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Phacelia Juss.
Hunajakukat
Phacelia, Biota of North America Program (query database) [BONAP]
Phacelia, Den Virtuella Floran [DVF]


[sp-1.jpg] 600x844 (~82Kb) USA: Glacier Basin Path (46°54'11N 121°39'49), Mt. Rainier, Pierce Co., WA, 21.7.1999, Photo © Markku Savela
Phacelia sp. det. Doug Goldenberg
[sp-2.jpg] 1200x1598 (~201Kb) USA: Petrified Forest National Park, Apache Co., Arizona, 12.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela [sp-2x.jpg] 1200x1521 (~165Kb) USA: Petrified Forest National Park, Apache Co., Arizona, 12.8.2005, Photo © Markku Savela

The exact identification of these species is still unknown, but tentatively assumed to belong into this group.



fiPhacelia tanacetifolia Bentham
Aitohunajakukka Honungsfacelia Lacy scorpion-weed
Phacelia tanacetifolia ; [RK, 348]; [SK, 472 (note)]
[tanacetifolia-1.jpg] 758x966 (~110Kb) Finland: Mikkeli, Norola, Tertin kartano, 1.8.2006 (cultivated), Photo © Harri Arkkio

 

Phacelia tetramera J.T. Howell
Dwarf Phacelia Four-part yellow scorpion-weed
Miltitzia pusilla (Gray); Brand
Phacelia tetramera ; [FPN, 380]

Phacelia lutea (Hook. & Arn.) J.T. Howell
Yellow Phacelia Large-flower yellow scorpion-weed
Phacelia lutea ; [FPN, 380]
Miltitzia lutea (Hook. & Arn.); A. DC.
Phacelia lutea var. purpurascens J.T. Howell
Phacelia lutea var. lutea ; [FPN, 381]
P. l. var. scopulina (A. Nels.) Cronq.
Phacelia scopulina;
Miltitzia scopulina;
Phacelia lutea var. scopulina ; [FPN, 380]
Phacelia lutea var. purpurascens ; [FPN, 380]
Phacelia lutea var. calva ; [FPN, 380]
P. l. var. mackenzieorum J. Grimes & Packard

Phacelia nemoralis Greene
Woodland Phacelia Shade Phacelia Shade scorpion-weed
Phacelia nemoralis ssp. oregonensis Heckard
Phacelia nemoralis ; [FPN, 381]

Phacelia heterophylla Pursh
Varileaf Phacelia Virgate Phacelia Variable-leaf scorpion-weed
Phacelia heterophylla ; [FPN, 381]

Phacelia magellanica var. heterophylla;
Phacelia virgata
Phacelia heterophylla ssp. heterophylla
Phacelia heterophylla var. typica Dundas
Phacelia sericea var. biennis (A. Nels.); Brand
Phacelia heterophylla ssp. virgata (Greene); Heckard
Phacelia heterophylla var. virgata (Greene); Dorn
Phacelia heterophylla var. heterophylla ; [FPN, 381]
Phacelia nemoralis var. pseudohispida;
Phacelia mutabilis
Phacelia heterophylla var. pseudohispida ; [FPN, 381]

Foodplant as Phacelia mutabilis for Coelopoeta phaceliae


Phacelia hastata Dougl. ex Lehm.
Whiteleaf Phacelia Silverleaf Phacelia Silver-leaf scorpion-weed
Phacelia hastata ; [FPN, 381]

Foodplant for Coelopoeta phaceliae


Phacelia magellanica f. leucophylla;
Phacelia alpina Rydb.
Phacelia hastata var. alpina (Rydb.); Cronq.
Phacelia hastata var. leucophylla (Torr.); Cronq.
Phacelia leucophylla Torr.
Phacelia leucophylla var. alpina (Rydb.); Dundas
Phacelia leucophylla var. suksdorfii J.F. Macbr.
Phacelia oreopola ssp. simulans Heckard
Phacelia magellanica f. alpina;
Phacelia hastata var. hastata ; [FPN, 381]
Phacelia hastata var. leucophylla ; [FPN, 381]
Phacelia hastata var. alpina ; [FPN, 382]
P. h. var. compacta (Brand) Cronq.
Phacelia hastata ssp. compacta (Brand); Heckard
Phacelia magellanica f. compacta;
Phacelia frigida Greene
Phacelia hastata var. compacta ; [FPN, 381]
P. h. var. leptosepala (Rydb.) Cronq.
Phacelia leptosepala;
Phacelia hastata var. leptosepala ; [FPN, 382]
P. h. var. dasyphylla (Greene ex J.F. Macbr.) Kartesz & Gandhi
Phacelia frigida ssp. dasyphylla Heckard
Phacelia heterophylla var. dasyphylla Greene ex J.F. Macbr.

