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Leptotes Scudder, 1876
Zebra Blues
Leptotes Scudder, 1876; Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 3 : 124, TS: Lycaena theonus Lucas
Syntarucus Butler, [1901]; Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1900 (4) : 929, TS: Papilio telicanus Lang
= ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 155; [NL4A, 138]
Syntarucoides Kaye, 1904; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1904 (2) : 190, TS: Papilio cassius Cramer
= ; [NL4A, 138]
Langia Tutt, 1906; (preocc. Moore, 1872)
= Syntarucus ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 446
= ; [NL4A, 138]
Raywardia Tutt, 1908; (repl. name)
= ; [NL4A, 138]
Syntaruchoides ; Sharp, [1905], Zool. Rec (year 1904) (Ins.): 251 (missp.)
Syntarucoides (Polyommatini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 446
Syntarucus (Polyommatini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 446
Leptotes (Lycaenidae) ; [BRU2, 138]
Leptotes (Polyommatinae) ; [NL4A, 138]
Leptotes (Polyommatini) ; Eliot, 1973, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 28 (6) : 446; [BK, 230]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 155; [Opler]; [AfrL]

Leptotes pirithous (Linnaeus, 1767)
AF, SEU, Egypt, Lebanon, Asia Minor - Himalaya, South West Africa, South Africa. See [About maps] Lang's Short-tailed Blue Common Zebra Blue Gris Estriada Modrogończyk wędrowiec
Papilio pirithous Linnaeus, 1767; Syst. Nat. (Edn 12) 1 (2): 790, TL: Algeria
Papilio telicanus Lang, 1789; Verz. Schmett. Gegend. Augsburg (ed. 2) : 47, TL: Germany
Leptotes pirithous, Moths and Butterflies of Europe [MBE]
Syntarucus pirithous, Europaische Schmetterlinge [Mario Maier]
Leptotes pirithous, Captain's European Butterfly Guide [Simon Coombes]
Syntarucus pirithous ; [H&R, 250]
Syntarucus pyrithous[sic, recte pirithous] ; [EBW, (name)]
Leptotes pirithous ; [BK: 231, f. 15d (m.gen.), pl. 24, f. 325]; [BRU2: 138, pl. 62, f. 16-18]; [MadL]; [AfrL]; [Otakar Kudrna]
telivanus (Lang); [EBW, (missp. synonym)]
[pirithous-1v.jpg] 358x450 (~34Kb) underside Axat, Pyrenees Orientales, France 24/07/96, Photo © Simon Coombes

Larva on Plumbago capensis, Indigofera, Rynchosia, Vigna, Burkea, Mundulea, Melilotus, Crataegus [PBSA], Quercus suber, Medicago sativa, Trifolium alexandrium, Arachis hypogaea [BMAT], (in Europe) Lythrum sp., Calluna sp., Genista sp., Dorycnium sp. [BMAT], (in Spain) Lythrum salicaria, Calluna vulgaris, Onobrychis viciifolia, Ulex sp., Melilotus alba [BMAT]


SEU, Caucasus, Transcaucasia, N.Africa? Leptotes pirithous pirithous ; [BAFR, 546]
L. p. insulanus (Aurivillius, 1924)
Mozambique Channel (Europa I.) Cupido telicanus var. insulanus Aurivillius, 1924; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 13 : 470
Leptotes pirithous insulanus ; [BAFR, 546 (text)]

Leptotes plinius (Fabricius, 1793)
Ceylon, India, Burma, Australia. See [About maps] Zebra Blue
Hesperia plinius Fabricius, 1793; Ent. Syst. 3 (1): 284, TL: "Asia"
Leptotes plinius, Butterflies in Indo-China [Yutaka Inayoshi]
Leptotes plinius, Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia [Don Herbison-Evans]
Tarucus plinius ; Moore, [1881], Lepid. Ceylon 1 (3): 82, (2): pl. 36, f. 4; Druce, 1895, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1895 (3) : 586
Syntarucus plinius ; [BIR, 266]; [EBW]; [BOW: pl. 181, f. 13, 14]
Leptotes plinius ; [BAFR, 547 (text: not in Africa)]; [MRS, 670]; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 155
[plinius-1v.jpg] 600x400 (~34Kb) underside India: Pune, 4.11.2007 © Kedar Tokekar

