[HOME] [INDEXES] < Life < Insecta < Lepidoptera < Ditrysia < Bombycoidea < Sphingidae < Sphinginae
Acherontia Laspeyres, 1809
Acherontia Laspeyres, 1809; Jenaaische allg. Lit.-Ztg 4(240): 100, TS: Sphinx atropos
Manduca Hübner, [1806], Tentamen determinationis digestionis..:[1]
Atropos Oken, 1815; Lehrbuch Naturgesch. 3 (Zool.) (1): 762
Brachyglossa Boisduval, [1828]; Eur. Lepid. Index Meth. 1: 33, TS: Sphinx atropos
Atropos Agassiz, 1846; Nomina syst. Gen. Lep. : 9, TS: Sphinx atropos
Acherontia, Sphingidae of the Western Palearctic [Tony Pittaway]
Acherontia (Acherontiinae) ; Moore, 1882, Lepid. Ceylon 2 (1): 5
Acherontia (Acherontiini) ; [HMW, 18]

fiAcherontia atropos (Linnaeus, 1758)
SEU, AF, Iran, Transcaucaus. See [About maps] Pääkallokiitäjä Pääkalloperhonen Death's Head Hawk-moth Totenkopfschwärmer Sphinx Têtede-mort Calavera Cabeza de Muerto Mariposa de la Muerta Aqueroncia Dödskallefjäril Tontsuru halálfejes lepke
Sphinx atropos Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 490, TL: Europe
Atropos solani Oken, 1815; Lehrbuch Naturgesch. 3 (Zool.) (1): 762
Acherontia sculda Kirby, 1877; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1877 : 242
charon Clos, 1910
confluens Dannehl, 1925
conjuncta Tutt, 1904
extensa Tutt, 1904
flavescens Tutt, 1904
imperfecta Tutt, 1904
intermedia Tutt, 1904
obsoleta Tutt, 1904
suffusa Tutt, 1904
variegata Tutt, 1904
virgata Tutt, 1904
violacea Lambillion, 1905
diluta Closs, 1911
obscurata Closs, 1917
myosotis Schawerda, 1919
moira Dannehl, 1925
pulverata Cockayne, 1953
radiata Cockayne, 1953
griseofasciata Lempke, 1959
Acherontia atropos, African Moths [AFM]
Acherontia atropos, Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera [Kimmo Silvonen]
Acherontia atropos, Svenska fjärilar [SVF]
Acherontia atropos, Norges Sommerfugler [NORLEP]
Acherontia atropos, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Acherontia atropos, Sphingidae of the Western Palearctic [Tony Pittaway]
Acherontia atropos, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Acherontia atropos, UK Moths [Ian Kimber]
Acherontia atropos ; [HMW]
[atropos-1.jpg] 1184x726 (~92Kb) W. Cornwall, UK, ex. larva, Photo © Andrew Torry leg. [atropos-2.jpg] 400x600 (~85Kb) Central Europe 1990-2000, Photo © Michael Borsch [atropos-2l.jpg] 604x400 (~49Kb) larva Central Europe 1990-2000, Photo © Michael Borsch
[atropos-2p.jpg] 599x400 (~89Kb) pupa Central Europe 1990-2000, Photo © Michael Borsch

Larva on Solanum tuberosum, S. dulcamara

Larva on (Non Finnish) Ligustrum vulgare, Solanaceae?

Larva on Solanaceae, Datura, Cannabis, Atropa, Lycium, Philadelphus, Nicotiana, Nerium, Olea [BSW], Schrebera alata, Stachytarpeta indica, Clerodendron, Tecomaria, Tecoma, Withania, Hoslundia, Fraxinus [HMCSA]



Acherontia lachesis (Fabricius, 1798)
Hong Kong, Oriental - S.Moluccas Sphinx lachesis Fabricius, 1798; Ent. Syst. (Suppl.): 434
atra (Huwe, 1895)
Spectrum charon Billberg, 1820; (nom. nud.)
circe Moore, [1858]
fuscapex Bryk, 1944
Acherontia lethe Westwood, 1847; Cabinet Orient. Ent.: 187, pl. 42, f. 2
Acherontia morta Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (9): 140
pallida Dupont, 1941
radiata Niepelt, 1931
Acherontia satanas Boisduval, 1836; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : pl. 16, f. 1
sojejimae Matsumura, 1909
= ; [HMW]
submarginalis Dupont, 1941
Acherontia lachesis, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Acherontia lachesis ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1903, 17; Moore, 1882, Lepid. Ceylon 2 (1): 6, pl. 77, f. 1, 1a-b; [HMW]
[lachesis-1.jpg] 769x513 (~90Kb) Thailand, Krabi 24.12.2003-7.1.2004, Photo © Olli Vesikko

