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Asterocampa Röber, 1916
Asterocampa Röber, 1916; in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 549, TS: Apatura celtis Boisduval & Leconte
Celtiphaga Barnes & Lindsey, 1922; Ann. ent. Soc. Amer. 15: 92, TS: Apatura celtis Boisduval & Leconte
= ; [NL4A, 248]
Asterocampa, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Asterocampa (Apaturinae) ; Friedlander, 1987, J. Res. Lep. 25 (4): 215-338; [Wahlberg]; [NL4A, 248]

The celtis species-group
true Hackberry Butterflies
celtis ; Friedlander, 1987, J. Res. Lep. 25 (4): 299

Asterocampa celtis (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835])
Mexico - E.USA. See [About maps] Hackberry Butterfly
Apatura celtis Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835]; Hist. Lép. Am. Sept. (23-26): 210, (11-22): pl. 57, f. 1-4, TL: Georgia
?Papilio lycaon Fabricius, 1793; (preocc. Papilio lycaon Kühn, 1774)
Asterocampa celtis celtis, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Asterocampa celtis, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Asterocampa celtis, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Asterocampa celtis, Georgia Lepidoptera (USA) [GALEPS]
Doxocopa celtis ; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 693
Chlorippe celtis ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 26
Asterocampa celtis ; [NACL, #4557]; [BOW: pl. 13, f. 6]; [EBW]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #1984]
[celtis-1u.jpg] 1200x811 (~229Kb) upperside USA: Alabama, 12.5.2001, Photo © Vitaly Charny [celtis-2u.jpg] 1300x966 (~232Kb) upperside USA: Alabama, 1.7.2004, Photo © Vitaly Charny [celtis-3v.jpg] 1100x844 (~133Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 4.7.2004, Photo © Vitaly Charny
[celtis-4fv.jpg] 1800x1195 (~216Kb) underside female USA: Alabama, 29.9.2004, Photo © Vitaly Charny [celtis-5v.jpg] 993x1108 (~136Kb) underside USA: Alabama, 13.8.2006, Photo © Vitaly Charny

Larva on Celtis [NAB]


S.Ontario, E.USA, Colorado [Eastern] Hackberry Butterfly
Apatura celtis ab. alb. Strecker, 1878; Synon. Cat. Macroplep.: 145 (inv.), TL: [?Coalburgh, West Virginia]
Apatura celtis alba Wright, 1905; Butts. West Coast: 58
Chlorippe celtis var. inornata Wolcott, 1916; Ent. News, 27 (3): (97-99)
Asterocampa celtis celtis ; Friedlander, 1987, J. Res. Lep. 25 (4): 221,241
A. c. alicia (Edwards, 1868)
SE.USA Apatura alicia Edwards, 1868; Butts. N. Amer. 1: [135], TL: vic. New Orleas, Louisiana
Chlorippe alicia ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 26
Asterocampa alicia ; [NACL, #4562]
Asterocampa celtis alicia ; [BNA, 255]
A. c. reinthali Friedlander, 1987
Florida, NA.Georgia, South Carolina Florida Hackberry Butterfly
Asterocampa celtis reinthali Friedlander, 1987; J. Res. Lep. 25 (4): 242, TL: Ocoee, Florida
Asterocampa celtis reinthali, Butterflies of America [BOA]
A. c. antonia (Edwards, 1877)
Texas, Arizona, N.Mexico Empress Antonia Western Hackberry Butterlfy
Apatura antonia Edwards, 1877; Field & Forest 3: 103 (?[1878]), TL: vic. Norse, Bosque Co., Texas
Apatura antonia var. montis Edwards, 1883; Papilio 3 (1) : 7 [?ref.], TL: vic Ft. Grant, Graham Mtn, Cochise Co., Arizona
= ; [NL4A, #1984a]
Asterocampa celtis antonia, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Asterocampa celtis antonia, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Asterocampa celtis antonia, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Chlorippe montis ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 26
Asterocampa montis ; [NACL, #4559]
Chlorippe antonia ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 26
Asterocampa antonia ; [NACL, #4558]
Asterocampa celtis antonia ; Friedlander, 1987, J. Res. Lep. 25 (4): 221, 243; [BNA, 255]; [NL4A, #1984a]

