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Clostera Samouelle, 1819
Clostera Samouelle, 1819; Entomologist's useful Compendium: 247, TS: Phalaena curtula Linnaeus
Ichthyura Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (11): 162, TS: Phalaena anastomosis Linnaeus
Melalopha Hübner, 1822; Syst.-alph. Verz.: 14, 16, 19, 20, TS: Phalaena curtula Linnaeus
Clostera ; Curtis, 1838, British Entomology 15: pl. 715
Ichthyura ; Hampson, [1893], Fauna Br. India (Moths) 1 : 172
Melalopha ; Kirby, 1892, Syn. Cat. Lepid. Het. 1 : 609
Clostera (Pygaerinae) ; [NEN50]

fiClostera curtula (Linnaeus, 1758)
EU - Mongolia, E.Asia, Armenia. See [About maps] Punapystyperä Punervatöyhtökehrääjä Rödgrå högstjärt Roostelaik-haavatutlane Large Chocolate-tip Erpelschwanz-Rauhfußspinner Le Courtaud rövidszárnyú levészövö
Phalaena curtula Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 503
alticaudaalba Retzius, 1783
Clostera curtula, Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera [Kimmo Silvonen]
Clostera curtula, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Clostera curtula, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Clostera curtula, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Clostera curtula, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
[curtula-1.jpg] 417x476 (~48Kb) Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Ötisheim, Gfäll (8°49'E, 48°58'N, 320m), 23.07.2000, Photo © Karl Hofsäß [curtula-2.jpg] 914x612 (~74Kb) Belgium, Hobokense Polder near Antwerpen, 21.5.2004, Photo © Toon Verbruggen [curtula-3a.jpg] 702x771 (~102Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 12.6.2008, Photo © D. Smirnov
[curtula-3b.jpg] 1004x517 (~109Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 12.6.2008, Photo © D. Smirnov [curtula-3x.jpg] 1002x504 (~92Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 12.6.2008, Photo © D. Smirnov [curtula-4m.jpg] 923x427 (~108Kb) male Russia: Moscow area (36°25'E, 56°00'N), 7.5.2009, Photo © D. Smirnov
[curtula.jpg] 410x491 (~28Kb)

Larva on Salicaceae, Salix fragilis, S. alba, S. repens, S. starkeana, S. caprea, S. aurita, S. cinerea, S. myrsinifolia, S. phylicifolia, Populus tremula, P. balsamifera, P. alba [SPRK]


Clostera curtula curtula ; de Freina, 1999, Atalanta 30 (1/4): 210
C. c. canescens (Graeser, 1982)
Clostera curtula canescens ; [NEN50]

Clostera curtuloides (Erschoff, 1870)
E.Asia, E.Siberia, Amur, Japani, E.Estonia. See [About maps] Virontöyhtökehrääjä Ida-haavatutlane
curtuloides (Erschoff, 1870); , TL: Amur
Clostera albosigma curtuloides ; [NEN50]

fiClostera anachoreta (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)
EU, Siberia, Amur, China, Korea, Japan. See [About maps] Harmopystyperä Harmaatöyhtökehrääjä Svartfläckig högstjärt Tähnik-haavatutlane Scarce Chocolate-tip Schwarzgeflecter Korbweidenspinner Einsiedler Anachorète tarka levélszövö
pallida Staudinger, 1887
albidior Pfitzner, 1901
Clostera anachoreta, Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera [Kimmo Silvonen]
Clostera anachoreta, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Clostera anachoreta, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Clostera anachoreta, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Clostera anachoreta, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Clostera anachoreta anachoreta ; [NEN50]
[anachoreta-1.jpg] 800x580 (~117Kb) e.l Olsztyn near Czestochowa, central Poland, October 1997, Photo © Marek Michalski [anachoreta-2l.jpg] 750x500 (~32Kb) larva Finland, U: Sipoo 670:40, 10.6.1979, Photo © Pertti Pakkanen [anachoreta-3.jpg] 548x695 (~101Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 12.8.2010 (36°25'E, 56°00'N), Photo © D. Smirnov
[anachoreta.jpg] 411x259 (~15Kb)

