[HOME] [INDEXES] < Life < Insecta < Lepidoptera < Ditrysia < Bombycoidea < Sphingidae < Smerinthinae
Clanis Hübner, [1819]
Clanis Hübner, [1819]; Verz. bek. Schmett. (9): 138, TS: Sphinx phalaris Cramer
Metagastes Boisduval, [1875]; Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. Hétérocères, 1 : 11, TS: Sphinx phalaris Cramer
Basiana Walker, 1856; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 8: 78 (key), 236, TS: Basiana decalion Walker
Clanis ; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 51-348
Clanis (Smerinthini) ; [HMW, 17]

The phalaris species-group
phalaris ; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 52

Clanis phalaris (Cramer, [1777])
NE.India, S.India, Sri Lanka, Andaman Island, N.Thailand. See [About maps] Sphinx phalaris Cramer, [1777]; Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 83, pl. 149, f. A, TL: Coromandel coast
Sphinx pagana Fabricius, 1781; Spec. Ins. 2 : 146
= ; [HMW]
Sphinx nicobarensis Schwarz, 1793; Beitr. Nat. Ins.-Ges. 2: 1, pl. 1, f. 1-2
= ; [HMW]
Basiana cervina Walker, 1856; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 8: 237, TL: "North India"
= ; [HMW]
Clanis nicobariensis[sic] ; Swinhoe, 1892, Cat. Het. Mus. Oxford (1) : 29
Clanis phalaris ; [HMW]; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 52, pl. 3, f. 1-4

Clanis mahadeva Gehlen, 1935
Bombay. See [About maps] Clanis mahadeva Gehlen, 1935; Ent. Z. 48 (24): 188, f. 1-3, TL: Bombay, India
= Clanis phalaris ; [HMW]
Clanis mahadeva ; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 53, pl. 3, f. 5-6, pl. 4, f. 7

Clanis sp.
Thailand. See [About maps] Clanis sp. ; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 54, pl. 4, f. 2-4
Misidentified/misapplied:
Clanis phalaris; Inoue, Kennett & Kitching, 1997, The Moths of Thailand 2: 37, pl. 12, f. 35

Clanis euroa Rothschild & Jordan, 1903
Timor, Tanimbar, Babar. See [About maps] Clanis euroa Rothschild & Jordan, 1903; Novit. Zool. 9 (Suppl.) : 216, TL: "Oinanisa, Dutch Timor"
Clanis euroa ; [HMW]; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 56, pl. 4, f. 5, pl. 5, f. 1-4

Clanis baratana Brechlin, 1998
Sumbawa, Komodo, Sumba, Alor. See [About maps] Clanis euroa baratana Brechlin, 1998; Nachr. Ent. Ver. Apollo N.F. 19: 240, TL: Sumbawa, Gunung, Aimual, 40m, 150km S Sumbawa-Besar
Clanis euroa baratana ; [HMW]
Clanis baratana ; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 57, pl. 5, f. 5-6, pl. 6, f. 1-2

Clanis schwartzi Cadiou, 1993
Laos, Vietnam, China (Hunei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shaanxi). See [About maps] Clanis schwartzi Cadiou, 1993; Lambillionea 93 (4): 445, f. 1-7, TL: Laos, Ban Kheum, 800m
Clanis bilineata f. acuta Mell, 1922; Biol. und Syst. südchin. Sphing. 1 & 2: 115, TL: "Siu dsau", Kuangtung, China
Clanis schwartzi, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Clanis schwartzi ; [HMW]; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 58, pl. 6, f. 3-6, pl. 7, f. 1-2

Clanis surigaoensis Clark, 1928
Philippines (Leyte, Mindanao, Samar). See [About maps] Clanis surigaoensis Clark, 1928; Proc. New England Zool. Cl. 10: 41, TL: "Surigao Mindanao", Philippines
Clanis surigaoensis ; [HMW]; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 60, pl. 7, f. 3-4

Clanis negritensis Hogenes & Treadaway, 1993
Philippines (Luzon, Mindanao, Negros). See [About maps] Clanis negritensis Hogenes & Treadaway, 1993; Nachr. Ent. Ver. Apollo 13 (4): 534, f. 1-2, 4, TL: Phlippines, Negros, nr. Mambucal
Clanis negritensis ; [HMW]; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 62, pl. 8, f. 1-2