Larva on Celtis [NAB]


Asterocampa leilia (Edwards, 1874)
Arizona, Texas. See [About maps] Empress Leilia Desert Hackberry Butterfly
Apatura leilia Edwards, 1874; Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 5 (2): 103, TL: "Camp Lowell and in Sonoto Valley, Arizona"
Apatura cocles W. H. Edwards, 1884; (nom. nud.)
= ; [NL4A, #1987]
Apatura cocles Lintner, [1885]; Papilio 4 (7/8) : 141, TL: Hidalgo, Texas
= ; [NL4A, #1987]
Asterocampa leilia, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Asterocampa leilia, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Asterocampa leilia, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Asterocampa leilia, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Asterocampa leilia, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Chlorippe cocles ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 27
Asterocampa leilia cocles ; [NACL, #4561a]
Asterocampa leila[sic, recte leilia] ; [EBW, (name only)]
Chlorippe leilia ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 26
Asterocampa leilia ; [NACL, #4561]; Friedlander, 1987, J. Res. Lep. 25 (4): 222, 254; [Opler]; [NL4A, #1987]

Larva on Celtis pallida [NAB]


The clyton species-group
American Emperor Butterflies
clyton ; Friedlander, 1987, J. Res. Lep. 25 (4): 299

Asterocampa clyton (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835])
-. See [About maps] Tawny Emperor
Apatura clyton Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835]; Hist. Lép. Am. Sept. (23-26): 208, TL: "meridionales des États-Unis" [?Screven Co., Georgia]
Asterocampa clyton clyton, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Asterocampa clyton, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Chlorippe clyton ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 26
Asterocampa clyton ; [NACL, #4562.1]; [BOW: pl. 13, f. 7-8]; [BNA, 255]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #1985]

Larva on Celtis [NAB]

E.USA, S.Ontario Tawny Emperor
Apatura ocellata Edwards, 1876; Butts N. Amer. 2: [245], TL: Coalburgh, West Virginia
Apatura proserpina Scudder, 1868; Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 11 : 401, TL: Iowa
Apatura clyton ab. nig. Strecker, 1878; Synon. Cat. Macroplep.: 145, TL: Berks Co., Pennsylvania
Apatura clyton nig Smith, 1903
Asterocampa clyton clyton ; Friedlander, 1987, J. Res. Lep. 25 (4): 222, 261
Chlorippe clyton proserpina ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 26
A. c. flora (Edwards, 1876)
Florida, NA.Georgia Empress Flora Florida Emperor
Aparura flora Edwards, 1876; Butts N. Amer. 2: [247], TL: Palatka, Florida
Asterocampa clyton flora, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Chlorippe flora ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 27
Asterocampa flora ; [NACL, #4563]
Asterocampa clyton flora ; Friedlander, 1987, J. Res. Lep. 25 (4): 222, 262

Larva on Celtis laerigata [NAB]

A. c. texana (Skinner, 1911)
Texas, Arizona, New Mexico, N.Mexico Texas Emperor Pale Emperor
Chlorippe clyton var. texana Skinner, 1911; Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 37 : 214, TL: Round Mt., Texas
Chlorippe clyton subpallida Barnes & McDunnough, 1913; Contr. nat. Hist. Lep. N. Am. 2 (3) : 99, TL: Babaquivera[sic] Mtns., Pima Co., Arizona
= ; [NL4A, #1985b]
Asterocampa clyton texana, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Asterocampa clyton texana, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Asterocampa clyton texana, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Asterocampa clyton texana ; [NL4A, #1985b]
Asterocampa subpallida ; [NACL, #4560]
Asterocampa texana ; [NACL, #4564]
Asterocampa clyton texana ; Friedlander, 1987, J. Res. Lep. 25 (4): 222, 262
A. c. louisa Stallings & Turner, 1947
S.Texas, NE.Mexico Empress Louisa [Rio Grande] Valley Emperor
Asterocampa clyton louisa Stallings & Turner, 1947; Ent. News 58 (2) : 38, TL: Pharr, Texas
Asterocampa clyton louisa, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Asterocampa clyton louisa, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Asterocampa louisa ; [NACL, #4565]
Asterocampa clyton louisa ; Friedlander, 1987, J. Res. Lep. 25 (4): 222, 263; [NL4A, #1985a]