Larva on Plumbago zeylanic, Indigofera suffruticosa, Albizia lebbeck, Sesbania aculeata, Glycine tomentosa, Tephrosia obovata, Dolichos lablab [MRS]

Larva on Plumbago auriculata, P. capensis, P. zeylanica K. L. & L. E. Dunn, 1991, Review Austr. Butts. (1-4): (120-140), Albizia, Dolichos, Galactia, Galscutia, Glycine, Indigofera, Lablab, Mimosa, Rhynchosia, Sesbania, Tephrosia, Dyerophytum, Plumbago, Ziziphus Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 156


L. p. lybas (Godart, [1824])
Timor Polyommatus lybas Godart, [1824]; Encyclopédie Méthodique. 9 (2): 655, TL: Timor
Leptotes plinius lybas ; [BAUR, 358 (note)]
L. p. pseudocassius (Murray, 1873)
Australia (Cairns - Sydney), Bismarck Archipelago, Solomons, New Hebrides Zebra Blue Plumbago Blue
Lycaena pseudocassius Murray, 1873; Ent. mon. Mag. 10 : 126 (repl. name), TL: E.Australia
Lycaena cassioides Murray, 1873; (preocc. Boisduval, 1870)
Leptotes plinius pseudocassius ; [BAUR, 358]

Larva on Plumbago [BAUR]

L. p. hyrcanus (Felder, 1860)
Ambon Lycaena hyrcanus Felder, 1860; Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien 40 (11): 455, TL: Ambon
Leptotes plinius hyrcanus ; [BAUR, 358 (note)]
L. p. leopardus (Schultze, 1910)
Philippines Tarucus leopardus Schultze, 1910; Philippine J. Sci. 5: 161, pl. 1, f. 9, TL: Luzon
Tarucus leopardus ; Bethune-Baker, [1918], Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1917 (2-4) : 293, pl. 17, f. 18
Leptotes plinius leopardus ; [BAUR, 358 (text)]
L. p. manusi (Rothschild, 1915)
Admiralty Is. Syntarucus manusi Rothschild, 1915; Novit. Zool. 22 (3): 390, TL: Manus, Admiralty Is.
Leptotes plinius manusi ; [BAUR, 358 (note)]
L. p. plutarchus (Fruhstorfer, 1922)
Sulawesi, Talaud, Sangihe, Sula Tarucus plinius plutarchus Fruhstorfer, 1922; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 893, pl. 153 b, TL: ?N.Sulawesi
Leptotes plinius plutarchus ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 156
L. p. celis (Fruhstorfer, 1922)
Sulawesi Tarucus plinius celis Fruhstorfer, 1922; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 893, TL: E.Sulawesi
Leptotes plinius celis ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 156
L. p. juvenal (Fruhstorfer, 1922)
Moluccas Tarucus plinius juvenal Fruhstorfer, 1922; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 893, TL: Batjan
Leptotes plinius juvenal ; [BAUR, 358 (text)]
L. p. zingis (Fruhstorfer, 1922)
Buton Tarucus plinius zingis Fruhstorfer, 1922; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9 : 893, TL: Buton
Leptotes plinius zingis ; Vane-Wright & de Jong, 2003, Zool. Verh. Leiden 343: 156

Leptotes babaulti (Stempffer, 1935)
most of Africa (south of Sahara), SW.Arabia?. See [About maps] Babault's Zebra Blue
Syntarucus babaulti Stempffer, 1935; Mém. Mus. natn. Hist. nat. N.S. 2: 235
Leptotes babaulti ; [BAFR, 546]; [BK: 231, f. 15c (m.gen)]; [AfrL]

Leptotes brevidentatus (Tite, 1958)
most of Africa (south of Sahara), SW.Arabia. See [About maps] Tite's Zebra Blue
Syntarucus brevidentatus Tite, 1958; Entomologist 91 : 189
Leptotes brevidentatus ; [BAFR, 546 (text)]; [BK: 232, f. 15a (m.gen)]; [AfrL]

Larva on Plumbago capensis [PBSA], Plumbago [BK]


Leptotes casca (Tite, 1958)
Comoro Is. Syntarucus casca Tite, 1958; Entomologist 91 : 190, TL: Comoro
Leptotes casca ; [BAFR, 546]; [AfrL]

