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Hemiargus Hübner, 1818
Hemiargus Hübner, 1818; Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : 19, TS: Hemiargus antibubastus Hübner
Hemiargus (Polyommatini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 450; [Opler]
Hemiargus (Polyommatinae) ; [NL4A, 139]

Hemiargus ceraunus (Fabricius, 1793)
Puerto Rico, ... See [About maps] Ceraunus Blue Antillean Blue
Hesperia ceraunus Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 303, TL: "Americae meridionalis insulis"
Hemiargus hanno watsoni Comstock & Huntington, 1943; , TL: Puerto Rico
= ; [NL4A, #1094e]
Hemiargus ceraunus, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Hemiargus ceraunus, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Hemiargus ceraunus ; [NACL, #4359]; [BOW: pl. 19, f. 23]; [Opler]
Hemiargus hanno ceraunus ; [NL4A, #1094e]
[ceraunus-1v.jpg] 1000x1335 (~158Kb) underside USA: Gillespie Wash on rd 266, Graham Co., Arizona (~ 32°33'N 109°45'W), 9.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela

Larva on Astragalus, Prosopis, Phaseolus, Chaemaecrista [NAB]


H. c. antibubastus Hübner, [1818]
Florida Hemiargus antibubastus Hübner, 1818; Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : 19, : pl. [18], f. 99-100, TL: Georgia
Argus pseudoptiletes Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835]; , TL: USA
= Hemiargus hanno antibubastus ; [NL4A, #1094b]
Hemiargus ceraunus antibubastus, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Hemiargus hanno antibubastus ; [NL4A, #1094b]
Hemiargus ceraunus antibubastus ; [NACL, #4359a]
H. c. astenidas (Lucas, 1857)
Mexico, Costa Rica, ... ceraunus astenidas (Lucas, 1857) (Lycaena); , TL: "Cuba","Martinique"
Lampides zachaeina Butler & Druce, 1872; Cistula ent. 1 (5) : 104 (part.), TL: Costa Rica
= Hemiargus hanno astenidas ; [NL4A, #1094c]
?astenidia[sic?] Boisduval
= Hemiargus hanno ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 46
Hemiargus ceraunus astenidas, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Hemiargus ceraunus astenidas, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Lycaena zachaeina ; Godman & Salvin, [1887], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 107, 3: pl. 58, f. 36-38; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 723
Hemiargus zachaeina ; [BOW: pl. 19, f. 25 (text only)]
Hemiargus ceraunus zachaeina ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 151; [NACL, #4359c]; [NEN46, 7]
Hemiargus hanno zachaeina ;
Hemiargus hanno astenidas ; [NL4A, #1094c]
H. c. gyas (Edwards, 1871)
Arizona, California Lycaena gyas Edwards, 1871; Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 3 (3/4) : 210, TL: Arizona
Lycaena astragala Wright, 1905; , TL: California
= Hemiargus hanno gyas ; [NL4A, #1094g]
Lycaena florencia Clémence, 1914; , TL: Arizona; California
= Hemiargus hanno gyas ; [NL4A, #1094g]
Hemiargus ceraunus gyas, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Hemiargus ceraunus gyas, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Hemiargus ceraunus gyas, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Hemiargus gyas ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 45
Hemiargus hanno gyas ; [NL4A, #1094g]
Hemiargus ceraunus gyas ; [NACL, #4359b]

Hemiargus hanno (Stoll, [1790])
-. See [About maps] Papilio hanno Stoll, [1790]; Aanhangsel Werk, Uitl. Kapellen (2-5): 170, pl. 39, f. 2, TL: [Surinam] "Cape of Good Hope"
?hamo Lucas; (missp.?)
= ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 46
Lycaena hanno ; Godman & Salvin, [1887], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 106; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 723
Hemiargus hanno ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 46; [BOW: pl. 67, f. 18]; [NL4A, #1094]
Surinam Hemiargus hanno hanno ; [NL4A, #1094a]
H. h. filenus (Poey, 1832)
Cuba hanno filenus (Poey, 1832) (Polyommatus); , TL: Cuba
= Hemiargus hanno ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 46
Hemiargus hanno filenus ; Clench, 1943, Psyche 49: (52-60) ; [NL4A, #1094f]
H. h. bogotana Draudt, 1921
Colombia hanno bogotana Draudt, 1921; , TL: Colombia
Hemiargus hanno bogotana ; [NL4A, #1094d]