Larva on Salicaceae, Salix pentandra, S. fragilis, S. caprea, S. aurita, S. myrsinifolia, Populus tremula, P. balsamifera, P. suaveolens [SPRK]



fiClostera anastomosis (Linnaeus, 1758)
EU - Armenia, Siberia, Korea, Japan, China, Nepal. See [About maps] Ruskopystyperä Ruskeatöyhtökehrääjä Brungrå högstjärt Pruun-haavatutlane Lorbeerweidenspinner Hausse-queue Grise barna levélszövö
Phalaena anastomosis Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 506
Pygaera anastomosis var. orientalis Fixsen, 1887; in Romanoff, Mém. Lépid. 3 : 350, TL: Korea
Neoclostera insignior Kiriakoff, 1963
= ; [NEN50]
alticaudagrisea Retzius, 1783
Clostera anastomosis, Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera [Kimmo Silvonen]
Clostera anastomosis, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Clostera anastomosis, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Clostera anastomosis ; [NEN50]
[anastomosis-1.jpg] 588x739 (~93Kb) Russia, Moscow area (36°25'E, 56°00'N), 9.7.2009, Photo © D. Smirnov [anastomosis-2.jpg] 969x430 (~95Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 11.8.2010 (36°25'E, 56°00'N), Photo © D. Smirnov

Larva on Salicaceae, Salix spp., S. myrsinifolia, Populus tremula [SPRK]


Clostera anastomosis anastomosis ; de Freina, 1999, Atalanta 30 (1/4): 211

Clostera restitura (Walker, 1865)
Oriental Tropics - Sundaland. See [About maps] Ichthyura restitura Walker, 1865; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 32: 433
Clostera restitura ; Kiriakoff, 1968, in Wytsman, Genera Insectorum 217 (C): 253; Holloway, 1976, Moths of Borneo with special reference to Mt. Kinabalu: 58; [MOB4: 90, pl. 9]; [NEN50]

Clostera rubida (Druce, 1901)
New Guinea. See [About maps] Ichthyura rubida Druce, 1901
Clostera rubida, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]

Larva on Terminalia [MOB4]


Clostera powelli (Oberthür, 1914)
Morocco, Algeria. See [About maps] Afrikantöyhtökehrääjä La Hausse-queue de Powell
powelli (Oberthür, 1914); , TL: Algeria, Lambese

Larva on Populus, Salix [BSW]


fiClostera pigra (Hufnagel, 1766)
EU, Russia, E.Asia, tr, Iran, Morocco. See [About maps] Pikkupystyperä Pikkutöyhtökehrääjä Pärlgrå högsjärt Väike-haavatutlane Small Chocolate-tip Kleiner Rauhfußspinner Rosmarinweidenspinner Hausse-queue Brune apró levélszövö
pigra (Hufnagel, 1766); , TL: Germany, Berlin region
reclusa (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)
alticaudafurcata Retzius, 1783
suffusa Stephens, 1839
superior Rangnow, 1935
Clostera pigra, Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera [Kimmo Silvonen]
Clostera pigra, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Clostera pigra, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Clostera pigra, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Clostera pigra, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Clostera pigra ; [NEN50]
[pigra-1l.jpg] 510x562 (~63Kb) larva Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Schönenberg, Hinter dem Flecken (8°49'E, 48°57'N, 260m) (ex ovo), 16.06.2001, Photo © Karl Hofsäß [pigra-2a.jpg] 552x730 (~109Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 7.6.2010 (36°25'E, 56°00'N), Photo © D. Smirnov [pigra-2b.jpg] 957x490 (~104Kb) Russia, Moscow area, 7.6.2010 (36°25'E, 56°00'N), Photo © D. Smirnov
[pigra.jpg] 331x240 (~12Kb)

Larva on Salicaceae, Salix pentandra, S. fragilis, S. alba, S. lapponum, S. repens, S. starkeana, S. caprea, S. aurita, S. cinerea, S. myrsinifolia, S. phylicifolia, Populus tremula, P. balsamifera, P. alba, P. nigra [SPRK]


