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Synchlora Guenée in Boisduval & Guenée, 1857
Synchlora Guenée, 1857; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 9 : 375, TS: Synchlora liquoraria Guenée
Eunemoria Packard, 1873; Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. 5: 76, TS: Eunemoria gracilaria Packard
= ; [NACL, 98]; [MNA18.1, 81]
Synchlora (Synchlorini) ; [NACL, 98]; [MNA18.1, 11, 81]

Synchlora aerata (Fabricius, 1798)
-. See [About maps] Phalaena aerata Fabricius, 1798; REF#: 456, TL: [Boston, Massachusetts]
Synchlora aerata, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synchlora aerata, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Synchlora aerata, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Synchlora aerata, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Synchlora aerata ; [NACL, #7058]; [MNA18.1: 82, pl. 3, f. 57-66]
NA.Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Texas, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Arkansas, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont, S.Ontario, Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa, Maryland Aplodes glaucaria Guenée, 1857; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 9 : 377, TL: Georgia
= Synchlora aerata ; [NACL, #7058]
= ; [MNA18.1, 83]
Geometra mimicata Walker, 1866; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 35: 1600, TL: North America
= Synchlora aerata ; [NACL, #7058]
= ; [MNA18.1, 83]
Aplodes rubivora Riley, 1869; 1st Ann. Rep., Missouri : 139, TL: South Pass, Illinois
= Synchlora aerata ; [NACL, #7058]
= ; [MNA18.1, 83]
Synchlora rubrifrontaria Packard, 1873; Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. 5: 75, TL: West Farms, New York City
= Synchlora aerata ; [NACL, #7058]
= ; [MNA18.1, 83]
Eunemoria gracilaria Packard, 1873; Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. 5: 77, TL: Massachusetts
= Synchlora aerata ; [NACL, #7058]
= ; [MNA18.1, 83]
Synchlora rubivoraria Packard, 1876; (emend.)
= Synchlora aerata ; [NACL, #7058]
Synchlora rubivoraria var. rufofrontaria ; Gumppenberg, 1895, Nova Acta Acad. Caesar Leop. Carol. 64 (6) : 500 (missp.)
Synchlora aerata aerata ; [MNA18.1: 83, f. 3d, 4c, pl. 3, f. 64-66]

Larva on Rubus, Rudbeckia hirta, Chrysanthemum, Aster ericoides, Ambrosia artemisiifolia, Coreopsis, Erigeron canadensis, Eupatorium, E. coelestinum, Liatris, Solidago, Melilotus officinalis [MNA18.1, 84]

S. a. albolineata Packard, 1873
from (Newfoundland - Alberta) - to (Minnesota, Wisconsin, New York, Maine, New England, Massachusetts, N.Connecticut), S.Manitoba Synchlora albolineata Packard, 1873; Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. 5: 75, TL: Maine
Synchlora albolinearia Packard, 1876; (emend.)
= ; [NACL, #7058a]
Synchlora aerata albolineata, Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images [Lynn Scott]
Synchlora aerata albolineata ; [NACL, #7058a]; [MNA18.1: 84, f. 21a, pl. 3, f. 61-63]

Larva on Rubus idaeus var. strigosus, Gaylussacia baccata [MNA18.1, 84]

S. a. liquoraria Guenée, 1857
from (California, Arizona, New Mexico) - to (British Columbia, Alberta), South Dakota Synchlora liquoraria Guenée, 1857; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 9 : 375, TL: California
Eunemoria tricoloraria Packard, 1874; Proc. Boston Soc. nat. Hist. 16: 30, TL: California
= ; [NACL, #7058b]; [MNA18.1, 85]
Synchlora aerata liquoraria, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Synchlora aerata liquoraria ; [NACL, #7058b]; [MNA18.1: 85, f. 22a-b, pl. 3, f. 57-60]

Larva on Artemisia californica, Chilopsis linearis, Coreopsis, Eriogonum fasciculatum, Solidago, Mentha spicata, (usually buds and flowers) [MNA18.1, 85]