Hemiargus ramon (Dognin, 1887)
N.Chile - S.Ecuador, Galapagos. See [About maps] Ramon's Blue
Lycoena[sic] ramon Dognin, 1887; Extrait du Naturaliste : 23, pl. 2, f. 5, TL: Loja, Equateur
Hemiargus ramon ; [NEN46, 7]; Roque, Cruz & Lamas, 1997, Noticias de Galapágos 58: 29
Hemeargus ramon ; Peck, Heraty, Landry & Sinclair, 1998, Amer. Entomol. 44: 227
Hemiargus ramon ; Roque-Albelo, 2004, J. Lep. Soc. 58 (1): 38, f. 4-6; [NL4A, #1095]

Larva on Acacia macracantha, S.[?] tora, Neptunia plena, P.[?] atropurpureus, Prosopis juliflora, Tephrosia decumbens, Oxalis dombeyi Roque-Albelo, 2004, J. Lep. Soc. 58 (1): 38



16.2.2008 (3)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[BOA]
Interactive Listing of American Butterflies; Listado Interactivo de la Mariposas Americanas; Butterflies of America
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[Bruce Walsh]
Bruce Walsh; e-mail: Bruce Walsh; The Moths of Southeastern Arizona; Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona
[GALEPS]
Moths and Butterflies of Georgia and the Southeastern United States; James K. Adams; Dept. of Natural Science, Dalton State College, Dalton, GA ; http://www.daltonstate.edu/galeps/index.htm
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[ILMB]
Interactive Listing of Mexican Butterflies
[JLS]
Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society; the original J. Lep. Soc. articles
[NAB]
Pyle, 1981; Field Guide to North American Butterflies, National Audubon Society; ISBN 0-394-51914-0
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NEN46]
Zsolt Bálint, 1999; Neue Entomologische Nachrichten 46; Annotated list of type specimens of Polyommatus sensu Eliot of the Natural History Museum, London
[NL4A]
Gerardo Lamas, 2004; Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
[Opler]
Opler & Warren, 2003 (April); Butterflies of North America. 2. Scientific Names List for Butterfly Species of North America, north of Mexico.


Some related literature:
Brown & Mielke, 1967
Lepidoptera of the Central Brazil Plateau. I. Preliminary list of Rhopalocera (continued) J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 145-168
Butler & Druce, 1872
Descriptions of new genera and species of Lepidoptera from Costa Rica Cistula ent. 1 (5) : 95-118
Clench, 1943
The Lycaenidae of the Bahama Islands (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) Psyche 49 : 52-60 (1942)
Dognin, 1887
Note sur la fauna des Lépidoptères de Loja (Équateur) et descriptions d'espéces nouvelles Extrait du Naturaliste : 1-24, pl. 1-2
Dyar, 1903
A List of North American Lepidoptera and Key to the Literature of this Order of Insects Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 1-723
Eliot, 1973
The higher classification of the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera): a tentative Arrangement Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 373-505, 162fgs, pl. 1-6
Edwards, 1871
Descriptions of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the United States Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 3 (3/4) : 205-216
Godman & Salvin, [1887]; Godman & Salvin, [1901]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. (1887-1901) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 1-782, 3: pl. 1-112
Hübner, 1818
Zuträge zur Sammlung exotischer Schmettlinge, Vol. 1 [1808-] 1818 Zuträge Samml. exot. Schmett. 1 : [1-3], 4-6, [7], 8-32, [33-40] (post 22nd December 1818), : pl. [1-2], f. 1-12 (1808 - 1809), : pl. [3-25], f. 13-146 (1809 - 1813), : pl. [26-35], f. 147-200 (1814 - 1818)
Peck, Heraty, Landry & Sinclair, 1998
Introduced insect fauna of an oceanic archipelago: the Galapágos Islands, Ecuador Amer. Entomol. 44: 218-232
Roque-Albelo, 2004
The butterflies (Papilionoidea, Hesperoidea) of the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador: distribution, hostplants and biology J. Lep. Soc. 58 (1): 33-43
Roque, Cruz & Lamas, 1997
Hemiargus ramon (Dognin, 1887) (Lycaenidae: Polyommatinae) a new resident butterfly of the Galápagos Islands Noticias de Galapágos 58: 29
Stoll, [1790]
Aanhangsel van het Werk, de Uitlandsche Kapellen Aanhangsel Werk, Uitl. Kapellen (1): 1-42, pl. 1-8 (1787), (2-5): 43-184, pl. 9-42 (1790)


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.