Clostera pigra pigra ; de Freina, 1999, Atalanta 30 (1/4): 211

Clostera obscurior (Staudinger, 1887)
Xinjang, Kazakhstan (Tianshan, Naryn, Ili, Moldotau). See [About maps] Pygaera pigra obscurior Staudinger, 1887; Stettin Ent. Ztg 48 (1-3) : 102, TL: Kuldja, Xinjang
Clostera obscurior ; [NEN50: 99, pl. 18, f. 174]

Clostera fulgurita (Walker, 1865)
Oriental Tropics - Borneo, Sumatra, Java, China (Yunnan, Hainan, Hubei). See [About maps] Ichtyura fulgurita Walker, 1865; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 32: 433, TL: E.India
Clostera fulgurita ; [MOB4: 89, pl. 9]; [NEN50: 99, pl. 18, f. 171a-b]
Misidentified/misapplied:
Clostera pallida; Holloway, 1976, Moths of Borneo with special reference to Mt. Kinabalu: 58, f. 381

Clostera javana Moore²
Java. See [About maps] Clostera javana ; [MOB4, 89 (note, ?= fulgurita ssp.)]

Clostera pallida (Walker, 1855)
Pygaera rufa Luh, 1947
= ; [NEN50]
Clostera pallida ; [NEN50]

Clostera aello Schintlmeister & Fang, 2001
Clostera aello Schintlmeister & Fang, 2001; Neue Entomologische Nachrichten, 50: 99, f. 122, pl. 18, f. 170a-b, TL: Tibet, Gyantse

Clostera costicomma (Hampson, [1893])
S.India, Vienam, Pakistan, Yunnan. See [About maps] Ichtyura costicomma Hampson, [1893]; Fauna Br. India (Moths) 1 : 173, TL: S.India, Nilgiris
Clostera costicomma ; [NEN50: 99, pl. 18, f. 173]

Clostera angularis (Snellen, 1895)
Sundaland. See [About maps] Ichthyura angularis Snellen, 1895; Dt. ent. Z. Iris 8 (1) : 128
Clostera angularis ; Kiriakoff, 1968, in Wytsman, Genera Insectorum 217 (C): 253; Barlow, 1982, Intr. Moths of South East Asia: 65; [MOB4: 92, pl. 9, f. 91]; [NEN50]

Clostera transecta Dudgeon²
NE.Himalaya. See [About maps] Clostera transecta ; [MOB4, 92 (note)]

Clostera hildora Schaus²
Philippines. See [About maps] Clostera hildora ; [MOB4, 92 (note)]

Clostera dorsalis (Walker, 1862)
Borneo, Sumatra. See [About maps] Ichthyura dorsalis Walker, 1862; J. Proc. Linn. Soc. (Zool.) 6 : 134
Pygaera geminata Gaede, 1930; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 10: 647
= ; [MOB4, 92]
Clostera dorsalis ; Kiriakoff, 1968, in Wytsman, Genera Insectorum 217 (C): 254; [MOB4: 92, pl. 9, f. 94]

Clostera tapa Roepke²
Java. See [About maps] ?deldeni Kiriakoff, 1960²
Clostera tapa ; [MOB4, 93 (note)]

Clostera bramah (Roepke, 1944)
Sundaland. See [About maps] Pygaera bramah Roepke, 1944; Natuurhist. Maandbl. 33: 40
Clostera bramah ; Kiriakoff, 1968, in Wytsman, Genera Insectorum 217 (C): 254; [MOB4: 93, pl. 9, f. 93]

Clostera bramoides Holloway, 1983
Borneo. See [About maps] Clostera bramoides Holloway, 1983; Moths of Borneo, 4: 93, pl. 9, f. 92, TL: Brueni, Ulu Temburong

 

Clostera lucida Aurivillius

Clostera leloupi Kiriakoff

Clostera distinguenda Kiriakoff, 1962
Rhodesia. See [About maps] Clostera distinguenda Kiriakoff, 1962; Tijdschr. Ent. 105 : 239, f. 1, TL: Rhodesia, Salisbury

