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Lapara Walker, 1856
Lapara Walker, 1856; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 8: 232, TS: Lapara bombycoides
Ellema Clemens, 1859; J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phil. 4 (2): 187, TS: Ellema harrisii
Exedrium Grote, 1882; New Checklist of North American Moths: 11, TS: Sphinx halicarnie
Lapara (Sphingini) ; [HMW, 17]

Lapara bombycoides Walker, 1856
New Jersey - North Carolina, Nova Scotia - Saskatchewan. See [About maps] Northern Pine Sphinx
Lapara bombycoides Walker, 1856; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 8: 233, TL: Canada
Ellema harrisii Clemens, 1859; J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phil. 4 (2): 188, TL: Maine, New Jersey, New Hampshire, North Carolina
Ellema pineum Lintner, [1872]; Entomogical Contributions, 37: pl. 8, f. 12-13, TL: New York
Lapara bombycoides, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Lapara bombycoides, E.H. Strickland Ent. Mus, U of [ALBERTA]
Lapara bombycoides, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Lapara bombycoides, Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images [Lynn Scott]
Lapara bombycoides ; [HMW]

Larva on Pinus [MNA21]

Lapara coniferarum (J. E. Smith, 1797)
New Jersey, New York - Florida, Mississippi, South Carolina, Virginia. See [About maps] Southern Pine Sphinx
Sphinx coniferarum J. E. Smith, 1797; in Smith & Abbot, Nat. Hist. Rarer Lepid. Ins. Georgia 1: 83, pl. 42, TL: Georgia
Sphinx cana Martyn, 1797; Psyche: pl. 19, f. 46
Sphinx halicarnie Strecker, 1880; Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc., 3: 35, TL: Florida
Lapara coniferarum, Moth Photographers Group [MPG]
Lapara coniferarum, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Lapara coniferarum ; Brou, 1994, J. Lep. Soc. 48 (1): 52, f. 1C-D; [HMW]

Larva on Pinus, P. palustris, P. taeda [MNA21]

Lapara halicarnie (Strecker, 1880)
Lapara halicarnie ; [HMW]

Lapara phaeobrachycerous Brou, 1994
Mississippi. See [About maps] Gulf Pine Sphinx
Lapara phaeobrachycerous Brou, 1994; J. Lep. Soc. 48 (1): 51, f. 1A-B, TL: Louisiana, St. Tammany Parish
Lapara phaeobrachycerous, Butterflies and Moths of North America [BAMONA]
Lapara phaeobrachycerous ; [HMW]

24.2.2013 (4)

University of Alberta, E.H. Strickland Entomological Museum; Browse Entomology Collection
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
Opler, Pavulaan, Stanford & Pogue; Butterflies and Moths of North America; Mountain Prairie Information Node
Kitching & Cadiou, 2000; Hawkmoths of the World; An annotated and illustrated revisionary checklist (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae)
[Lynn Scott]
Moths of the Ottawa Area; Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images
Ronald W. Hodges, 1971; The Moths of America North of Mexico; Fascicle 21; SPHINGOIDEA
North American Moth Photographers Group

Some related literature:
Brou, 1994
A new species of Lapara (Sphingidae) from southeastern United States J. Lep. Soc. 48 (1): 51-57
Clemens, 1859
Synopsis of the North American Sphingides J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phil. 4 (2): 97-190
Martyn, 1797
Figures of non-descript lepidopterous insects, or rare moths and butterflies from different parts of the world Psyche: [32 pls]
Walker, 1856
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 8: 1-271 (1856)

If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.