Phacelia humilis T. & G.
Low Phacelia Low scorpion-weed
Phacelia humilis ; [FPN, 382]
P. h. var. dudleyi J.T. Howell

Phacelia linearis (Pursh) Holz.
Threadleaf Phacelia Thread-leaf scorpion-weed
Phacelia linearis ; [FPN, 382]

Phacelia minutissima Henderson
Least Phacelia Dwarf scorpion-weed
Phacelia minutissima ; [FPN, 382]

Phacelia incana Brand
Hoary Phacelia Hoary scorpion-weed
Phacelia nevadensis J.T. Howell
Phacelia incana ; [FPN, 382]

Phacelia bicolor Torr. ex S. Wats.
Two-color Phacelia Two-color scorpion-weed
Phacelia bicolor ; [FPN, 382]
P. b. var. leibergii (Brand) A. Nels. & J.F. Macbr.
Leiberg's scorpion-weed
Phacelia leibergii Brand
Phacelia bicolor var. leibergii ; [FPN, 382]

Phacelia glandulifera Piper
Sticky Phacelia
Phacelia ivesiana var. glandulifera (Piper); A. Nels. & J.F. Macbr.
Phacelia glandulifera ; [FPN, 382]

Phacelia rattanii Gray
Rattan's Phacelia Rattan's scorpion-weed
Phacelia rattanii ; [FPN, 382]

Phacelia thermalis Greene
Hot-spring Phacelia Hot springs scorpion-weed
Phacelia thermalis ; [FPN, 382]

Phacelia ramosissima Dougl. ex Lehm.
Branched Phacelia Branched scorpion-weed
Phacelia ramosissima ; [FPN, 383]
P. r. var. eremophila (Greene) J.F. Macbr.
Phacelia eremophila Greene
Phacelia ramosissima var. valida M.E. Peck
P. r. var. latifolia (Torr.) Cronq.
Phacelia ramosissima var. suffrutescens (Parry); Gray
Phacelia suffrutescens Parry

Phacelia glandulosa Nutt.
Glandular Phacelia Glandular scorpion-weed
Phacelia glandulosa ; [FPN, 383]

Phacelia glandulosa Nutt.
P. g. var. deserta (A. Nels.) Brand
Phacelia deserta A. Nels.

Phacelia franklinii (R. Br.) Gray
Franklin's Phacelia Franklin's scorpion-weed
Phacella franklinii (R. Br.); Gray
Phacella franklinii ; [GMBOT, 678]
Phacelia franklinii ; [FPN, 383]

Phacelia idahoensis Henderson
Idaho Phacelia Idaho scorpion-weed
Phacelia idahoensis ; [FPN, 383]

Phacelia sericea (Graham) Gray
Silky Phacelia Purplefringe
Phacelia sericea ; [FPN, 383]
Phacelia sericea var. caespitosa Brand
Phacelia sericea var. sericea ; [FPN, 383]
Phacelia sericea ssp. ciliosa (Rydb.); Gillett
Phacelia ciliosa (Rydb.); Rydb.
Phacelia sericea var. ciliosa ; [FPN, 383]

Phacelia lyallii (Gray) Rydb.
Lyall's Phacelia Lyall's scorpion-weed
Phacelia lyallii ; [FPN, 383]

Phacelia procera Gray
Tall Phacelia Tall scorpion-weed
Phacelia procera ; [FPN, 383]

Foodplant for Coelopoeta phaceliae


Phacelia bolanderi Gray
Bolander's Phacelia Bolander's scorpion-weed
Phacelia bolanderi ; [FPN, 383]

 

Phacelia adenophora J.T. Howell
Glandular yellow scorpion-weed
Miltitzia glandulifera (Torr. ex S. Wats.); Heller
Phacelia lutea var. glandulifera (Torr. ex S. Wats.); Cronq.

