, TL: Texas
Orthosia disticha ; [POOLE]

The ? species-group

Orthosia flavirena (Moore, 1881)
Darjeeling, ... Graphiphora flavirena Moore, 1881; 352, pl. 38, f. 3, TL: Darjiling
Graphiphora vulpina Moore, 1882; 118, TL: Darjiling
= ; [POOLE]
Orthosia flavirena ; [POOLE]


Unknown or unplaced taxa

Orthosia columbaris Lucas, 1894; 143, TL: Melbourne, Frankston
Orthosia? columbaris ; [POOLE]

Orthosia quariplana Lucas, 1894; 107, TL: [Queensland] Brisbane
Orthosia? quadriplana ; [POOLE]

Orthosia typhlopa Lower, 1900; 30, TL: South Australia, Semaphore
Orthosia? typhlopa ; [POOLE]


3.1.2013 (83)

References:
[ALBERTA]
University of Alberta, E.H. Strickland Entomological Museum; Browse Entomology Collection
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[Bruce Walsh]
Bruce Walsh; e-mail: Bruce Walsh; The Moths of Southeastern Arizona; Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona
[D. Smirnov]
Russia, Moscow; e-mail: D. Smirnov
[ESP]
Heppner, 1981; The dates of E. J. C. Esper's Die Schmetterlinge in Abblidungen... 1776-[1830]; Archives of Natural History (1981) 10 (2): 251-254
[GALEPS]
Moths and Butterflies of Georgia and the Southeastern United States; James K. Adams; Dept. of Natural Science, Dalton State College, Dalton, GA ; http://www.daltonstate.edu/galeps/index.htm
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[Ian Kimber]
http://www.ukmoths.force9.co.uk/
[Karl Hofsäß]
Karl Hofsaess; e-mail: Karl Hofsäß
[Lynn Scott]
Moths of the Ottawa Area; Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[MPG]
North American Moth Photographers Group
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NE12]
Fibiger, Ronkay, Yela & Zilli, 2010; Noctuidae Europeaea 12; Rivulinae - Euteliinae, and Micronoctuidae and Supplement to Volume 1-11
[NE5]
Ronkay, Yela & Hreblay, 2001; Noctuidae Europaeae 5; Hadeninae II
[NOCTS]
Noctuid Search; An Interactive Key to Identify the Noctuidae of North America; e-mail: Thomas D. Eichlin; e-mail: Scott A. Kinnee; Dennis E. Mayhew; Ronald E. Somerby; Charles S. Papp
[PNWM]
Pacific Northwest Moths
[POOLE]
Poole, 1989; Lepidopterorum catalogus (n.s.) 118 - Noctuidae
[SPRK]
Seppänen, E. J, 1970; Suomen suurperhostoukkien ravintokasvit, Animalia Fennica 14
[SVF]
Svenska fjärilar; Naturhistoriska riksmuseet; (Sweden)


