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Zizeeria Chapman, 1910
Grass Blues
Zizeeria Chapman, 1910; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1910 (4) : 480, 482, TS: Polyommatus karsandra Moore
Zizeeria (Polyommatini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 447; [BK, 238]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 156; [AfrL]


[sp-1.jpg] 1049x807 (~188Kb) Ethiopia, Oromia, Debre Libanos env., at German Ethio Lodge, the Gur River right bank. 30th July 2012, Photo © Oleg Kosterin

The exact identification of this species is still unknown, but tentatively assumed to belong into this group.



Zizeeria knysna (Trimen, 1862)
AF, Madagascar, Seychelles, Canary Islands, S.Iberia. See [About maps] African Grass Blue Dark Grass Blue
Lycaena knysna Trimen, 1862; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (3) 1 (3) : 282, TL: S.Africa
Papilio lysimon Hübner, [1803]; Samml. eur. Schmett. [1] : pl. 105, f. 534-535
Zizeeria knysna, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Zizeeria knysna, Captain's European Butterfly Guide [Simon Coombes]
Zizera lysimon ; Butler, 1900, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1900 : 108, pl. 11, f. 9
Zizeeria lysimon ; [BOW: pl. 11, f. 9]
Zizera knysna ; Butler, 1900, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1900 : 108, pl. 11, f. 10
Zizeeria knysna ; [BAFR, 550]; [BK: 238, pl. 24, f. 323]; [BMAT: 33, pl. 11, f. 5-10]; [MadL]; [AfrL]; [Otakar Kudrna]
[knysna-1v.jpg] 500x418 (~48Kb) underside Tenerife, Los Gigantes, 8/4/97, Photo © Simon Coombes [knysna-2v.jpg] 600x435 (~48Kb) underside Morocco, , Photo © Jean Delacre [knysna.jpg] 500x530 (~31Kb) SPAIN: Teneriffa, 1-5.4.1996, Photo © Valentina Anderson

Larva on Oxalis [BHR]

Larva on Tribulus terrestris, Amaranthus deflexus, Amaranthus viridis, Medicago sativa, Oxalis corniculata, Zornia, Euphorbia [PBSA], Polygonum equisetiforme, Armeria delicatula, Medicago tribuloides, Melilotus messanensis, Acanthyllis sp., Medicago sativa [BMAT], (on Canary Is.) Amaranthus sp., Malva sp., Fagonia [BMAT]


Z. k. corneliae Regteren Altena, 1948
Canary Is. Cupido lysimon corneliae Regteren Altena, 1948; Tijdschr. Ent. 91 : 17, TL: Teneriffer, Santa Cruz

Zizeeria karsandra (Moore, 1865)
E.Algeria, Tunisia, Sicily, Crete, Tropical Asia, Australia, Moluccas, Waigeu, Misool, Salawati, West Irian, Timor - Tanimbar. See [About maps] Dark Grass Blue
Polyommatus karsandra Moore, 1865; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1865 (2) : 505, pl. 31, f. 7, TL: India
Lycaena conformis Butler, 1877; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1877 (3) : 469, TL: Cape Yoork
Zizera ishigakiana Matsumura, 1929; Insecta Matsumurana 3: 109, TL: Ishigaki, Japan
Lampides neis Walker, 1870; Entomologist 5 (76): 54, TL: Wady Genneh, Arabia.
?Zizera mora Swinhoe, [1885]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1884 : 506, pl. 47, f. 7
Zizeeria karsandra, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Zizeeria karsandra, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Zizera karsandra ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (2): 78, pl. 35, f. 6, 6a; Butler, 1900, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1900 : 109
Zizeeria karsandra ; [BOR, 651]
Zizeeria knysna karsandra ; [BAUR, 362]
Zizeeria karsandra ; [MRS, 674]; [BMP: 245, pl. 34, f. 40-42]; [BMAT: 34, pl. 11, f. 11-16]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 156; [AfrL]

Larva on Zornia diphylla, Amaranthus viridis, (association with ant Tapinoma melanocephalum) [BMP] Amaranthus tricolor, A. viridis [MRS], Melilotus indica, Medicago sativa, Zornia diphylla, Trifolium alexandrinum [BMAT], Glinus lotoides, Tribulus cistoides, T. terrestris, T. spp. K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140)



