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Alaena Boisduval, 1847
Zulus
Alaena Boisduval, 1847; in Delegorgue, Voyage Afr. australe, 2: 591, TS: Acraea amazoula Boisduval
Alaena (Pentilini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 423; [BK, 155]
Alaena (Pentilina) ; [AfrL]

Alaena amazoula Boisduval, 1847
Cape - Natal, Swaziland, Transvaal, Rhodesia, Botswana. See [About maps] Alaena amazoula Boisduval, 1847; in Delegorgue, Voyage Afr. australe, 2: 591
Alaena amazoula ; [AfrL]

Larva on (Rock Lichen) [PBSA]

E.Cape, Natal Alaena amazoula amazoula ; [BAFR, 414]; [AfrL]
A. a. ochroma Vári, 1976
Transvaal, Mozambique, Rhodesia Alaena amazoula ochroma Vári, 1976; Ann. Transv. Mus. 30 (13) : 128
Alaena amazoula ochroma ; [BAFR, 414 (text)]; [AfrL]
A. a. congoana Aurivillius, 1914
S.Zaire, Angola, Namibia? Alaena amazoula congoana ; [BAFR, 414 (text)]; [AfrL]
A. a. nyasana Hawker-Smith, 1933
Yellow Zulu
Alaena amazoula nyasana ; [BAFR, 414]; [BK: 155, pl. 12, f. 114]; [AfrL]

Larva on (lichens on rocks) [BK]


Alaena margaritacea Eltringham, 1929
Transvaal (Wolkberg Mts). See [About maps] Alaena margaritacea Eltringham, 1929; Trans. R. ent. Soc. 77 : 492, TL: Wolkberg Mts, N.Transvaal
Alaena margaritacea ; [BAFR, 414]; [AfrL]

Larva on (Rock Lichen) [PBSA]


Alaena unimaculosa Hawker-Smith, 1926
S.Zaire (Sandoa, Luvua Valley). See [About maps] Alaena unimaculosa ; [BAFR, 414]; [AfrL]
Alaena unimaculosa unimaculosa ; [AfrL]
A. u. aurantiaca Butler, 1895
unimaculosa aurantiaca Butler, 1895; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1895 (2) : 262, pl. 15, f. 4
Alaena unimaculosa aurantiaca ; [AfrL]

Alaena bicolora Bethune-Baker, 1924
E.Tanzania - SW.Tanzania. See [About maps] Alaena bicolora ; [BAFR, 414]; [AfrL]

Alaena bjornstadi Kielland, 1993
Alaena bjornstadi ; [AfrL]

Alaena dodomaensis Kielland, 1983
Alaena dodomaensis ; [AfrL]

Alaena exotica Collins & Larsen, 2005
Alaena exotica ; [AfrL]

Alaena interposita Butler, 1883
-. See [About maps] Alaena interposita Butler, 1883; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 12 (68) : 103, TL: Victoria Nyanza
Alaena interposita ; [AfrL]
Lake Victoria (Nyanza) Alaena interposita interposia ; [BAFR, 414 (text)]
Alaena interposita interposita ; [AfrL]
A. i. hauttecoeuri (Oberthür, 1888)
W.Tansania, Zaire, Zambia Alaena hauttecoeuri Oberthür, 1888; Étud. d'Ent. 12 : 7, pl. 3, f. 7, 9
?Alaena interposita hauttecoeuri f. aurantiaca ; [BAFR, 414, fig.]
Alaena interposita hauttecoeuri ; [BAFR, 414]; [AfrL]

Alaena brainei Vári, 1976
South West Africa. See [About maps] Alaena brainei Vári, 1976; Ann. Transv. Mus. 30 (13) : 128
Alaena brainei ; [BAFR, 414]; [AfrL]

Alaena madibirensis Wichgraf, 1921
Tanzania (Madibira). See [About maps] Alaena madibirensis Wichgraf, 1921; , TL: Madibira, Kigonsera, Tanzania
Alaena madibirensis ; [AfrL]; [BAFR, 414 (text)]