Clostera nubila Kiriakoff, 1962
Clostera nubila Kiriakoff, 1962; Tijdschr. Ent. 105 : 241, f. 2, TL: Vumba, Umtali, S. Rhodesia

Clostera formosa Kiriakoff, 1962
Clostera formosa Kiriakoff, 1962; Tijdschr. Ent. 105 : 241, f. 3, TL: Salisbury, Rhodesia

The "N.America" species-group

Clostera albosigma Fitch, 1856
Ichthyura albosigma var. specifica Dyar, 1892; Can. Ent. 24 (6) : 180, TL: Manitou; Colorado
Clostera albosigma, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Clostera albosigma, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Clostera albosigma, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Clostera albosigma, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Clostera albosigma, Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images [Lynn Scott]
Clostera albosigma ; [NACL, #7895]

Clostera inclusa (Hübner, 1829-31)
Clostera americana Harris, 1841
inversa (Packard, 1864)
palla (French, 1882)
Clostera inclusa, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Clostera inclusa, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Clostera inclusa ; [NACL, #7896]
C. i. jocosa (Hy. Edwards, 1886)
Clostera inclusa jocosa ; [NACL, #7896a]

Clostera inornata (Neumoegen, 1882)
Clostera inornata, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Clostera inornata, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Clostera inornata, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Clostera inornata ; [NACL, #7897]

Clostera strigosa (Grote, 1882)
luculenta (Hy. Edwards, 1886)
Clostera strigosa, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Clostera strigosa, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Clostera strigosa, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Clostera strigosa, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Clostera strigosa ; [NACL, #7898]

Clostera paraphora (Dyar, 1921)
Clostera paraphora, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Clostera paraphora, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Clostera paraphora, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Clostera paraphora ; [NACL, #7899]

Clostera brucei (Hy. Edwards, 1885)
Clostera brucei, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Clostera brucei, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Clostera brucei, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Clostera brucei, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Clostera brucei ; [NACL, #7900]
C. b. multnoma (Dyar, 1892)
Ichthyura multnoma Dyar, 1892; Can. Ent. 24 (6) : 179, TL: Portland, Multnomah Co., Oregon
alethe (Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893)
Clostera brucei multnoma ; [NACL, #7900a]

Clostera apicalis (Walker, 1855)
Clostera vau Fitch, 1859
indentata (Packard, 1864)
Clostera apicalis, Pacific Northwest Moths [PNWM]
Clostera apicalis, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Clostera apicalis, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Clostera apicalis, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Clostera apicalis, Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images [Lynn Scott]
Clostera apicalis ; [NACL, #7901]
C. a. ornata (Grote & Robinson, 1868)
Clostera incarcerata Boisduval, 1869
astoriae (H. Edwards, 1886)
bifira (H. Edwards, 1886)
Clostera apicalis ornata, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Clostera apicalis ornata ; [NACL, #7901a]


6.12.2011 (33)