Clanis titan Rothschild & Jordan, 1903
NE.India, Nepal, Myanmar, N.Thailand, Laos, Malaya. See [About maps] Clanis titan Rothschild & Jordan, 1903; Novit. Zool. 9 (Suppl.) : 218, TL: Khasia Hills, N.India
Clanis titan, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Clanis titan ; [HMW]; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 73, pl. 8, f. 3-4, pl. 9, f. 1

Clanis hyperion Cadiou & Kitching, 1990
N.Thailand, NE.India. See [About maps] Clanis hyperion Cadiou & Kitching, 1990; Lambillionea 90 (4): 9, TL: Thailand, Chiang Mai, Mae Taeng, Pamieng Hom Ha, Ban Muang Gai
Clanis hyperion, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Clanis hyperion ; [HMW]; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 64, pl. 9, f. 2-4, pl. 10, f. 3-4

Clanis orhanti Haxaire, 2001
Peninsular Malaya, Sumatra. See [About maps] Clanis orhanti Haxaire, 2001; Lambillionea 101: 125, f. 1a, 2a-b, TL: Malaisie, Taiping, Perak
Clanis orhanti ; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 66, pl. 10, f. 1-2

The undulosa species-group
undulosa ; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 67

Clanis undulosa Moore, 1879
-. See [About maps] Clanis undulosa Moore, 1879; Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1879 : 387, TL: "N.China" [Peking region]
Clanis undulosa, Lepidoptera collection [SZMN]
Clanis undulosa undulosa, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Clanis undulosa ; [HMW]
Korea, Amur, NE.China Clanis undulosa jankowskii Gehlen, 1932; Ent. Rdsch. 49: 66, f. 3, TL: "Saishin, N. Korea"
= Clanis undulosa Moore, 1879; [HMW]
Clanis undulosa jankowskii, Lepidoptera collection [SZMN]
Clanis undulosa undulosa ; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 67, pl. 11, f. 1-4
C. u. roseata (Mell, 1922)
China Clanus undulosa roseata Mell, 1922; Dt. ent. Z. 1922: 114, TL: N.Kuangtung
= Clanis undulosa gigantea ; [HMW]
Clanis undulosa f. acuta Mell, 1922; Biol. und Syst. südchin. Sphing. 1 & 2: 119, TL: Siu dsau, Kuangtung
= Clanis undulosa gigantea ; [HMW]
Clanis undulosa roseata gen.aest. pallesecens Mell, 1922; Biol. und Syst. südchin. Sphing. 1 & 2: 119, TL: Siu dsau, Kuangtung
= Clanis undulosa gigantea ; [HMW]
Clanis undulosa hoenei Mell, 1935; Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berl. 20: 343, TL: Chekiang; N.Kiangsi (Kuling)
= Clanis undulosa gigantea ; [HMW]
Clanis undulosa roseata ; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 68, pl. 11, f. 5-6, pl. 12, f. 1-5, pl. 13, f. 1-4
C. u. gigantea Rothschild, 1894
NE.India, Nepal, Thailand, Peninsular Malaya, Burma, Laos, Vietnam, Tibet Clanis gigantea Rothschild, 1894; Novit. Zool. 1 (1) : 96, TL: Khasia Hills, Assam
Clanis undulosa gigantea, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Clanis undulosa gigantea ; [HMW]; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 72, pl. 13, f. 5, pl. 14, f. 1-4, pl. 15, f. 1-2

The stenosema species-group
stenosema ; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 73

Clanis stenosema Rothschild & Jordan, 1907
Nias, Sumatra, Java?. See [About maps] Clanis stenosema Rothschild & Jordan, 1907; Novit. Zool. 14 (1): 93, TL: Kalim Bungo, Nias
Clanis brooksi Rothschild, 1920; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (9) 5 (30) : 480, TL: Lebong-Tandai, Benkoelen, Sumatra
Clanis stenosema ; [HMW]; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 73, pl. 15, f. 3-4, pl. 16, f. 1-3

Clanis peterseni Eitschberger, 2004
Palawan, Balabac, Borneo. See [About maps] Clanis peterseni Eitschberger, 2004; Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 75, pl. 17, f. 1-2, pl. 18, f. 1, TL: Philippines, Palawan, Irawan, 50m
Misidentified/misapplied:
Clanis stenosema; Holloway, 1987, [MOB3: 134]
Clanis stenosema; Hogenes & Treadaway, 1998, Nachr. Ent. Ver. Apollo, Suppl. 17: 29
Clanis stenosema; Haxaire, 1999, 199