Leptotes mayottensis (Tite, 1958)
Comoro Is. Syntarucus mayottensis Tite, 1958; Entomologist 91 : 191, TL: Comoro
Leptotes mayottensis ; [BAFR, 546 (text)]; [AfrL]

Leptotes jeanneli (Stempffer, 1935)
most of Africa (south of Sahara). See [About maps] Syntarucus jeanneli Stempffer, 1935; Mém. Mus. natn. Hist. nat. N.S. 2: 232
Leptotes jeanneli ; [BAFR, 547]; [BK: 232, f. 15b (m.gen)]; [AfrL]

Larva on Plumbago? [BK]


Leptotes marginalis (Stempffer, 1944)
Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, E.Zaire, S.Sudan. See [About maps] Black-Bordered Zebra Blue
Cupido telicanus ab. marginalis Aurivillius, 1925; in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 13 : 470
Syntarucus marginalis ;
Leptotes marginalis ; [BAFR, 547]; [BK: 232, pl. 24, f. 329]; [AfrL]

Leptotes adamsoni Collins & Larsen, 1991
Kenya (Kora Rock). See [About maps] Adamson's Zebra Blue
Leptotes adamsoni Collins & Larsen, 1991; , TL: Kora Rock
Leptotes adamsoni ; [BK: 232, pl. 24, f. 330]; [AfrL]

Leptotes pulcher (Murray, 1874)
most of Africa (south of Sahara). See [About maps] Beatiful Zebra Blue
Lycaena pulchra Murray, 1874; Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 22 (4) : 524
Leptotes pulchra ; [BAFR, 547]; [AfrL]
Leptotes pulcher ; [BK: 233, pl. 24, f. 331]

Larva on Sesbania aegyptica [BK]


Leptotes rabefaner (Mabille, 1877)
Madagascar. See [About maps] Lycaena rabefaner Mabille, 1877; Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. (5) 7 : lxxi, TL: Madagascar
Leptotes rabenafer[sic?] ; [BAFR, 547]
Leptotes rabefaner ; [MadL]; [AfrL]

Leptotes terrenus (Joicey & Talbot, 1926)
São Tomé I. Syntarucus terrenus Joicey & Talbot, 1926; Entomologist 59 : 224, TL: Sao Thomé I.
Leptotes terrenus ; [BAFR, 547]; [AfrL]

Leptotes socotranus (Ogilvie-Grant, 1899)
Socotra I. Tarucus socotranus Ogilvie-Grant, 1899; Bull. Liverpool Mus. 2 (1) : 10, TL: Sokotra
Leptotes socotranus ; [BAFR, 547]; [AfrL]

Leptotes cassioides (Capronnier, 1889)
Lycaena cassioides Capronnier, 1889; Bull. Ent. Soc. Belg. 33 : cxxi (?preocc. Boisduval), TL: "Aequator Stranden"
Leptotes cassioides ; [AfrL]

 

Leptotes andicola (Godman & Salvin, 1891)
Ecuador, Colombia. See [About maps] Lycaena andicola Godman & Salvin, 1891; , TL: Ecuador,Colombia
Leptotes krug Bálint, Johnson, Salazar & Vélez, 1995; , TL: Colombia
= ; [NL4A, #1070]
Lycaena alticola ; Dyar, 1914, (missp.)
Leptotes andicola ; [NL4A, #1070]

Leptotes bathyllos Tessmann, 1928
Peru. See [About maps] Leptotes bathyllos Tessmann, 1928; , TL: Peru
Leptotes bathyllos ; [NL4A, #1071]

Leptotes callanga (Dyar, 1913)
Peru. See [About maps] Lycaena callanga Dyar, 1913; , TL: Peru
Leptotes callanga ; [NL4A, #1072]

Leptotes cassius (Cramer, [1775])
Florida, S.Texas, Mexico - SA. See [About maps] Tropical Striped Blue Cassius Blue
Papilio cassius Cramer, [1775]; Uitl. Kapellen 1 (1-7): 36, pl. 23, f. C, D
Leptotes cassius, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Lycaena cassius ; Godman & Salvin, [1887], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 105; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 723
Leptotes cassius ; Brown & Mielke, 1967, J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 151; [NACL, #4356]; [BOW: pl. 19, f. 34]; [BNA: 394, pl. 35, f. 387]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #1073]
[cassius-1.jpg] 500x412 (~28Kb) Venezuela, Yacambu park near Barquisimeto, July 2002, Photo © Simon Coombes