Alaena nyassa Hewitson, 1877
-. See [About maps] Alaena nyassa Hewitson, 1877; Ent. mon. Mag. 14 : 6, TL: Lake Nyassa
Alaena nyassa var. ochracea Butler, 1894; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1893 : 659, TL: Zomba
Alaena nyassa ; [AfrL]
Malawi, Rhodesia Alaena nyassa nyassa ; [BAFR, 415]; [AfrL]
A. n. major Oberthür, 1888
E.Tanzania (Usambara, Uluguru Mts) Alaena major Oberthür, 1888; Étud. d'Ent. 12 : 7, pl. 2, f. 5
Alaena nyassa major ; [BAFR, 415 (text)]; [AfrL]
A. n. marmorata Hawker-Smith, 1933
Zaire, NW.Zambia - Lake Tanganyika Alaena nyassa marmorata ; [BAFR, 415 (text)]; [AfrL]

Alaena ackeryi D'Abrera, 1980
S.Malawi (Mt Mlanje). See [About maps] Alaena ackeryi D'Abrera, 1980; Butterflies of the Afrotropical Region: 415, figs., TL: Mlanje, Nyasaland

Alaena johanna Sharpe, 1890
E.Kenya, Tanzania, Somalia, Ethiophia. See [About maps] Johanna's Zulu
Alaena johanna Sharpe, 1890; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 5 (30) : 442, TL: [East Africa]
Alaena johanna ; [BAFR, 415]; [BK: 155, pl. 12, f. 115]; [AfrL]
Alaena johanna johanna ; [BK, 155 (note)]; [AfrL]
A. j. tsavoa Jackson, 1966
Alaena johanna tsavoa ; [BK, 155 (note)]; [AfrL]

Alaena ngonga Jackson, 1966
C.Kenya (endemic). See [About maps] Alaena ngonga ; [BAFR, 415]; [BK: 156, pl. 12, f. 116]; [AfrL]

Alaena caissa Rebel & Rogenhofer, 1894
-. See [About maps] Alaena caissa ; [AfrL]
N.Tanzania Alaena caissa caissa ; [BAFR, 415 (text)]; [AfrL]
A. c. kagera Talbot, 1935
Uganda (W of Lake Victoria) Alaena caissa kagera ; [BAFR, 415]; [AfrL]

Alaena ferrulineata Hawker-Smith, 1933
N.Tanzania (Ngorongoro Crater, L. Manyara), S.Tanzania (Chunya). See [About maps] Alaena ferrulineata ; [BAFR, 415]; [AfrL]

Alaena reticulata Butler, 1896
Malawi, Zambia, S.Tanzania. See [About maps] Alaena reticulata ; [BAFR, 415]; [AfrL]

Alaena subrubra Bethune-Baker, 1915
S.Sudan, N.Uganda. See [About maps] Alaena subrubra ; [BAFR, 416]; [AfrL]

Alaena maculata Hawker-Smith, 1933
-. See [About maps] Alaena maculata ; [AfrL]
SE.Zaire Alaena maculata maculata ; [BAFR, 416]
A. m. ochrea Hawker-Smith˛
S.Zaire (Luvau Valley) Alaena maculata ochrea ; [BAFR, 416 (text)]

Alaena picata Sharpe, 1896
Malawi - Kenya. See [About maps] Alaena picata Sharpe, 1896; Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 17 (98) : 126
Alaena picata ; Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1902, Rhop. Exot. [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 143, pl. 30, f. 1-2; [BAFR, 416 (text)]; [BK: 156, pl. 12, f. 117]; [AfrL]
Alaena picata picata ; [AfrL]
A. p. interrupta Hawker-Smith, 1933
Alaena picata interrupta ; [BAFR, 416]; [BK, 156 (note)]; [AfrL]

Alaena kiellandi Carcasson, 1965
SW.Tanzania. See [About maps] Alaena kiellandi ; [BAFR, 416]; [AfrL]

Alaena ochracea Gifford, 1965
S.Malawi (Shire Highlands). See [About maps] Alaena ochracea ; [BAFR, 416]; [AfrL]

Alaena rosei Vane-Wright, 1980
Angola. See [About maps] Alaena rosei Vane-Wright, 1980; in D'Abrera, Butterflies of the Afrotropical Region: 416, figs, TL: Angola, 10 miles east of Gabela
Alaena rosei ; [AfrL]

Alaena lamborni Gifford, 1965
S.Malawi (Mangoche, Mlanje, Cholo, Limbe). See [About maps] Alaena lamborni ; [BAFR, 416 (text)]; [AfrL]

Alaena oberthuri Aurivillius, 1899
SE.Zaire, NW.Zambia - L. Tanganyika. See [About maps] Alaena oberthuri Aurivillius, 1899; K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 31 (5) : 256
Alaena oberthuri ; [BAFR, 416 (text, = maculata?)]; [AfrL]