Phacelia affinis Gray
Limestone scorpion-weed
Phacelia affinis var. patens J.T. Howell

Phacelia alba Rydb.
White scorpion-weed
Phacelia neomexicana var. alba (Rydb.); Brand

Phacelia amabilis Constance
Saline valley scorpion-weed

Phacelia anelsonii J.F. Macbr.
Aven nelson's scorpion-weed

Phacelia argentea A. Nels. & J.F. Macbr.
Sand-dune scorpion-weed

Phacelia argillacea Atwood
Clay scorpion-weed

Phacelia arizonica Gray
Arizona scorpion-weed
Phacelia popei var. arizonica (Gray); J. Voss

Phacelia austromontana J.T. Howell
Southern sierran scorpion-weed
Phacelia humilis var. lobata A. Davids.
Phacelia lobata (A. Davids.); Jepson

Phacelia bakeri (Brand) J.F. Macbr.
Baker's scorpion-weed

Phacelia barnebyana J.T. Howell
Barneby's scorpion-weed

Phacelia beatleyae Reveal & Constance
Beatley's scorpion-weed

Phacelia bipinnatifida Michx.
Fern-leaf scorpion-weed
Phacelia bipinnatifida var. plummeri Wood
Phacelia brevistyla Buckl.
Phacelia bipinnatifida ; [GMBOT, 678]

Phacelia bombycina Woot. & Standl.
Mangas spring scorpion-weed
Phacelia tenuipes Woot. & Standl.

Phacelia brachyloba (Benth.) Gray
Short-lobe scorpion-weed

Phacelia breweri Gray
Brewer's scorpion-weed

Phacelia californica Cham.
California coast scorpion-weed

Foodplant for Coelopoeta phaceliae


Phacelia calthifolia Brand
Caltha-leaf scorpion-weed

Phacelia campanularia Gray
Desertbells

Phacelia capitata Kruckeberg
Clustered scorpion-weed

Phacelia cephalotes Gray
Virgin scorpion-weed

Phacelia cicutaria Greene
Caterpillar scorpion-weed
P. c. var. hispida (Gray) J.T. Howell
Phacelia cicutaria ssp. hispida (Gray); Beauchamp ex Thorne
P. c. var. hubbyi (J.F. Macbr.) J.T. Howell

Phacelia ciliata Benth.
Great valley scorpion-weed
P. c. var. opaca J.T. Howell

Phacelia caerulea Greene
Phacelia intermedia Woot. p.p.

Phacelia congdonii Greene
Congdon's scorpion-weed
Phacelia divaricata var. congdonii (Greene); Munz

Phacelia congesta Hook.
Caterpillars
Phacelia congesta var. dissecta Gray

Phacelia constancei Atwood
Constance's scorpion-weed

Phacelia cookei Constance & Heckard
Cooke's scorpion-weed

Phacelia corymbosa Jepson
Serpentine scorpion-weed

Phacelia covillei S. Watson
Phacelia covillei ; [GMBOT, 678]

Phacelia crenulata Torr. ex S. Wats.
Notch-leaf scorpion-weed
P. c. var. ambigua (M.E. Jones) J.F. Macbr.
Phacelia ambigua M.E. Jones
P. c. var. corrugata (A. Nels.) Brand
Phacelia corrugata A. Nels.
Phacelia crenulata var. funerea J. Voss ex Munz
Phacelia crenulata var. vulgaris Brand
Phacelia intermedia Woot. p.p.
P. c. var. minutiflora (J. Voss) Jepson
Phacelia ambigua var. minutiflora (J. Voss); Atwood
Phacelia minutiflora J. Voss

Phacelia cronquistiana Welsh.