Clanis thailandica Eitschberger, 2004
Thailand. See [About maps] Clanis thailandica Eitschberger, 2004; Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 76, pl. 17, f. 3-4, TL: Thailand, Pa Hala, Yala, 800m

Clanis pratti Joicey & Talbot, 1921
Moluccas. See [About maps] Clanis pratti Joicey & Talbot, 1921; Entomologist 54 (696) : 105, TL: N. Manusela, Central Ceram, 2500ft
Clanis pratti ; [HMW]
Seram, Amboina, Buru Clanis pratti pratti ; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 78, pl. 18, f. 2-4, pl. 19, f. 1
C. p. okurai Cadiou & Holloway, 1989
Sulawesi Clanis pratti okurai Cadiou & Holloway, 1989; Lambillionea 89 (9-12): 137, pl. 2, f. 1, TL: Sulawesi, Utara, Dumoga-Bone N-P., 1040m
Clanis pratti okurai ; [HMW]; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 78, pl. 191, f. 2-4

Clanis bilineata (Walker, 1866)
N.India - Korea, Japan, Borneo, Sumatra, Taiwan, China, S.Thailand, Malaya. See [About maps] Basiana bilineata Walker, 1866; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 35: 1857, TL: Darjeeling
Clanis bilineata formosana Gehlen, 1941; Ent. Z. 55 (23): 178, TL: Formosa
= ; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 79
Clanis bilineata sumatrana Clark, 1936; Proc. New England Zool. Cl. 15: 75, TL: Tverangui, Sumatra
= ; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 79
Clanis bilineata tsingtauica Mell, 1922; Biol. und Syst. südchin. Sphing. 1 & 2: 114, TL: Tsingtau
= ; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 79
Clanis bilineata tsingtauica, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Clanis bilineata sumatrana ; Inoue, Kennett & Kitching, 1997, The Moths of Thailand 2: 37
Clanis bilineata ; Rothschild & Jordan, 1903, 213
Clanis bilineata formosana ; [HMW]
Clanis bilineata sumatrana ; [HMW]
Clanis bilineata tsingtauica ; [HMW]
Clanis bilineata ; [HMW]; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 79, pl. 20, 21, 22, 23, f. 1-2

Larva on Glycine, Lespedeza, Millettia, Mucuna, Pongamia, Pterocarpus, Pueraria, Robinia, Wisteria [MOB3, 134]


Clanis deucalion (Walker, 1856)
NE.India, Thailand, Laos. See [About maps] Basiana deucalion Walker, 1856; List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 8: 236, TL: Northern India
Clanis deucalion, Sphigidae of China (and adjacent regions) [Tony Pittaway]
Clanis deucalion ; [HMW]; Eitschberger, 2004, Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 86, pl. 23, f. 3-6, pl. 24, f. 1-7

Clanis mcguirei Eitschberger, 2004
N.Thailand. See [About maps] Clanis mcguirei Eitschberger, 2004; Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 88, pl. 25, f. 1-6, TL: N.Thailand, Chiang Mai, Doi Kham, 500m


15.7.2009 (18)

References:
[About maps]
Warning! The maps are automatically generated from the textual information, and the process does not always produce acceptable result; See about maps for more info.
[BHL]
The; Biodiversity Heritage Library; and on; Internet Archive; Note: The linking to the content of Internet Archive is somewhat delicate -- notify me when links break!
[HBN]
Francis Hemming, 1937; HÜBNER, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer, Vol 1 & 2
[HMW]
Kitching & Cadiou, 2000; Hawkmoths of the World; An annotated and illustrated revisionary checklist (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae)
[MOB3]
Holloway, 1987; The Moths of Borneo, Part 3; Superfamily Bombycoidea: families Lasiocampidae, Eupterotidae, Bombycidae, Brahmaeidae, Saturniidae, Sphingidae; (1998 reprint)
[SZMN]
Lepidoptera; Siberian Zoological Museum
[Tony Pittaway]
WWW pages; Sphingidae of the Western Palearctic; Saturniidae of the Western Palaearctic; Sphingidae of China (and adjacent regions)