Synchlora frondaria Guenée, 1857
-. See [About maps] Synchlora frondaria Guenée, 1857; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 10 : 376, TL: Cayenne, French Guiana
Synchlora frondaria, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synchlora frondaria, Lepidoptera of French Antilles [Pierre Zagatti]
Synchlora frondaria ; [NACL, #7059]; [MNA18.1: 85, pl. 3, f. 67-72]; Becker & Miller, 2002, J. Lep. Soc. 56 (1): 39, f. 187
SE.USA, Mexico - Brazil - Argentina, Antilles Nemoria? denticularia Walker, 1861; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 22: 536
= Synchlora frondaria ; [NACL, #7059]
= ; [MNA18.1, 86]
Thalera minuata Walker, 1866; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 35: 1613, TL: Santa Marta [Colombia?]
= Synchlora frondaria ; [NACL, #7059]
= ; [MNA18.1, 86]
Eucrostis albicostaria Herrich-Schäffer, 1870; CorrespBl. zool.-min Ver. Regensburg 24: 181, TL: Cuba
= Synchlora frondaria ; [NACL, #7059]
= ; [MNA18.1, 86]
Synchlora excurvaria Packard, 1873; Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. 5: 76, TL: Waco, Texas
= Synchlora frondaria ; [NACL, #7059]
= ; [MNA18.1, 86]
Aplodes pallida Warren, 1900; Novit. zool. 7 : 131, TL: Bonaire, Netherlands Antilles
= Synchlora frondaria ; [NACL, #7059]
= ; [MNA18.1, 86]
Synchlora frondaria frondaria ; [MNA18.1: 86, f. 23i, pl. 3, f. 69-72]

Larva on Stillingia, Pluchea odorata, Bidens, Chrysanthemum, Helianthus annuus, Rubus, Glycine max, Prosopis glandulosa [MNA18.1, 87]

S. f. avidaria Pearsall, 1917
S.California, Arizona, W.Texas Synchlora avidaria Pearsall, 1917; Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 12: 34, TL: Palmerlee, Cochise Co., Arizona
Synchlora frondaria avidaria, The Moths of Southeastern Arizona [Bruce Walsh]
Synchlora frondaria avidaria ; [NACL, #7059a]; [MNA18.1: 87, f. 22c-d, pl. 3, f. 67-68]

Larva on Senecio, Ambrosia dumosa [MNA18.1, 87]


Synchlora xysteraria (Hulst, 1886)
Florida, Cuba, Hispaniola. See [About maps] Racheospila xysteraria Hulst, 1886; Ent. Amer. 2 : 121, TL: Florida
Synchlora xysteraria, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synchlora xysteraria ; [NACL, #7060]; [MNA18.1: 87, f. 21b, 22g-h, 23j, pl. 3, f. 74-75]
Misidentified/misapplied:
gerularia Hübner, 1823; auth.

Larva on Taraxacum officinale? [MNA18.1, 88]


Synchlora gerularia (Hübner, [1823])
S.Texas, Mexico - Brazil - Argentina. See [About maps] Comibaena gerularia Hübner, [1823]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (18): 284 (repl. Phalaena ocellata Stoll, [1790]), TL: Surinam
Phalaena (Geometra) ocellata Stoll, [1790]; Aanhangsel Werk, Uitl. Kapellen (2-5): 156, 184, pl. 34, f. 9 (preocc. Linnaeus, 1758), TL: Surinam
= ; [NACL, #7060.1]; [MNA18.1, 88]
Phorodesma stollaria Guenée, 1857; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 9 : 370 (repl. Phalaena ocellata Stoll, [1790]), TL: Surinam
= ; [NACL, #7060.1]; [MNA18.1, 88]
Racheospila marginiplaga Walker, 1861; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 22: 583, TL: Brazil
= ; [NACL, #7060.1]; [MNA18.1, 88]
Racheospila rufidorsaria Snellen, 1874; Tijdschr. Ent. 17 : 41, pl. 3, f. 4, TL: Rio Magdalena (Colombia)
= ; [NACL, #7060.1]; [MNA18.1, 88]
Racheospila jucunda Felder, 1875; Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (5): pl. 127, f. 18, TL: Brazil
= ; [NACL, #7060.1]; [MNA18.1, 88]
Synchlora gerularia, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synchlora gerularia ; [NACL, #7060.1]; [MNA18.1: 88, f. 22i-j, 23k, pl. 3, f. 73]