Phacelia cryptantha Greene
Hidden-flower scorpion-weed
Phacelia cryptantha var. derivata J. Voss

Phacelia curvipes Torr. ex S. Wats.
Washoe scorpion-weed

Foodplant for Annaphila ida


Phacelia dalesiana J.T. Howell
Scott mountain scorpion-weed

Phacelia davidsonii Gray
Davidson's scorpion-weed
Phacelia curvipes var. macrantha (Parish); Munz

Phacelia demissa Gray
Intermountain scorpion-weed
Phacelia demissa var. heterotricha J.T. Howell
Phacelia demissa var. typica J.T. Howell

Phacelia denticulata Osterhout
Rocky mountain scorpion-weed

Phacelia distans Benth.
Distant scorpion-weed
Phacelia cinerea Eastw. ex J.F. Macbr.
Phacelia distans var. australis Brand

Foodplant for Chionodes nanodella


Phacelia divaricata (Benth.) Gray
Divaricate scorpion-weed

Phacelia douglasii (Benth.) Torr.
Douglas' scorpion-weed

Phacelia dubia (L.) Trel.
Small-flower scorpion-weed
?Phacelia dubia (L.); Small.
?Phacelia parviflora Pursh.
?Phacelia dubia ; [GMBOT, 678]

Phacelia egena (Greene ex Brand) Greene ex J.T. Howell
Kaweah river scorpion-weed
Phacelia magellanica (Lam.); Coville p.p.

Phacelia eisenii Brandeg.
Eisen's scorpion-weed
Phacelia eisenii var. brandegeeana J.T. Howell

Phacelia exilis (Gray) G.L. Lee
San bernardino scorpion-weed
Phacelia mohavensis var. exilis Gray

Phacelia filiformis Brand
Narrow scorpion-weed

Phacelia fimbriata Michx.
Fringed scorpion-weed
Phacelia fimbriata ; [GMBOT, 678]

Phacelia floribunda Greene
Southern island scorpion-weed

Phacelia formosula Osterhout
North park scorpion-weed

Phacelia fremontii Torr.
Fremont's scorpion-weed

Phacelia geraniifolia Brand
Geranium-leaf scorpion-weed
Phacelia perityloides var. jaegeri Munz

Phacelia gilioides Brand
Brand's scorpion-weed

Phacelia glaberrima (Torr. ex S. Wats.) J.T. Howell
Southwestern scorpion-weed

Phacelia glabra Nutt.
Smooth scorpion-weed

Phacelia glechomifolia Gray
Pennyroyal-leaf scorpion-weed

Phacelia grandiflora (Benth.) Gray
Large-flower scorpion-weed

Phacelia greenei J.T. Howell
Scott valley scorpion-weed

Phacelia grisea Gray
Santa lucia scorpion-weed

Phacelia gymnoclada Torr. ex S. Wats.
Naked-stem scorpion-weed
Phacelia crassifolia Torr. ex S. Wats.

Phacelia hirsuta Nutt.
Fuzzy scorpion-weed
Phacelia hirsuta ; [GMBOT, 678]

Phacelia howelliana Atwood
Harlequin scorpion-weed

Phacelia hydrophylloides Torr. ex Gray
Ball-head scorpion-weed

Phacelia imbricata Greene
Imbricate scorpion-weed
Phacelia californica var. bernardina (Greene); Jepson
Phacelia imbricata ssp. bernardina (Greene); Heckard
P. i. ssp. patula (Brand) Heckard
Phacelia californica var. patula (Brand); Jepson
Phacelia oreopola Heckard

Phacelia inconspicua Greene
Hidden scorpion-weed

Phacelia indecora J.T. Howell
Drab scorpion-weed

Phacelia infundibuliformis Torr.
Rio grande scorpion-weed

Phacelia insularis Munz
Santa rosa island scorpion-weed
Phacelia divaricata var. continentis (J.T. Howell); Munz
Phacelia divaricata var. insularis (Munz); Munz

Phacelia integrifolia Torr.
Gypsum scorpion-weed
Phacelia integrifolia var. typica J. Voss
P. i. var. texana (J. Voss) Atwood
Phacelia texana J. Voss

Phacelia inundata J.T. Howell
Playa yellow scorpion-weed
Miltitzia parviflora (Gray ex Newberry); Brand

Phacelia inyoensis (J.F. Macbr.) J.T. Howell
Inyo yellow scorpion-weed
Miltitzia inyoensis J.F. Macbr.