30.6.2012 (2)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[AfrL]
Mark C. Williams; Checklist of Afrotropical Papilionoidea and Hesperoidea; Compiled by Mark C. Williams, 7th ed. (2008) (April 2007); Afrototropical Butterflies; e-mail: Mark C. Williams
[BAFR]
D'Abrera, 1980; Butterflies of the Afrotropical Region
[BAUR]
D'Abrera, 1977; Butterflies of the Australian Region (2nd edn)
[BHR]
D'Abrera; Butterflies of the Holarctic Region, Part I-III
[BK]
Larsen, 1996; The Butterflies of Kenya and their natural history
[BMAT]
Tennent, 1996; The butterflies of Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia; ISBN 0 906802 05 9
[BMP]
Eliot (Ed.), Corbet & Pendlebury, 1992; The Butterflies of The Malay Peninsula; 4th edition; ISBN 983-9681-05-2
[BOR]
D'Abrera, 1982, 1985, 1986; Butterflies of the Oriental Region, Part I-III
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[Don Herbison-Evans]
and Stella A. Crossley; Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[Jean Delacre]
http://homepage.mac.com/jdelacre
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[MRS]
Chou Io (Ed.); Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2
[MadL]
Lees, D.C., Kremen, C. and Raharitsimba, H. 2003; in S.M. Goodman & J. P. Benstead (eds.), The Natural History of Madagascar; Classification, Diversity and Endemism of the Butterflies (Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea): A Revised Species Checklist: : pp. 762-793; University of Chicago Press. 1709 pp.
[Oleg Kosterin]
Institue of Cytology & Genetics; Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk; e-mail: Oleg Kosterin; http://pisum.bionet.nsc.ru/kosterin/
[PBSA]
Dickson, C.G.C (ed.), Kroon, D.M.; Pennington's Butterflies of Southern Africa; AD. DONKER 1978
[Simon Coombes]
1 Park Street, Plymouth, PL3 4BL, UK; 01752 607854; e-mail: Simon Coombes; http://www.butterfly-guide.co.uk
[Yutaka Inayoshi]
A Check List of Butterflies in Indo-China; Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM


Some related literature:
Butler, 1877
On a collection of Lepidoptera from Cape York and the south-east coast of New Guinea Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1877 (3) : 466-475
Butler, 1900
A Revision of the Butterflies of the Genus Zizera represented in the Collection of the British Museum Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1900 : 104-111, pl. 11
Chapman, 1910
On Zizeeria Chapman, Zizera Moore. A Group of Lycaenid Butterflies Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1910 (4) : 479-497, pl. 51-60
K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991
Review of Australian Butterflies: distribution, life history and taxonomy. Pushlished by authors, Melbourne Review Austr. Butts. (1-4):
Eliot, 1973
The higher classification of the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera): a tentative Arrangement Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 373-505, 162fgs, pl. 1-6
Hübner, [1803]
Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge. I. Papiliones - Falter ("Erste Band") Samml. eur. Schmett. [1] : 3-74, : pl. 1-88, f. 1-446 (1799-1800), : pl. 89-96, f. 447-490 (1800-1803), : pl. 97-114, f. 491-588 (1803-1804), : pl. 115-119, f. 589-612 (1805), : pl. 120-124, f. 613-636 (1805-1806), : pl. 125-128, f. 637-652 (1806-1808), : pl. 129-144, f. 653-727 (1808-1813), : pl. 145-147, f. 728-741 (1814-1816), : pl. 148-150, f. 742-756 (1816-1817), : pl. 151, f. 757-762 (1818-1819), : pl. 152-154, f. 757-774 (1819-1822), : pl. 155, f. 775-778 (1822-1823), : pl. 156-161, f. 779-806 (1823), : pl. 162-175, f. 807-874 (1823-1824), : pl. 176, f. 869-874 (1824-1825), : pl. 177-181, f. 875-895 (1825-1826), : pl. 182-187, f. 896-981 (1827-1828), : pl. 188-195, f. 922-968 (1828-1832), : pl. 196, f. 969-974 (1832-1833), : pl. 197-201, f. 975-997 (1834-1836), : pl. 202-203, f. 998-1009 (1836-1838), : pl. 204-207, f. 1010-1029 (1837-1838)
Moore, 1865
List of diurnal Lepidoptera collected by Capt. A.M. Lang in the N. W. Himalayas Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1865 (2) : 486-509, pl. 30-31
Moore, [1881]
The Lepidoptera of Ceylon Lepid. Ceylon 1 (1): 1-40, pl. 1-18 (Dec 1880), (2): 41-80, pl. 19-36 (Jan 1881), (3): 81-136, pl. 37-54 (Jun 1881), (4): 137-190, pl. 55-71 (Dec 1881)
Regteren Altena, 1948
Macrolepidoptera collected in Teneriffe and La Pallma in the spring of 1947 Tijdschr. Ent. 91 : 12-22
Swinhoe, [1885]
On the Lepidoptera collected at Kurrachee Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1884 : 503-529, pl. 47-48
Trimen, 1862
On some New Species of South African Butterflies Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (3) 1 (3) : 279-291
Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003
The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island faunda Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 3-268, pl. 1-16
Walker, 1870
A list of the Butterflies collected by J.K. Lord Esq. in Egypt, along the African shore of the Red Sea, and in Arabia; with descriptions of the Species new to Science Entomologist 5 (76): 48-57, (80-81): 123-134, (82): 151-155


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.