Some related literature:
Agassiz, [1847]
Nomenclatoris zoologici. Index Universalis Nom. zool. (Index univ.) : 1-393
Bang-Haas, 1912
Neue oder wenig bekannte palaearktische Makrolepidopteren. (IV-VI) Dt. ent. Z. Iris 26 (2): 103-110 (1912), (3): 139-162 (1912), (4): 229-230, pl. 6 (1913)
Billberg, 1820
Enumeratio Insectorum Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb. : 1-138
Butler, 1878
Descriptions of new species of Heterocera from Japan. Part II. Noctuites Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 1 (1): 77-85, (2): 161-169, (3): 192-204, (4): 287-295
Draudt, 1950
Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Agrotiden-Fauna Chinas. Aus den ausbeuten Dr. H. Höne's (Beitrag zur Fauna Sinica) Mitt. Münch. ent. Ges. 40 : 1-174, 18pls
Esper, 1786
Die Schmetterlinge in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Theil III. Die Nachtschmetterlinge Die. Schmett., Th. III (15): 1-32, pl. 1-6 (1782), (16): 33-56, pl. 7-12 (1782), (17): 57-88, pl. 6A, 13-17 (1783), (18): 89-104, pl. 18-23 (1783), (19): 105-136, pl. 24-31 (1784), (20): 137-184, pl. 32-37 (1785), (21): 185-208, pl. 38-43 (1785), (22): 209-240, pl. 44-49 (1785), (23): 241-272, pl. 50-55 (1785), (24): 273-288, pl. 56-61 (1786), (25): 289-312, pl. 62-67 (1786), (26): 313-328, pl. 68-73 (1786), (27): 329-344, pl. 74-79 (1786), (28): 345-396 (1786)
Esper, 1790
Die Schmetterlinge in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Theil IV. Die Eulenphalenen Die Schmett., Th. IV, Bd. 1 (29): 1-16, pl. 80-85 (Noct. 1-6) (1786), (30): 17-32, pl. 86-91 (Noct. 7-12) (1786), (31): 33-48, pl. 92-97 (Noct. 13-18) (1787), (32): 49-64, pl. 98-103 (Noct. 19-24) (1787), (33): 65-80, pl. 104-109 (Noct. 25-30) (1787), (34): 81-96, pl. 110-115 (Noct. 31-36) (1787), (35): 97-112, pl. 116-121 (Noct. 37-42) (1787), (36-37): 113-144, pl. 122-133 (Noct. 43-54) (1788), (38): 145-160, pl. 134-139 (Noct. 55-60) (1788), (39): 161-176, pl. 140-145 (Noct. 61-66) (1789), (40): 177-192, pl. 146-151 (Noct. 67-72) (1790), (41): 193-208, pl. 152-155, 99B, 105B (Noct. 73-76) (1790), (42-44): 209-320, pl. 156-167, 117A (Noct. 77-88) (1791), (45-46): 321-352, pl. 168-177, 125B, 125C (Noct. 89-98) (1791), (47): 353-372, pl. 178-183 (Noct. 99-104) (1794)
Esper, [1803]; Esper, 1804
Die Schmetterlinge in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Theil IV. Die Eulenphalenen Die Schmett., Th. IV, Bd. 2 (Abs. 1) (48): 373-420, pl. 184-186 (Noct. 105-107) (1796), (Abs. 1) (49-50): 421-464, pl. 187-191 (Noct. 108-112) (1798), (Abs. 1) (51): 465-496, pl. [192],[193] (Noct. 113-114) ([1799-1803]), (Abs. 1) (52): 497-536, pl. 194-195 (Noct. 115-116) (1804), (Abs. 1) (53): 537-632, pl. 196 (Noct. 117) (1804), (Abs. 1) (54): 633-698, pl. 197-198 (Noct. 118-119) (1805), (Abs. 2) (49-50): 1-44 (1798), (Abs. 2) (51): 45-54 ([1799-1803]), (Abs. 2) (52): 55-62 (1804), (Abs. 2) (53): 63-85 (1805)
Fabricius, 1775
Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, Adiectis Synonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. Syst. Ent.: 832pp
Fabricius, 1781
Species Insectorum Exhibentes Eorum Differentia Specifica, Synonyma Auctorum, Loca Natalia, Metamorphosin Adiectis, Observationibus, Descriptionibus. Tom II Spec. Ins. 2 : 1-494 (1781), : 495-514 (appendix), 515-517 (index) ([1782])
Godman & Salvin, 1889
Biologia Centrali-Americana; or Contributions to the Knowledge of the Fauna of Mexico and Central America. Zoology. Lepidoptera. Heterocera Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Heterocera 1: 1-490, 3: pl. 1-101
Guenée, 1839
Essai sur la classification des Noctuélides Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 8 : 473-522
Hampson, 1905
Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the British Museum Cat. Lepid. Phalaenae Br. Mus. 5: i-xvi, 1-634, pl. 78-95, 6: pl. 96 (f. 1-15)
Haworth, 1803; Haworth, 1809
Lepidoptera Britannica, sistens digestimen novam lepidopterorum quae in Magna Britannica reperiunter ... adjunguntur dissertationes variae ad historiam naturalam spectantes Lepid. Britannica (1): 1-136 (1803), (2): 137-376 ([1809]), (3): 377-512 ([1811]), (4): 513-609 (1828)
Herrich-Schäffer, [1849]