Larva on Barleria, Sanchezia, Catalpa, Spathodea, Stereospermum, Tecoma, Cannabis, Canna, Helianthus, Ipomoea, Merremia, Luffa, Ehretia, Andidesma, Anisomeles, Colbrookia, Coleus, Pogostemon, Cajanus, Cassia, Centrosema, Clitorea, Dolichos, Erythrina, Glycine, Psophocarpus, Vigna, Melia, Jasminum, Nyctanthes, Sesamum, Paulownia, Cyphomandra, Datura, Lycopersicum, Nicotiana, Solanum, Callicarpa, Clerodendrum, Lantana, Stachytarpheta, Tectona, Vitex, Nicolaia [MOB3, 122]



Acherontia styx Westwood, 1847
Saudi Arabia, S.Iran, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Myanmar, Hong Kong. See [About maps] Acherontia styx Westwood, 1847; Cabinet Orient. Ent.: 88, TL: East Indies
ariel Boisduval, [1875]
interrupta Closs, 1911
obsoleta Schmidt, 1914
Acherontia styx styx, Sphingidae of the Western Palearctic [Tony Pittaway]
Acherontia styx styx, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Acherontia styx ; Moore, 1882, Lepid. Ceylon 2 (1): 7, pl. 76, f. 1, 1a-b; Rothschild & Jordan, 1903, 21; [HMW]

Larva on Solanaceae, Lycopersicon, Solanum, Lycium, Withania somnifera [Tony Pittaway]

Larva on Nerium, Bignonia, Pyrostegia, Spathodea, Tecoma, Porana, Coccinia, Coleus, Dolichos, Erythrina, Glycine, Psophocarpus, Eugenia, Syzygium, Jasminum, Nyctanthes, Sesamum, Gardenia, Capsicum, Datura, Nicotiana, Physaliastrum, Solanum, Citharexylum, Clerodendrum, Tectona, Vitex [MOB3, 123]

A. s. medusa Moore, [1858]
Acherontia medusa Moore, [1858]; in Horsfield & Moore, Cat. lep. Ins. Mus. East India Coy 1 : 267
Acherontia medusa Butler, 1876; Trans. Zool. Soc. Lond. 9 (19) : 597
crathis Rothschild & Jordan, 1903
= ; [HMW]
pseudatropos Röber, 1933
septentrionalis-chinensis Pavlov, 1932
= ; [HMW]
Acherontia styx medusa, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Acherontia styx medusa ; [HMW]


1.7.2012 (3)

References:
[AFM]
African Moths
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[Andrew Torry]
e-mail: Andrew Torry
[BSW]
de Freina & Witt, 1987; Die Bombyces und Sphinges der Westpalearktis; ISBN 3-926285-00-1
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[HMCSA]
Pinhey, E., 1962; Hawk Moths of Central and Southern Africa
[HMW]
Kitching & Cadiou, 2000; Hawkmoths of the World; An annotated and illustrated revisionary checklist (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae)
[Ian Kimber]
http://www.ukmoths.force9.co.uk/
[Kimmo Silvonen]
Espoo, Finland; Kimmo's Lep Site
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[MOB3]
Holloway, 1987; The Moths of Borneo, Part 3; Superfamily Bombycoidea: families Lasiocampidae, Eupterotidae, Bombycidae, Brahmaeidae, Saturniidae, Sphingidae; (1998 reprint)
[Michael Borsch]
Geesthacht, Germany; contact through; e-mail: Francisco Welter-Schultes
[NORLEP]
Norges Sommerfugler
[Olli Vesikko]
http://koti.welho.com/ovesikko/
[SVF]
Svenska fjärilar; Naturhistoriska riksmuseet; (Sweden)
[Tony Pittaway]
WWW pages; Sphingidae of the Western Palearctic; Saturniidae of the Western Palaearctic; Sphingidae of China (and adjacent regions)


Some related literature:
Agassiz, 1846
Nomina systematica Generum Lepidopterorum, tam viventium quam fossilium Nomina syst. Gen. Lep. : 1-70
Boisduval, 1836
Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Species Général des Lépidoptéres. Tome Premier Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 1-690, pl. 1-24
Butler, 1876
Revision of the heterocerous Lepidoptera of the family Sphingidae Trans. Zool. Soc. Lond. 9 (19) : 511-644, pl. 90-94
Hübner, [1819]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Kirby, 1877
Notes on the new or rare Sphingidae in the Museum of the Royal Dublin Society, and Remarks on Mr. Butler's recent revision of the Family Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1877 : 233-244
Linnaeus, 1758
Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Clases, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Symonymis, Locis. Tomis I. 10th Edition Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1 : 1-338, : 339-824
Moore, [1858]
A Catalogue of the Lepidopterous Insects in the Museum of the Hon. East-India Company in Horsfield & Moore, Cat. lep. Ins. Mus. East India Coy 1: : 1-278, pl. 1-12,1a,2a,3a,4a,5a,6a
Moore, 1882
The Lepidoptera of Ceylon Lepid. Ceylon 2 (1): 1-72, pl. 72-107 (1882), (2): 73-162, pl. 108-143 ([1883])
Westwood, 1847
The Cabinet of Oriental Entomology, being... Cabinet Orient. Ent.: [2] + 2 + 88pp, 42 pls (in parts)


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.