Larva on Baccharis salicifolia [MNA18.1, 89]


Synchlora herbaria (Fabricius, 1794)
Florida, ..., Haiti, Dominican Republic, ...?. See [About maps] Phalaena herbaria Fabricius, 1794; Ent. Syst. 3 (2): 162, TL: "Americae meridionalis Insulis"
Racheospila sitellaria Guenée, 1857; in Boisduval & Guenée, Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 9 : 374, TL: Haiti
= ; [NACL, #7061]; [MNA18.1, 89]
Geometra congruata Walker, 1861; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 22: 511, TL: Santo Domingo
= ; [NACL, #7061]; [MNA18.1, 89]
Synchlora louisa var.(?) hulstiana Dyar, 1901; Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 4 (4) : 457
= ; [NACL, #7061]; [MNA18.1, 89]
Synchlora herbaria, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synchlora herbaria ; [NACL, #7061]; [MNA18.1: 89, f. 22e-f, 23h, pl. 3, f. 76-78]

Larva on (flower heads) Lantana camara [MNA18.1, 89]


Synchlora irregularia (Barnes & McDunnough, 1918)
Texas, ..., Nicaragua. See [About maps] Racheospila irregularia Barnes & McDunnough, 1918; Contr. nat. Hist. Lepid. N. Am. 4 (2): 134, TL: Brownsville, Texas
Synchlora irregularia, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synchlora irregularia ; [NACL, #7062]; [MNA18.1: 90, f. 22k-l, 24a, pl. 4, f. 1-2]

Synchlora noel (Sperry, 1949)
California. See [About maps] Racheospila noel Sperry, 1949; Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. 47: 42, TL: Borrego [San Diego Co.], California
Synchlora noel, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synchlora noel ; [NACL, #7063]; [MNA18.1: 90, f. 22m-n, 24c, pl. 4, f. 3-4]

Synchlora cupedinaria (Grote, 1880)
Florida, Greater Antilles, Virgin Is., Cuba, Bahamas, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico. See [About maps] Racheospila cupedinaria Grote, 1880; Can. Ent. 12 (10) : 218, TL: Enterprise, Florida
Synchlora louisa Hulst, 1898; Can. Ent. 30 (6): 159, TL: "Cocoanut Grove, S. Florida"
= ; [NACL, #7064]
Synchlora cupedinaria, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Synchlora cupedinaria ; [NACL, #7064]; [MNA18.1: 90, f. 21c, 22o, 24b, pl. 4, f. 5-6]; Becker & Miller, 2002, J. Lep. Soc. 56 (1): 39, f. 188

Larva on Lantana camara Becker & Miller, 2002, J. Lep. Soc. 56 (1): 39



3.7.2009 (8)

References:
[ALBERTA]
University of Alberta, E.H. Strickland Entomological Museum; Browse Entomology Collection
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[Bruce Walsh]
Bruce Walsh; e-mail: Bruce Walsh; The Moths of Southeastern Arizona; Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona
[GALEPS]
Moths and Butterflies of Georgia and the Southeastern United States; James K. Adams; Dept. of Natural Science, Dalton State College, Dalton, GA ; http://www.daltonstate.edu/galeps/index.htm
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[Lynn Scott]
Moths of the Ottawa Area; Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images
[MNA18.1]
Ferguson, 1985; The Moths of America North of Mexico, 18.1; GEOMETROIDEA; Geometridae (Part)
[MPG]
North American Moth Photographers Group
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[Pierre Zagatti]
WWW pages; Catalogue of the Lepidoptera of the French Antilles; e-mail: Pierre Zagatti