Phacelia ivesiana Torr.
Ives' scorpion-weed
Phacelia ivesiana var. typica J.T. Howell
Phacelia pediculoides (J.T. Howell); Constance

Phacelia ixodes Kellogg

Phacelia laxa (Small)
Coastal scorpion-weed
Phacelia laxa Small

Phacelia laxiflora J.T. Howell
Dozing scorpion-weed
Phacelia perityloides var. laxiflora (J.T. Howell); Cronq.

Phacelia lemmonii Gray
Lemmon's scorpion-weed

Phacelia lenta Piper
Sticky scorpion-weed

Phacelia leonis J.T. Howell
Siskiyou scorpion-weed

Phacelia leptosepala Rydb.
Narrow-sepal scorpion-weed
Phacelia hastata var. leptosepala (Rydb.); Cronq.

Phacelia longipes Torr. ex Gray
Long-stalk scorpion-weed
Phacelia hardhamiae Munz

Phacelia lyonii (Gray) Rydb.
Lyon's scorpion-weed

Phacelia maculata Wood
Spotted scorpion-weed
Phacelia dubia var. fallax (Fern.); Gleason

Phacelia malvifolia Cham.
Stinging scorpion-weed
Phacelia malvifolia var. loasifolia (Benth.); Brand

Phacelia mammillarensis Atwood
Nipple beach scorpion-weed

Phacelia marcescens Eastw. ex J.F. Macbr.
Persistent-flower scorpion-weed

Phacelia minor (Harvey) Thellung ex F. Zimmerman
Suppilohunajakukka Wild canterbury-bells
Phacelia whitlavia Gray

Phacelia mohavensis Gray
Mojave scorpion-weed

Phacelia mollis J.F. Macbr.
Coffee creek scorpion-weed

Phacelia monoensis Halse
Mono county scorpion-weed

Phacelia mustelina Coville
Weasel scorpion-weed

Phacelia mutabilis Greene
Changeable scorpion-weed
Phacelia californica var. jacintensis Dundas
Phacelia heterophylla var. griseophylla (Brand); J.F. Macbr.
Phacelia heterophylla var. pseudohispida (Brand); Cronq.

Foodplant for Coelopoeta phaceliae


Phacelia nashiana Jepson
Charlotte's scorpion-weed

Phacelia neglecta M.E. Jones
Alkali scorpion-weed

Phacelia neomexicana Thurb. ex Torr.
New mexico scorpion-weed
Phacelia neomexicana var. pseudoarizonica (Brand); J. Voss

Phacelia novenmillensis Munz
Nine mile canyon scorpion-weed

Phacelia orogenes Brand
Mountain scorpion-weed

Phacelia pachyphylla Gray
Black-tack scorpion-weed

Phacelia pallida I.M. Johnston
Pale scorpion-weed

Phacelia palmeri Torr. ex S. Wats.
Palmer's scorpion-weed
Phacelia palmeri var. foetida (Goodding); Brand

Phacelia parishii Gray
Parish's scorpion-weed

Phacelia parryi Torr.
Parry's scorpion-weed
Phacelia parryi var. celata Jepson & Hoover ex Jepson

Phacelia patuliflora (Engelm. & Gray) Gray
Sand scorpion-weed
P. p. var. teucriifolia (I.M. Johnston) Constance

Phacelia peckii J.T. Howell
Peck's scorpion-weed

Phacelia pedicellata Gray
Pedicellate scorpion-weed

Phacelia peirsoniana J.T. Howell
Handsome scorpion-weed

Phacelia perityloides Coville
Panamint scorpion-weed

Phacelia phacelioides (Benth.) Brand
Mt. Diablo scorpion-weed

Phacelia platyloba Gray
Broad-lobe scorpion-weed

Phacelia popei Torr. & Gray
Pope's scorpion-weed
Phacelia depauperata Woot. & Standl.
Phacelia popei var. similis (Woot. & Standl.); J. Voss

Phacelia pringlei Gray
Pringle's scorpion-weed

Phacelia pulchella Gray
Beautiful scorpion-weed
Phacelia pulchella var. typica J.T. Howell
P. p. var. gooddingii (Brand) J.T. Howell