Asterocampa idyja (Geyer, [1828])
-. See [About maps] Dusky Emperor
Doxocopa idyja Geyer, [1828]; in Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3 : pl. [13], TL: Cuba
Asterocampa idyja, NSG Voucher Specimen [Wahlberg]
Asterocampa idyja, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Asterocampa idyja ; [Opler]; [NL4A, #1986]
Cuba, Haiti, Puerto Rico Dusky Emperor
Papilio herse Fabricius, 1793; (preocc. Hufnagel, 1766)
= ; [NL4A, #1986a]
Doxocopa idyja padola Fruhstorfer, 1912; Ent. Rundschau 29 (2) : 14, TL: Haiti
= ; [NL4A, #1986a]
Asterocampa idyja idyja ; Friedlander, 1987, J. Res. Lep. 25 (4): 222, 272; [NL4A, #1986a]
A. i. argus (Bates, 1864)
Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Belize Banded Emperor
Apatura argus Bates, 1864; Ent. mon. Mag. 1 (6): 130, TL: Motagua Valley, Guatemala
Doxocopa argus f. armilla Fruhstorfer, 1912; Ent. Rundschau 29 (2) : 14, TL: [Honduras]
= ; [NL4A, #1986b]
Asterocampa idyja argus, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Asterocampa idyja argus, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Asterocampa idyja argus, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Apatura argus ; Godman & Salvin, [1884], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 3: pl. 30, f. 12-14
Doxocopa argus ; Godman & Salvin, [1884], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 319; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 693
Asterocampa argus ; [BOW: pl. 13, f. 7 (text only)]
Asterocampa idyja argus ; Friedlander, 1987, J. Res. Lep. 25 (4): 222, 272; [NL4A, #1986b]
[argus-1f.jpg] 567x529 (~39Kb) female Belize, Central America, Photo © John Shuey [argus-1m.jpg] 466x504 (~31Kb) male Belize, Central America, Photo © John Shuey


18.3.2013 (4)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[BNA]
Scott, 1986; The Butterflies of North America
[BOA]
Interactive Listing of American Butterflies; Listado Interactivo de la Mariposas Americanas; Butterflies of America
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[Bruce Walsh]
Bruce Walsh; e-mail: Bruce Walsh; The Moths of Southeastern Arizona; Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[GALEPS]
Moths and Butterflies of Georgia and the Southeastern United States; James K. Adams; Dept. of Natural Science, Dalton State College, Dalton, GA ; http://www.daltonstate.edu/galeps/index.htm
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[ILMB]
Interactive Listing of Mexican Butterflies
[JRL]
The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera; JRL Archive
[John Shuey]
e-mail: jshuey at tnc.org; Director of Conservation Science; Indiana Office of The Nature Conservancy; http://www.nature.org
[LAMAS-2005]
Gerardo Lamas; Entomofauna 26 (6): 57-100; A Bibliography of the Zoological Publications of Hans Fruhstorfer (1886* - 1922+)
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[NAB]
Pyle, 1981; Field Guide to North American Butterflies, National Audubon Society; ISBN 0-394-51914-0
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NL4A]
Gerardo Lamas, 2004; Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
[Opler]
Opler & Warren, 2003 (April); Butterflies of North America. 2. Scientific Names List for Butterfly Species of North America, north of Mexico.
[Vitaly Charny]
Birmingham, Alabama, USA
[Wahlberg]
Niklas Wahlberg; The NSG's voucher specimen database; Nymphalidae Systematics Group