References:
[ALBERTA]
University of Alberta, E.H. Strickland Entomological Museum; Browse Entomology Collection
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BSW]
de Freina & Witt, 1987; Die Bombyces und Sphinges der Westpalearktis; ISBN 3-926285-00-1
[Bruce Walsh]
Bruce Walsh; e-mail: Bruce Walsh; The Moths of Southeastern Arizona; Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona
[D. Smirnov]
Russia, Moscow; e-mail: D. Smirnov
[Don Herbison-Evans]
and Stella A. Crossley; Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[Ian Kimber]
http://www.ukmoths.force9.co.uk/
[Karl Hofsäß]
Karl Hofsaess; e-mail: Karl Hofsäß
[Kimmo Silvonen]
Espoo, Finland; Kimmo's Lep Site
[Lynn Scott]
Moths of the Ottawa Area; Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[MOB4]
Holloway, 1983; The Moths of Borneo, Part 4; Family Nododontidae
[MPG]
North American Moth Photographers Group
[Marek Michalski]
Lodz, Poland; e-mail: Marek Michalski
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NEN50]
Schintlmeister & Lai, 2001; Neue Entomologische Nachrichten 50; New and less known Notodontidae from mainland China
[NORLEP]
Norges Sommerfugler
[PNWM]
Pacific Northwest Moths
[Pertti Pakkanen]
e-mail: Pertti Pakkanen; Butterfly and moth observations from Finland
[SPRK]
Seppänen, E. J, 1970; Suomen suurperhostoukkien ravintokasvit, Animalia Fennica 14
[SVF]
Svenska fjärilar; Naturhistoriska riksmuseet; (Sweden)
[Toon Verbruggen]
Toon Verbruggen
[²]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Barlow, 1982
An Introduction to the Moths of South East Asia Intr. Moths of South East Asia: 305pp, ix, 50pls
Curtis, 1838
British Entomology; being Illustrations and Descriptions of the Genera of Insecta found in Great Britain and Ireland: Containing coloured Figures from Nature of the Most Rare and Beautiful Species, an in Many Instances of the Plants Upon Which They are Found British Entomology 1: pl. 1-50 (1824), 2: pl. 51-98 (1825), 3: pl. 99-146 (1826), 4: pl. 147-194 (1827), 5: pl. 195-241 (1828), 6: pl. 242-289 (1829), 7: pl. 290-337 (1830), 8: pl. 338-383 (1831), 9: pl. 384-433 (1832), 10: pl. 434-481 (1833), 11: pl. 482-529 (1834), 12: pl. 530-577 (1835), 13: pl. 578-625 (1836), 14: pl. 626-673 (1837), 15: pl. 674-721 (1838), 16: pl. 722-769 (1839)
Dyar, 1892
New forms of Ichthyura Can. Ent. 24 (6) : 179-180
Fixsen, 1887
Lepidoptera aus Korea in Romanoff, Mém. Lépid. 3 : 233-356, pl. 13-15
de Freina, 1999
Beitrag zur systematischen Erfassung der Bombyces- und Sphinges-Fauna Kleinasiens, Weitere Kenntnisse über Artenspektrum, Systematik und Verbreitung der Lasiocampidae, Lemoniidae, Notodontidae, Thaumetopoeidae, Lymantriidae, Arctiidae und Cymatophoridae Atalanta 30 (1/4): 187-257
Hampson, [1893]
The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma 1 Fauna Br. India (Moths) 1 : v-xxii, : 1-527
Hübner, [1819]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Hübner, 1822
Systematisch-alphabetisches Verzeichniss aller bisher bey den Fürbildungen zur Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge angegebenen Gattungsbenennungen; mit Vormerkung auch augsburgischer Gattungen, von Jacob Hübner Syst.-alph. Verz.: [I-III], IV-VI, [1]-2-81
Kirby, 1892
A synonymic catalogue of Lepidoptera Heterocera (Moths). Sphinges and Bombyces Syn. Cat. Lepid. Het. 1 : 1-951
Kiriakoff, 1962
New and less known African Notodontidae (Lepidotera) Tijdschr. Ent. 105 : 239-260
Kiriakoff, 1968
Lepidoptera, Familia Notodontidae, pars tertia, Genera Indo-Australica in Wytsman, Genera Insectorum 217 (C): -
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Schintlmeister & Fang, 2001
New and less known Notodontidae from mainland China Neue Entomologische Nachrichten, 50: 3-141
Snellen, 1895
Verzeichniss der Lepidoptera Heterocera von Dr. B. Hagen, gesammelt in Del (Ost-Sumatra) Dt. ent. Z. Iris 8 (1) : 121-151
Staudinger, 1887
Centralasiatische Lepidopteren Stettin Ent. Ztg 48 (1-3) : 49-102
Walker, 1862
Catalogue of the Heterocerous Lepidopterous Insects collected at Sarawak, in Borneo, by Mr. A. R. Wallace, with Descriptions of New Species J. Proc. Linn. Soc. (Zool.) 6 : 82-145, 171-198
Walker, 1865
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 31: 1-322 ([1865]), 32: 323-706 (1865), 33: 707-1120 (1865), 34: 1121-1534 ([1866]), 35: 1535-2040 (1866)


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.