Larva on Galactia volubilis, Macroptilium lathyroides, Phaseolus limensis, P. vulgaris, P. lunatus var. lunonanus, Pithecellobium, Crotalaria incana, C. vitellina, Desmodium, Indigofera anil, Malpighia glabra, Plumbago scandens, P. auriculata, P. capensis [BNA]


Surinam Leptotes cassius cassius ; [NL4A, #1073a]
L. c. catilina (Fabricius, 1793)
Hesperia catilina Fabricius, 1793; , TL: "Americae meridionalis insulis"
Leptotes cassius catilina ; [NL4A, #1073d]
L. c. theonus (Lucas, 1857)
Florida, Cuba, Bahamas, Greaer Antilles Lycaena theonus Lucas, 1857; in Sagra, Hist. fis. pol. nat. Isla Cuba (2) 7 : 611, TL: Cuba
Lycaena cassius var. floridensis Morrison, 1874; Bull. Buffalo Soc. nat. Sci. 1 : 187, TL: Florida
= ; [NL4A, #1073e]
Leptotes cassius theonus, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Leptotes theonus ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 46; [BOW: pl. 19, f. 36 (text only)]
Leptotes cassius theonus ; Clench, 1942, J. N.Y. Ent. Soc. 50: (243-244); [NACL, #4356a]; [NL4A, #1073e]
Misidentified/misapplied:
catalina; auth.

Larva on (flowers of) Albizzia lebbeck, Calliandra surinamensis, Pithecellobium dulce, Calopogonium mucunoides, Clytostoma callistegoides Fernández, 2004, J. Lep. Soc. 58 (1): 49

L. c. cassidula (Boisduval, 1870)
Texas, Mexico, Honduras Lycaena cassidula Boisduval, 1870; Considérations Lépid. Guatemala: 16, TL: Honduras
Lycaena striata Edwards, 1877; , TL: Texas
= ; [NL4A, #1073b]
Leptotes cassius cassidula, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Leptotes cassius cassidula, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Leptotes cassius cassidula ; [NL4A, #1073b]
L. c. cassioides (Boisduval, 1870)
Dominica Lycaena cassius cassioides Boisduval, 1870; , TL: "Honduras","Mexico"
Leptotes cassius chadwicki Comstock & Huntington, 1943; Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 45 (2) : 93, TL: Dominica
= ; [NL4A, #1073c]
Leptotes cassius cassioides ; [NL4A, #1073c]
L. c. striata (Edwards, 1877)
Mexico? Lycaena striata Edwards, 1877; Field & Forest 3: 86, TL: San Antonio?
Leptotes striata ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 46
Leptotes cassius striata ; [NACL, #4356b]

Leptotes delalande Bálint & Johnson, 1995
Ecuador. See [About maps] Leptotes delalande Bálint & Johnson, 1995; , TL: Ecuador
Leptotes delalande ; [NL4A, #1074]

Leptotes lamasi Bálint & Johnson, 1995
Peru. See [About maps] Leptotes lamasi Bálint & Johnson, 1995; , TL: Peru
Leptotes lamasi ; [NL4A, #1075]

Leptotes marina (Reakirt, 1868)
S.Texas, Arizona, California, Mexico, SA. See [About maps] Marine Blue Striped Blue
Lycaena marina Reakirt, 1868; Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad. 20 (1/2) : 87, TL: Mexico, Veracruz
Leptotes marina ab. ♀ violacea Gunder, 1925; Ent. News 36 : 6, pl. 1, f. U, TL: California
= ; [NL4A, #1076]
Leptotes burdicki Henne, 1935
f. burdicki Henne, 1935; Ent. News. 46 (4) : 100, TL: California
= ; [NL4A, #1076]
f. reakirti Field, 1936; J. Ent. Zool. 28 (2): 26 (female), TL: Arizona
= ; [NL4A, #1076]
Leptotes marina, Listing of Mexican Butterflies [ILMB]
Leptotes marina, Butterflies of America [BOA]
Leptotes marina, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Leptotes marina, Butterflies of Southeastern Arizon [Bruce Walsh]
Lycaena marina ; Godman & Salvin, [1887], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 106; Godman & Salvin, [1901], Biol. centr.-amer., Lep. Rhop. 2: 723
Leptotes marinus ; [BOW: pl. 19, f. 34 (text only)]
Leptotes marina ; Dyar, 1903, Bull. U.S. nat. Mus. 52 : 46; [NACL, #4357]; [BNA: 394, pl. 35, f. 386]; [Opler]; [NL4A, #1076]
[marina-1v.jpg] 500x500 (~30Kb) underside USA, Texas, Grapevine, 15-18.6.1996, Photo © Tero Piirainen

