Nymphalidae Swainson, 1827
Emperors, Admirals, Tortoiseshells, Fritillaries,
Higher classification is after [
Wahlberg], November 2005.
— 14 spp.
Boisduval,  Danainae
Tigers and Crows
— 502 spp.
Charaxinae — 353 spp.
Morphinae — 243 spp.
Graylings, Ringlets, Browns, Heaths
— 2309 spp.
Calinaginae — 10 spp.
Heliconiinae — 554 spp.
— 1059 spp.
Guenée, 1865 Cyrestinae — 53 spp.
Boisduval, 1833 Biblidinae — 307 spp.
— 90 spp.
Nokkosperhoset, Amiraalit, ...
Tortoiseshells, Admirals, ...
— 508 spp.
1046x1144 (~115Kb) pupa Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya, a chain of muddy pools behind the chain of hotels along the Jomtien Beach. 2nd February 2005, Photo © Oleg Kosterin
721x1068 (~83Kb) pupa Thailand, Chon Buri Province, Pattaya, a small wood at a grassy swamp at the Jomtien beach, between B.O. Guesthouse and Jomtien Metro Condotel, 2nd January, 2006 (killed by some parasite), Photo © Oleg Kosterin
The exact identification of these species is still unknown,
but tentatively assumed to belong into this group.
Some related literature:
[NACL]; Hodges, 1983
Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
Check List Lep. Am. N of Mexico
Korb & Bolshakov, 2011
[A catalogue of butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilioformes) of the former USSR. Second edition, reformatted and updated] (in Russian)
Eversmannia Suppl. 2
[NL4A]; Lamas, 2004
Checklist: Part 4A, Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera
[RFEL]; Leley, 2016
Annotated catalogue of the insects of Russian Far East. Volume II. Lepidoptera
Cat. ins. Russian Far East. 2 van Nieukerken et al., 2011
in Zhang (Ed.), Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Order Lepidoptera Linnaeus, 1758
If you have corrections, comments or
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Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.