Systematische Bearbeitung der Schmetterlinge von Europa, zugleich als Text, Revision und Supplement zu J. Hübner's Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge, Die Schwärmer, Spinner und Eulen, (1843-) 1845 (-1855) Syst. Bearb. Schmett. Europ. 2 (1): (v) pl. 1-2, f. 1-18, (viii) pl. 1-2, f. 1-12, (ix) pl. 1-2, f. 1-11 (1843), (2): (vii) pl. 1, f. 1-3, (ix) pl. 3, f. 12-16 (1843), (6): (ii) pl. 1, f. 1-5, (v) pl. 3-6, f. 19-49, (viii) pl. 3-4, f. 13-22 (1844), (7): (v) pl. 7, f. 50-56, (vii) pl. 2, f. 4-6 (1844), (9): (viii) pl. 5-9, f. 23-46, (ix) pl. 4-8, f. 17-40 (1844), (10): (ix) pl. 9-13, f. 41-64 (1845), (11): (ix) pl. 14-23, f. 65-114 (1845), (13): [1], 2-24 (1846), (14): 25-48, (iii) pl. 1, f. 1-6, (v) pl. 8-9, f. 57-70 (1846), (15): (v) pl. 10-11, f. 71-84, (viii) pl. 10-16, f. 47-84, (ix) pl. 24-28, f. 115-140 (1846), (17): 49-88, (vi) pl. 1-8, f. 1-46 (1846), (18): 89-104, (ix) pl. 29-38, f. 141-194 (1846), (19): (ix) pl. 39-52, f. 195-264 (1846), (21): 105-128, (v) pl. 12-13, f. 85-95, (vii) pl. 3-4, f. 7-13, (viii) pl. 17-22, f. 85-123 (1847), (23): 129-152, (ix) pl. 53-62, f. 265-316 (1847), (25): (ix) pl. 63-69, f. 317-356 (1847), (26): 153-166 (1847), (31): (viii) pl. 23-27, f. 124-147 (1848), (32): (vi) pl. 9, f. 47-63 (1848), (35): 167-190 (1848), (37): 191-214, (ix) pl. 70-76, f. 357-393 (1849), (38): 215-238, (ix) pl. 77-82, f. 394-425, pl. 85-87, f. 436-450 (1849), (41): 239-286, (viii) pl. 28, f. 148-150, (ix) pl. 83-84, f. 426-435, pl. 88-92, f. 451-475 (1850), (43): (ix) pl. 93-99, f. 476-511 (1850), (44): 287-326 (1850), (45): 327-334, (ix) pl. 101-102, f. 516-525 (1850), (47): 335-450, (v) pl. 14, f. 96-101, (vi) pl. 10, f. 54-59 (1851), (49): (v) pl. 15-16, f. 102-113, (ix) pl. 100, f. 512-515, pl. 103, f. 526-530 (1851), (50): (viii) pl. 29-31, f. 151-165, (ix) pl. 104-108, f. 527-551 (1851), (51): (iv) pl. 2, f. 7-10, (ix) pl. 109-110, f. 552-562 (1851), (52): (ix) pl. 111-113, f. 563-579 (1851), (54): (ix) pl. 114-118, f. 580-606, pl. 120-121, f. 614-625 (1852), (56): (ix) pl. 119, f. 607-613, pl. 122-124, f. 626-641 (1852), (59): (viii) pl. 32, f. 166-170, (x) pl. 1, f. 1-5 (1853), (67): (index) [1], 2-64 (1855)
Hübner, [1809]; Hübner, [1822]
Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge. IV. Noctuae - Eulen ("Dritte Band") Samml. eur. Schmett. [4] : 155-194, : pl. 1-74, f. 1-345 (1800-1803), : pl. 75-86, f. 346-405 (1803-1808), : pl. 87-96, f. 406-455 (1808-1809), : pl. 97-134, f. 456-615 (1809-1813), : pl. 135-139, f. 616-638 (1814-1817), : pl. 140-141, f. 639-647 (1818-1819), : pl. 142-150, f. 648-697 (1819-1822), : pl. 151, f. 698-703 (1823), : pl. 152-156, f. 704-732 (1823-1824), : pl. 157, f. 733-736 (1825-1826), : pl. 158-160, f. 737-752 (1827-1828), : pl. 161-162, f. 753-765 (1828-1830), : pl. 163-169, f. 766-802 (1828-1832), : pl. 170-171, f. 803-812 (1832-1833), : pl. 172-176, f. 813-839 (1834), : pl. 177-179, f. 840-853 (1834-1835), : pl. 180, f. 854-858 (1834-1835), : pl. 181, f. 859-863 (1836), : pl. 182, f. 864-868 (1836-1838), : pl. 183, f. 869-873 (1837-1838), : pl. 184-185, f. 874-882 (1838), : [7], 8-24 (1834?)
Hübner, [1821]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Hufnagel, 1766
Fortsetzung der tabelle von den nachtvogein. IV. Fortsetzung der dierten tabell von de Insecten, besonders von denen so genannten nacheulen als der zwoten klasse. Der nachvögel hiesiger gegend Berlin. Magazin, 3 (3) : 279-309
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Ochsenheimer, 1816
Die Schmetterlinge von Europa. Fierter Band Schmett. Eur. 4 : 1-223
Smith, 1911
New species of Noctuidae for 1911. No. 1 J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 19 (3) : 133-151
Stephens, 1829
Illustrations of British Entomology; or, a synopsis of indigenous insects: containing their generic and specific distinctions; with an account of their metamorphoses, times of appearance, localities, food, and economy, as far as practicable Ill. Br. Ent. (Haustellata) 2 (1): 1-90, pl. 13-18 (1828), (2): 91-203, pl. 19-24 (1829)
Wagner, 1909
Einige neue Lepidopterenformen Ent. Zeitschr. 23 : 17-19


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