Phacelia purpusii Brandeg.
Purpus' scorpion-weed

Phacelia purshii Buckley
Miami-mist
Phacelia bicknellii Small
Phacelia boykinii (Gray); Small
Phacelia purshii ; [GMBOT, 678]

Phacelia quickii J.T. Howell
Quick's scorpion-weed

Phacelia racemosa (Kellogg) Brandeg.
Racemose scorpion-weed

Phacelia rafaelensis Atwood
Plateau scorpion-weed

Phacelia ranunculacea (Nutt.) Constance
Ocean-blue scorpion-weed

Phacelia robusta (J.F. Macbr.) I.M. Johnston
Stout scorpion-weed

Phacelia rotundifolia Torr. ex S. Wats.
Round-leaf scorpion-weed

Phacelia rupestris Greene
Rock scorpion-weed
Phacelia congesta var. rupestris (Greene); J.F. Macbr.

Phacelia salina (A. Nels.) J.T. Howell
Bitter creek scorpion-weed

Phacelia saxicola Gray
Stonecrop scorpion-weed

Phacelia scopulina (A. Nels.) J.T. Howell
Debeque scorpion-weed
Miltitzia scopulina (A. Nels.); Rydb.
Phacelia lutea var. scopulina (A. Nels.); Cronq.
P. s. var. submutica (J.T. Howell) Halse

Phacelia serrata J. Voss
Saw scorpion-weed

Phacelia splendens Eastw.
Patch scorpion-weed

Phacelia stebbinsii Constance & Heckard
Stebbins' scorpion-weed

Phacelia stellaris Brand
Phacelia douglasii ssp. cryptantha (Brand); Beauchamp
Phacelia douglasii var. cryptantha Brand

Phacelia strictiflora (Engelm. & Gray) Gray
Prairie scorpion-weed

Phacelia suaveolens Greene
Sweet-scented scorpion-weed
P. s. ssp. keckii (Munz & Johnston) Thorne
Phacelia keckii Munz & Johnston
Phacelia suaveolens var. keckii (Munz & Johnston); J.T. Howell

Phacelia umbrosa Greene
Colorado desert scorpion-weed

Phacelia utahensis J. Voss
Utah scorpion-weed

Phacelia vallicola Congd. ex Brand
Mariposa scorpion-weed

Phacelia vallis-mortae J. Voss
Death valley scorpion-weed
P. v. var. heliophila (J.F. Macbr.) J. Voss
Phacelia cicutaria var. heliophila (J.F. Macbr.); J.T. Howell

Phacelia verna T.J. Howell
Spring scorpion-weed

Phacelia viscida (Benth. ex Lindl.) Torr.
Tacky scorpion-weed

Phacelia welshii Atwood
Welsh's scorpion-weed


14.4.2007 (158)

References:
[BONAP]
A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of the United States, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands; A data base interface; BONAP U.S. Checklist - 1998; Provided by TAMU-BWG; Texas A & M Bioinformatics Working Group; Based on; Biota of North America Program
[DVF]
Den Virtuella floran; http://linnaeus.nrm.se/flora/welcome.html; Ett projekt vid Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Stockholm, Sweden).; Even for non-Swedish speaker, the distribution maps on species are nice (map buttons "Norden" and "Norra halvklotet")
[FPN]
Hitchcock & Cronquist, 1998; Flora of the Pacific Northwest (11th ed.); ISBN 0-295-95273-3
[GMBOT]
Robinson, Benjamin, Fernald, Lyndon, 1908; Gray's New Manual of Botany (7th edition); A Handbook of the Flowering Plants and Ferns of the Central and Northeastern United States and adjacent Canada; American Book Company
[Harri Arkkio]
Finland; For the time being these pictures are only for this site. Other usage not allowed.
[RK]
Hämet-Ahti, L., Suominen, J., Ulvinen, T. & Uotila, P. (eds), 1998; Retkeilykasvio (Field Flora of Finland); Ed. 4. 656 pp.; Finnish Museum of Natural History, Botanical Museum. Helsinki
[SK]
Mela & Cajander, 1906; Suomen Kasvio; Viides painos


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.