Larva on Astragalus, Amorpha californica, Acacia greggii, Dalea purpurea, Dolichos lablab, Galactia, Glycyrrhiza lepidota, Prosopis glandulosa, Lysiloma thornberi, Lathyrus odoratus, Medicago sativa, Lotus scoparius ssp. dendroides, Phaseolus, Wisteria sinensis, Plumbago [BNA]



Leptotes parrhasioides (Wallengren, 1860)
Galapagos Galapagos Blue
Lycaena parrhasioides Wallengren, 1860; Wien ent. Monats. 4: 37, TL: Galápagos
Lycaena parrhasioides ; Wallengren, 1861, Svenska fregatten Eugenies Resa : 355
Cupido parrhasioides ; Williams, 1911, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 1: 300; Beebe, 1923, Zoologica 5: 55; Van Duzee, 1933, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 21 (12) : 143; Moreno, Silva del Pozo, Estevez, Marggraff & Margraff, 1997, Mariposas del Ecuador: 158
Leptotes parrhasioides ; Linsley & Usinger, 1966, Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 33: 157; Bridges, 1988, Cat. Lycaenidae & Riodinidae: 268; Bálint & Johnson, 1995, Reports Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Wisc. 44: 9; Roque-Albelo, 2004, J. Lep. Soc. 58 (1): 37, f. 3; [NL4A, #1077]
Misidentified/misapplied:
?Leptotes trigemmatus; [BK, 230 (note)]

Larva on Cardiospermum halicacabum, Cardiospermum galapageium?, Crotalaria incana, Rhynchosia minima Roque-Albelo, 2004, J. Lep. Soc. 58 (1): 37


Leptotes perkinsae Kaye, 1931
-. See [About maps] Leptotes perkinsae Kaye, 1931; , TL: Jamaica
Leptotes perkinsae ; [NL4A, #1078]
Jamaica Leptotes perkinsae perkinsae ; [NL4A, #1078a]
L. p. hedgesi Schwartz & Johnson, 1992
Cuba perkinsae hedgesi Schwartz & Johnson, 1992; , TL: Cuba
Leptotes perkinsae hedgesi ; [NL4A, #1078b]
L. p. idealus Johnson & Matusik, 1988
Dominican Republic perkinsae idealus Johnson & Matusik, 1988; , TL: Dominican Republic
Leptotes perkinsae idealus ; [NL4A, #1078c]

Leptotes trigemmatus (Butler, 1881)
Chile. See [About maps] Lampides trigemmatus Butler, 1881; Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1881 (4) : 468, TL: Chile
Leptotes trigemmatus borealis Ureta, 1949; , TL: Chile
= ; [NL4A, #1079]
Leptotes trigemmatus ; [NL4A, #1079]