Some related literature:
Barnes & McDunnough, 1918
Notes and new species Contr. nat. Hist. Lepid. N. Am. 4 (2): 61-208, pl. 11-25, (3): 211-278, pl. 26-40
Becker & Miller, 2002
The large moths of Guana Island, British Virgin Islands: a survey of efficient colonizers J. Lep. Soc. 56 (1): 9-44
Guenée in Boisduval & Guenée, 1857
Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Species Général des Lépidoptéres. Volume 9. Uranides et Phalénites Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 9 : 1-514, Atlas (Uranides & Phalenides): pl. 1-10, (Uranides) pl. 1 (1858), Atlas (Uranides, Phalenides, Siculides): pl. 12-22, (1858) pl.
Guenée in Boisduval & Guenée, 1857
Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Species Général des Lépidoptéres. Volume 10. Uranides et Phalénites Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 10 : 1-584, Atlas (Uranides, Phalenides): pl. 1-11, (Uranides) pl. 1 (1858), Atlas (Uranides, Phalenides, Siculides): pl. 12-22, (Siculides) pl. 1 (1858)
Dyar, 1901
Notes on the winter Lepidoptera of Lake Worth, Florida Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 4 (4) : 446-470
Felder, 1875
Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Behilfen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Band 2. Abtheilung 2. Lepidoptera. Rhopalocera Reise Fregatte Novara, Bd 2 (Abth. 2) (1): 1-136, pl. 1-21 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, [1865]), (2): 137-378, pl. 22-47 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1865), (3): 379-536, pl. 48-74 (Rhop.) (C. & R. Felder, 1867), (4): 537-548, pl. 75-120, (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-9 (pl. 1-74), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874) , (5): pl. 121-140, (erklärung) 1-10 (pl. 75-107), (Inhalts-Verz.) 1-20 (pl. 108-140), (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1875)
Grote, 1880
New species of North American moths Can. Ent. 12 (10) : 213-220
Gumppenberg, 1895
Systema Geometrarum zonae temperatioris septentrionalis - Systematische Bearbeitung der Spanner der nördlichen gemässigten Zone. (7) Nova Acta Acad. Caesar Leop. Carol. 64 (6) : 369-512
Hübner, [1823]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Hulst, 1886
New Species of Geometridae, No. 2 Ent. Amer. 2 : 120-124
Hulst, 1898
Descriptions of new genera and species of Geometrina of North America Can. Ent. 30 (5): 113-121, (6): 158-164, (7): 191-195, (8): 214-219
Riley, 1869
First annual report on the noxious, beneficial and other insects of the state of Missouri, made to the State Board of Agriculture ... 1st Ann. Rep., Missouri : 1-181, (index) 1-7
Snellen, 1874
Opgave der Geometrina en Pyralidina, in Niewu Granada en op St. Thomas en Jamaica, verzameld dorr W. Baron von Nolcken Tijdschr. Ent. 17 : 1-108, pl. 1-7
Stoll, [1790]
Aanhangsel van het Werk, de Uitlandsche Kapellen Aanhangsel Werk, Uitl. Kapellen (1): 1-42, pl. 1-8 (1787), (2-5): 43-184, pl. 9-42 (1790)
Walker, 1861
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 20: 1-276 (1860), 21: 277-498 (1860), 22: 499-755 (1861), 23: 757-1020 (1861), 24: 1021-1280 (1862), 25: 1281-1477 (1862), 26: 1479-1796 ([1863])
Walker, 1866
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 31: 1-322 ([1865]), 32: 323-706 (1865), 33: 707-1120 (1865), 34: 1121-1534 ([1866]), 35: 1535-2040 (1866)
Warren, 1900
New genera and species of American Drepanidae, Thyrididae, Epiplemidae, and Geometridae Novit. zool. 7 : 117-225


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Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.