Some related literature:
Barnes & Lindsey, 1922
A review of some generic names in the order Lepidoptera Ann. ent. Soc. Amer. 15: 89-99
Barnes & McDunnough, 1913
New North American Lepidoptera with notes on described species Contr. nat. Hist. Lep. N. Am. 2 (3) : 93-165, pl. 1-9, I-IX
Bates, 1864
New species of butterflies from Guatemala and Panama, collected by Osbert Salvin and F. du Cane Godman, Esqs. Ent. mon. Mag. 1 (1): 1-6 (1864), (2): 31-35 (1864), (3): 55-59 (1864), (4): 81-85 (1864), (5): 113-116 (1864), (6): 126-131 (1864), (7): 161-164 (1864), (8): 178-180 (1865), (9): 202-205 (1865)
Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835]
Histoire générale et iconographie des lépidoptères et des chenilles de l'Amérique septentrionale Hist. Lép. Am. Sept. (1): 1-16. pl. 1-3 (1829), (2): 17-24, pl. 4-6 (1829), (3/4): 25-40, pl. 7-12 ([1830]), (5/6): 41-56, pl. 13-18 ([1830]), (7/8): 57-80, pl. 19-24 ([1830]), (9/10): 81-100, pl. 25-30 (1833), (11-22): 101-196, pl. 31-65 ([1835]), (23-26): 197-228, pl. 66-78 ([1837])
Dyar, 1903
A List of North American Lepidoptera and Key to the Literature of this Order of Insects Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 1-723
Edwards, 1868
The Butteflies of North America. Vol. I. Butts. N. Amer. 1: 218pp, 50pls
Edwards, 1876
The Butteflies of North America. Vol. II. Butts N. Amer. 2: 357pp, 51pls
Edwards, 1874
Descriptions of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera found in North America Trans. amer. ent. Soc. 5 (1): 13-19, (2): 103-111
Edwards, 1877
Descriptions of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera found in North America Field & Forest 3: 86-89, 101-105.
Edwards, 1883
Notes on the collection of butterflies made by Mr. H. K. Morrison in Arizona, 1882 Papilio 3 (1) : 1-10
Friedlander, 1987
Taxononomy, Phylogeny and Biogeography of Asterocampa Röber 1916 (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Apaturinae) J. Res. Lep. 25 (4): 215-338
Fruhstorfer, 1912
Neue Nymphaliden des neotropischen Gebietes aus der Sammlung Staudinger. Ent. Rundschau 29 (2) : 14-15 (27 January)
Godman & Salvin, [1884]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. Vol. 1. (1879-1886) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 1: 1-487, 3: pl. 1-24,24a,25-112
Godman & Salvin, [1901]
Biologia Centrali-Americana. Rhopalocera. (1887-1901) Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 1-782, 3: pl. 1-112
Geyer, [1828]
Sammlung exotischer Schmetterlinge, Vol. 3 ([1827] - [1838]) in Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3 : pl. [9], [11], [21], [26-27], [32], [43], [45] (1827), : pl. [7], [13], [35], [42] (1828), : pl. [20], [22], [37-38] (1829), : pl. [17], [24], [41], [49] (1830), : pl. [30] (1831), : pl. [25], [28], [31], [44], [50-51] (1832), : pl. [5-6], [14-16], [29], [48], [52], [54] (1833), : pl. [1], [12], [18] (1834), : pl. [2-4], [10], [19], [23], [39], [46] (1835), : pl. [40] (1836-1837), : pl. [8], [33-34], [36], [47], [53] (1838)
Lintner, [1885]
On some Rio Grande Lepidoptera Papilio 4 (7/8) : 135-147
Röber, 1916
L. Gruppe Apaturidi in Seitz, Gross-Schmetterl. Erde 5 : 545-550 (18 April), : pl. 109,110A,110B
Scudder, 1868
[no title] Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 11 : 401-403
Skinner, 1911
The Boreal America Species of Chlorippe (Doxocopa, Apaura) Lepidoptera Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 37 : 211-214
Stallings & Turner, 1947
Texas Lepidoptera (with description of a new subspecies) Ent. News 58 (2) : 37-41
Strecker, 1878
Butterflies and Moths of North America Synon. Cat. Macroplep.: -
Wolcott, 1916
Description of two Hitherto Undescribed Aberrations, the one of Argynnis alcestis, the of the Chlorippe celtis (Lep.) Ent. News, 27 (3) : 97-99, pl. 4
Wright, 1905
The Butterflies of the West Coast of the United States Butts. West Coast: 257pp


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.