10.2.2013 (24)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[AfrL]
Mark C. Williams; Checklist of Afrotropical Papilionoidea and Hesperoidea; Compiled by Mark C. Williams, 7th ed. (2008) (April 2007); Afrototropical Butterflies; e-mail: Mark C. Williams
[BAFR]
D'Abrera, 1980; Butterflies of the Afrotropical Region
[BAMONA]
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
[BAUR]
D'Abrera, 1977; Butterflies of the Australian Region (2nd edn)
[BCA]
electronic; BIOLOGIA CENTRALI-AMERICANA
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[BIR]
Wynter-Blyth, 1957; Butterflies of the Indian Region; (1982 Reprint)
[BK]
Larsen, 1996; The Butterflies of Kenya and their natural history
[BMAT]
Tennent, 1996; The butterflies of Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia; ISBN 0 906802 05 9
[BNA]
Scott, 1986; The Butterflies of North America
[BOA]
Interactive Listing of American Butterflies; Listado Interactivo de la Mariposas Americanas; Butterflies of America
[BOW]
Lewis, 1974; Butterflies of the World; ISBN 0 245 52097 X
[BRU2]
Tuzov (ed.), Bogdanov, Churkin, Devyatkin, Dantchenko, Murzin, Samodurov, Zhdanko, 2000; Guide to the Butterflies of Russia and adjacent territories; Libytheidae, Danaidae, Nymphalidae, Riodinidae, Lycaenidae; Volume 2
[Bruce Walsh]
Bruce Walsh; e-mail: Bruce Walsh; The Moths of Southeastern Arizona; Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona
[Don Herbison-Evans]
and Stella A. Crossley; Lepidoptera Larvae of Australia; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans; e-mail: Don Herbison-Evans
[EBW]
Smart, Paul, 1976; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World; ISBN 0 600 31381 6
[H&R]
Higgins, L.G, Riley, N.D, 1970; A Field Guide to the Butterflies of Britain and Europe
[ILMB]
Interactive Listing of Mexican Butterflies
[JLS]
Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society; the original J. Lep. Soc. articles
[Kedar Tokekar]
India
[LAMAS-2005]
Gerardo Lamas; Entomofauna 26 (6): 57-100; A Bibliography of the Zoological Publications of Hans Fruhstorfer (1886* - 1922+)
[LAMAS-NEO]
Gerardo Lamas; Bibliography of butterflies; An Annocated Bibliography of the Neotropical Butterflies and Skipper (Lepididoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea); Revised Electronic Edition (2007)
[MBE]
Moths and Butteflies of Europe; Paolo Mazzei, Diego Reggianti and Ilaria Pimpinelli; http://www.leps.it/
[MRS]
Chou Io (Ed.); Monographia Rhopalocerum Sinensium, 1-2
[MadL]
Lees, D.C., Kremen, C. and Raharitsimba, H. 2003; in S.M. Goodman & J. P. Benstead (eds.), The Natural History of Madagascar; Classification, Diversity and Endemism of the Butterflies (Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea): A Revised Species Checklist: : pp. 762-793; University of Chicago Press. 1709 pp.
[Mario Maier]
Europäische Schmetterlinge; e-mail: Mario Maier
[NACL]
Hodges, 1983; Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
[NL4A]
Gerardo Lamas, 2004; Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
[Opler]
Opler & Warren, 2003 (April); Butterflies of North America. 2. Scientific Names List for Butterfly Species of North America, north of Mexico.
[PBSA]
Dickson, C.G.C (ed.), Kroon, D.M.; Pennington's Butterflies of Southern Africa; AD. DONKER 1978
[Simon Coombes]
1 Park Street, Plymouth, PL3 4BL, UK; 01752 607854; e-mail: Simon Coombes; http://www.butterfly-guide.co.uk
[Tero Piirainen]
Tampere, Finland; e-mail: Tero Piirainen
[Yutaka Inayoshi]
A Check List of Butterflies in Indo-China; Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM


Some related literature:
Aurivillius, 1924; Aurivillius, 1925
Die Gross-Schmetteringe der Erde; 13 Band; Die Afrikanischen Tagfalter in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 13 : 1-613, pl. 1-80
Bálint & Johnson, 1995
Species diagnostics of the genus Leptotes in contental South America (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae) Reports Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Wisc. 44: 1-24
Beebe, 1923
Notes on Galápagos Lepidoptera Zoologica 5: 51-59
Bethune-Baker, [1918]
A Revision of the genus Tarucus Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 1917 (2-4) : 269-296, pl. 14-20
Boisduval, 1870
Considerations sur des Lépidoptères envoyés du Guatemala à M. de l'Orza Considérations Lépid. Guatemala: 100pp
Bridges, 1988
Catalogue of Lycaenidae & Riodinidae (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) Cat. Lycaenidae & Riodinidae: 1-811
Brown & Mielke, 1967
Lepidoptera of the Central Brazil Plateau. I. Preliminary list of Rhopalocera (continued) J. Lep. Soc. 21 (3): 145-168
Butler, 1881
List of Butterflies collected in Chili by Thomas Edmonds, Esq. Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1881 (4) : 449-486, pl. 21
Butler, [1901]
On two consignments of Butterflies collected by Mr. Richard Crawshay in the Kikuyu Country of British E. Africa in 1899 and 1900 Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1900 (4) : 911-946, pl. 58
Capronnier, 1889
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Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.