Alaena sp. [Collins]
S.Kenya (South Kavirondo). See [About maps] Alaena sp. ; [BK: 156, pl. 12, f. 118]


Unknown or unplaced taxa

Alaena rollei Suffert, 1904; Insektenbörse 21 : 134, TL: Tanga, Usambara
Alaena mulsa Thieme, 1904; Berl. ent. Z. 49 (1/1) : 164, pl. 1, f. 2, TL: Nguele, Usambara
= Alaena rollei ; Thieme, 1904, Berl. ent. Z. 49 (1/1) : 164 (note)
Alaena rollei ; Suffert, 1904, Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 39, pl. 1, f. 5


3.5.2013 (25)

References:
[AJA]
African Journal Archive
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[AfrL]
Mark C. Williams; Checklist of Afrotropical Papilionoidea and Hesperoidea; Compiled by Mark C. Williams, 7th ed. (2008) (April 2007); Afrototropical Butterflies; e-mail: Mark C. Williams
[BAFR]
D'Abrera, 1980; Butterflies of the Afrotropical Region
[BK]
Larsen, 1996; The Butterflies of Kenya and their natural history
[PBSA]
Dickson, C.G.C (ed.), Kroon, D.M.; Pennington's Butterflies of Southern Africa; AD. DONKER 1978
[˛]
This may require parentheses or not. I don't have the necessary information for this taxon.