Some related literature:
Boisduval, [1875]
Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Species Général des Lépidoptéres Hétérocéres. Tome Premier. Sphingides, Sésiides, Castnides Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. Hétérocères, 1 : 1-568, pl. 1-11
Cadiou & Kitching, 1990
New Sphingidae from Thailand (Lepidoptera) Lambillionea 90 (4): 3-34
Clark, 1928
Sundry notes on Sphingidae Proc. New England Zool. Cl. 10: 33-46
Cramer, [1777]
Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exotiques) Uitl. Kapellen 2 (9-16): 1-152, pl. 97-192 (1777)
Eitschberger, 2004
Revision der Schwärmergattung Clanis Hübner, [1819] Neue Ent. Nachr. 58: 51-92 (text), 93-348 (gen.figs), pl. 3-25
Fabricius, 1781
Species Insectorum Exhibentes Eorum Differentia Specifica, Synonyma Auctorum, Loca Natalia, Metamorphosin Adiectis, Observationibus, Descriptionibus. Tom II Spec. Ins. 2 : 1-494 (1781), : 495-514 (appendix), 515-517 (index) ([1782])
Gehlen, 1932
Neue Sphingiden Ent. Rdsch. 49: 65-66
Gehlen, 1941
Neue Sphingiden Ent. Z. 55 (23): 178-179
Haxaire, 2001
Un nouveau Sphingidae de malaise peninsularie et de Sumatra: Clanis orhanti Lambillionea 101: 125-128
Hogenes & Treadaway, 1993
New hawk moths from the Philippines Nachr. Ent. Ver. Apollo 13 (4): 533-552
Hogenes & Treadaway, 1998
The Sphingidae (Lepidoptera) of the Philippines Nachr. Ent. Ver. Apollo, Suppl. 17: 17-132
Hübner, [1819]
Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, 1816-[1826] Verz. bek. Schmett. (1): [1-3], 4-16 (1816), (2): 17-32 (1819), (3): 33-48 (1819), (4): 49-64 (1819), (5): 65-80 (1819), (6): 81-96 (1819), (7): 97-112 (1819), (8): 113-128 (1819), (9): 129-144 (1819), (10): 145-160 (1819), (11): 161-176 (1819), (12): 177-192 (1820), (13): 193-208 (1820), (14): 209-224 (1821), (15): 225-240 (1821), (16): 241-256 (1821), (17): 257-272 (1823), (18): 273-288 (1823), (19): 289-304 (1823), (20): 305-320 (1825), (21): 321-336 (1825), (22): 337-352 (1825), (23-27): 353-431 ([1825])
Joicey & Talbot, 1921
New forms of Sphingidae Entomologist 54 (696) : 105-109
Mell, 1922
Beiträge zur Fauna Sinica (II). Biologie und Systematik der südchinesischen Sphingiden. Zugleich ein Versuch einer Biologie tropischer Lepidopteren überhaupt Biol. und Syst. südchin. Sphing. 1 & 2: (1) 1-177, (2) 331pp (Atlas): pl. 1-35
Moore, 1879
Description of new Genera and Species of Asiatic Lepidoptera Heterocera Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1879 : 387-417, pl. 32-34
Rothschild, 1894
Notes on Sphingidae, with descriptions of new species Novit. Zool. 1 (1) : 65-98, pl. 5-7
Rothschild, 1920
Preliminary Descriptions of some new Species and Subspecies of Indo-Malayan Sphingidae Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (9) 5 (30) : 479-482
Rothschild & Jordan, 1903
A revision of the Lepidopterous family Sphingidae Novit. Zool. 9 (Suppl.) : 1-813, : 815-972, pl. 1-67
Rothschild & Jordan, 1907
New Sphingidae Novit. Zool. 14 (1): 92-95
Schwarz, 1793
Christian Friedrich Carl Kleemanns Beyträge zur Natur- und Insecten-Geschichte Beitr. Nat. Ins.-Ges. 2: 1
Swinhoe, 1892
Catalogue of Eastern and Australian Lepidoptera Heterocera in the Collection of the Oxford University Museum (Part 1) Cat. Het. Mus. Oxford (1) : 1-324, viii, pl. 1-8
Walker, 1856
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 8: 1-271 (1856)
Walker, 1866
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum List Spec. Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 31: 1-322 ([1865]), 32: 323-706 (1865), 33: 707-1120 (1865), 34: 1121-1534 ([1866]), 35: 1535-2040 (1866)


If you have corrections, comments or information to add into these pages, just send mail to Markku Savela
Keep in mind that the taxonomic information is copied from various sources, and may include many inaccuracies. Expert help is welcome.