Some related literature:
Aurivillius, 1899
Rhopalocera Aethiopica. Die tagfalter des Aethiopischen Faunegebietes K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 31 (5) : 1-561, pl. 1-6
Boisduval, 1847
Catalogue des Lépidoptčres recuellis par M. Delegorgue, 1833-1844 in Delegorgue, Voyage Afr. australe, 2: 585-614
Butler, 1883
On some Lepidoptera from the Victoria Nyanza Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 12 (68) : 101-107
Butler, 1894
On two collection of Lepidoptera sent by H. H. Johnston, Esq., C.B., from British Central Africa Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1893 : 643-684, pl. 60 (1894)
Butler, 1895
On collections of Lepidoptera from British Central Africa and Lake Tanganyika Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1895 (2) : 250-270, pl. 15-16
Eliot, 1973
The higher classification of the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera): a tentative Arrangement Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 373-505, 162fgs, pl. 1-6
Eltringham, 1929
African Rhopalocera: Descriptions and notes Trans. R. ent. Soc. 77 : 475-505, pl. 30-31
Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1902
Rhopalocera Exotica, being Illustrations of New, Rare, and Unfigured Species of Butterflies Rhop. Exot. [1] 1: (Ornithoptera) 1-2, pl. 1 (1887), [1] 2: (Ornithoptera) 3-4, pl. 2 (1892), [1] 3: (Ornithoptera) [5-6] 1-2, pl. 3 (1900), [1] 3: (Ornithoptera) 7-8, pl. 4 (1901), [1] 1: (Papilio) 1-2, pl. 1 (1887), [1] 1: (Papilio) 3-5,7-14, pl. 2-6 (1888), [1] 1: (Papilio) 15-20, pl. 7-9 (1890), [1] 1: (Papilio) 21-25, pl. 10-11 (1891), [1] 2: (Papilio) 27-31, pl. 12-13 (1893), [1] 2: (Papilio) 33-35, pl. 14 (1894), [1] 2: (Papilio) 37-38, pl. 15 (1895), [1] 2: (Papilio) 39-40, pl. 16 (1897), [1] 3: (Papilio) 41-46, pl. 17-19 (1899), [1] 3: (Papilio) 47-48, pl. 20 (1900), [1] 3: (Papilio) 49-50, pl. 21 (1901), [1] 3: (Papilio) 51-55, pl. 22-23 (1902), [1] 1: (Delias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [1] 2: (Delias) 5-7, 9-11, pl. 2-3 (1893), [1] 2: (Delias) 12-18, pl. 4-5 (1895), [1] 2: (Delias) 20-22, pl. 6 (1896), [1] 3: (Delias) 24-26, pl. 7 (1897), [1] 3: (Delias) 28-35, pl. 8-9 (1901), [1] 3: (Delias) 36-38, pl. 10 (1902), [1] 1: (Pieridae) 1-3, pl. 1 (1888), [1] 2: (Pinacopteryx) 1-4, pl. 1 (1893), [1] 1: (Callosune) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [1] 3: (Huphina) 1-7, pl. 1-2 (1898), [1] 3: (Huphina) [8],9-10, pl. 3 (1899), [1] 1: (Elodina) 1-4, pl. 1 (1890), [1] 1: (Belenois) 1-4, pl. 1 (1892), [1] 2: (Belenois) 5-8, pl. 2 (1892), [1] 3: (Mylothris) 1-3, 5-7, pl. 1-2 (1900), [1] 1: (Ixias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1888), [1] 2: (Appias) 1-3, pl. 1 (1894), [1] 1: (Pierinae) 5-7, pl. 2 (1889), [1] 2: (Dismorphia) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [1] 2: (Dismorphia) 5-9, 11-15, pl. 2-3 (1897), [2] 1: (Asthipa) 1-3, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 2: (Asthipa) 5-6, pl. 2 (1896), [2] 2: (Ravadeba) 7, pl. 1 (1896), [2] 2: (Mycalesis) 1-4, pl. 1 (1895), [2] 2: (Mycalesis) 5-12, pl. 2-3 (1896), [2] 3: (Mycalesis) 13-18, pl. 4-5 (1902), [2] 3: (Libythea) 1-2, pl. 1 (1902), : (Ragadia-Argyronympha-Hypocysta) : 1-6, pl. [1] (1895), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 1-5, pl. 1 (1893), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 7-9, pl. 2 (1894), [2] 2: (Pedaliodes) 10-14, pl. 3 (1895), [2] 3: (Pedaliodes) 15-20, pl. 4-5, (Oxeoschistus) 1 (1900), [2] 3: (Pronophila) 1-2, pl. 1, (Oxeoschistus) 2-3, pl. 1 (1900), [2] 2: (Elymnias) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [2] 3: (Elymnias) 5-6, pl. 2, (Bruasa) 6-7, pl. 1 (1897), [2] 1: (Morpho) 1-2, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 3: (Morphotenaris-Hyantis) 1-3, pl. [1] (1898), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 1-3, 5-7, pl. 1-2 (1894), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 9-11, pl. 3 (1895), [2] 2: (Tenaris) 13-15, pl. 4 (1896), [2] 3: (Tenaris) 17-18, pl. 5 (1898), [2] 1: (Heliconius) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Acraea) 1-6, pl. 1-2 (1889), [2] 1: (Acraea) 7-10, pl. 3 (1892), [2] 2: (Acraea) 11-14, pl. 4 (1892), [2] 2: (Acraea) 15-18, pl. 5 (1894), [2] 3: (Acraea) 19-29, pl. 6-8, (Planema) 29-30, pl. [1] (1901), [2] 1: (Cethosia) 1-2, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 3: (Cirrhochroa) 1, pl. [1], (Cupha) 2-4, pl. [1] (1898), [2] 2: (Terinos) 1-2, pl. 1 (1894), [2] 1: (Thaleropis) 1-3, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 2: (Doleschallia) 1-3,5-7, pl. 1-2 (1893), [2] 2: (Kallima) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Hypolimnas) 1-2, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 3: (Hypolimnas) 3-4, pl. 2 (1897), [2] 3: (Hypolimnas) 5-6, pl. 3 (1898), [2] 1: (Euxanthe) 1-3, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 1: (Hestina) 1-3, pl. 1 (1891), [2] 1: (Cymothoe) 1-4, pl. 1 (1890), [2] 3: (Limenitis) 1-3, pl. 1 (1899), [2] 2: (Neptis) 1-4, pl. 1 (1895), [2] 3: (Neptis) 5-11, pl. 2-3 (1899), [2] 3: (Neptis) 13-17, pl. 4-5 (1900), [2] 1: (Euthalia-Tanaecia) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Euthalia) 5-10, pl. 2-3 (1891), [2] 2: (Euthalia) 11-14, pl. 4 (1894), [2] 3: (Euthalia) 15, pl. 5, (Dichorragia) 16, pl. 1 (1898), [2] 1: (Apatura) 1-3, pl. 1 (1892), [2] 1: (Euphaedra) 1-2, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Euryphene) 1-3, pl. 1 (1889), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 1-2,[3-4] pl. 1-2 (1887), [2] 1: (Charaxes) [5], pl. 3 (1888), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 7-9, pl. 4 (1890), [2] 1: (Charaxes) 11-13, pl. 5 (1891), [2] 1: (Mynes) 1-2, pl. 1 (1888), [2] 2: (Mynes) 3-6, pl. 2 (1894), [2] 2: (Prothoe) 1-2, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 3: (Erycinidae) 1-10, pl. 1-2 (1902), [3] 2: (Dicallaneura-etc) 1-6, pl. 1 (1897), [3] 3: (Dicallaneura-etc) 7-11, pl. 2 (1901), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 1-4,[5-9] 1-5, pl. 1-2 (1887), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 11-17, 19-22, pl. 3-5 (1888), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 23-25, 27-29, 31-33, pl. 6-8 (1889), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 35-48, pl. 9-11 (1890), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) 49-51,53-64, pl. 12-15 (1891), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 65-68, pl. 16 (1892), [3] 1: (Lycaenidae) [69-72] 57-60, pl. 17 (1892), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) [73-77] 61-65,79-84, pl. 18-19 (1892), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 85-107, pl. 20-23 (1893), [3] 2: (Lycaenidae) 109-120, pl. 24-25 (1894), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 121-125, pl. 26 (1900), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 127-131, 133-141, pl. 27-29 (1901), [3] 3: (Lycaenidae) 143-146, pl. 30 (1902), [3] 2: (Hypochrysops) 1-6, pl. 1 (1894), [3] 2: (Hypochrysops) 7-13, 15-22, pl. 2-3 (1895), [3] 2: (Thysonotis) 23-25, 27-31, pl. 1-2 (1895), [3] 2: (Waigeum) 34-38, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 2: (Thysonotis) 39-46, pl. 3-4 (1896), [3] 2: (Holochila) 1-4, pl. 1 (1896), [3] 2: (Holochila) 5-8, pl. 2 (1897), [3] 2: (Pseudonotis) 1-3, pl. [1], (Epimastidia) 4-5, pl. [1], (Lampides) 5-8, pl. [1] (1897), [3] 2: (Lampides) 9-10, pl. 2, (Thysonotis) 47, pl. 5 (1897), [3] 3: (Holochila) 9-11, pl. 3 (1898), [3] 3: (Arhopala) 1-7, pl. 1-2 (1898), [3] 3: (Arhopala) 9-12, pl. 3, (Ilerda) 13, pl. [1], (Horaga) 14-15, pl. [1] (1902), [3] 3: (Thysonotis) 47x,48-50, pl. 6 (1898), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 23-26, pl. 4 (1898), [3] 3: (Holochila) 13-15, pl. 4 (1899), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 27-29, pl. 5, (Waigeum) [30], pl. 2 (1899), [3] 3: (Holochila) 17-19, pl. 5 (1899), [3] 3: (Thysonotis) 51-54, pl. 7 (1899), [3] 3: (Jamides) 11-14, pl. 1 (1900), [3] 3: (Hypolycaena-etc) 1-4, pl. [1] (1900), [3] 3: (Hypochrysops) 31-33, pl. 6, (Thysonotis) 55-56, pl. 8 (1900), [3]: (Additions-Corrections) 1-2,[3],vii-x
Hewitson, 1877
Description of a new species of butterfly from Lake Nyassa Ent. mon. Mag. 14 : 5-6
Oberthür, 1888
Lépidoptčres exotiques nouveaux ou peu connus Étud. d'Ent. 12 : 1-8, pl. 1-3,7
Sharpe, 1890
Further Descriptions of Butterflies and Moths collected by Mr. F. J. Jackson in Eastern Africa Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 5 (30) : 440-443
Sharpe, 1896
Descriptions of Three new Species of Lepidoptera from East Africa Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 17 (98) : 125-127
Suffert, 1904
Neue afrikansche Tagfalter aus dem kön. zool. Museum, Berlin, und meiner Sammlung Dt. Ent. Z. Iris 17 (1) : 12-107, pl. 1-3
Suffert, 1904
Eine neue Lycaenide aus Deutsche-Ostafrika Insektenbörse 21 : 134
Thieme, 1904
Eine neue Alaena aus Deutsch Ost-Afrika Berl. ent. Z. 49 (1/1) : 164, pl. 1
Vári, 1976
South African Lepidoptera 7. Descriptions and notes of new taxa of Rhopalocera Ann. Transv. Mus. 30 (13) : 121-144, pl. 13-17


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.